COURT FEES ACT, 1870.

Act No. VII of 1870

Contents

SN

Subject

1

PRELIMINARY

2

FEES IN THE HIGH COURTS AND IN THE COURTS OF SMALL CLAUSES AT THE PRESIDENCY-TOWNS

3

FEES IN OTHER COURTS AND IN PUBLIC OFFICES

3A

PROBATES, LETTERS OF ADMINISTRATION ANDCERTIFICATE OF ADMINISTRATION

4

PROCESS –FEES

5

THE MODE OF LEVYING FEES

6

MISCELLANEOUS

 

 

CHAPTER 1

PRELIMINARY

1.        Short title. - This Act may be called the Court fees Act, 1870.

           Extent of Act. -  It extent to the whole of British India;

Commencement of Act. - And it shall come into force on the first day of April , 1870.

2.           “Chief Controlling Revenue-authority” defined. -  [a1] In this Act,  unless there be anything repugnant in the subject or context, “ Chief Controlling Revenue-authority “ means –

(a)   in the Presidency of Fort St. George, [the Presidency of Fort William in Bengal ][a2]  and the territories respectively under the administration of the Lieutenant –Governors [a3] of  [Bihar and Orissa [a4] ] and the North- Western Provinces and the Chief Commissioner of Oudh[a5] —The Board of Revenue;

(b)   in the Presidency of Bombay , outside Sindh and the limits of the town of Bombay—a Revenue Commissioner;

(c)   in Sindh--- The Commissioner;

(d)   in the Punjab and Burma, including Upper Burma – the financial Commissioner , and

(e)   elsewhere—The Local Government or such officer as the Local Government may, by notification in the official Gazette, appoint in this behalf.

 

CHAPTER 2

FEES IN THE HIGH COURTS AND IN THE COURTS OF SMALL CLAUSES AT THE PRESIDENCY-TOWNS.

 

3.      Levy of fees in High courts on their original sides - The fees payable for the time being to the clerks and officers ( other than the sheriffs and attorneys) of the High Courts established by Letters Patent, by virtue of the power conferred by [section 15 of the Indian High Courts Act, 1861, or section 107 of the Government of India Act, 1915. ]

        or chargeable in each of such Courts under no. 11 of the first, and Nos, 7,12, 14, { The word ’sixteen‘ was repealed by the Repealing and Amending Act, 1891 9 12 of 1891)} 20 and 21 of the second schedule to this Act annexed;

        Levy of fees in presidency small cause courts - and the fees for the time being chargeable in the Courts of Small causes at the Presidency towns and several offices shall be collected in manner hereinafter appearing .

4.      Fees on documents filed, etc., in High courts in their extraordinary jurisdiction. -  No document of any of the kinds specified in the first or second schedule to this Act , annexed as chargeable with fees, shall be lifted , exhibited or recorded in, or shall be received or furnished by, any of the said High Courts in any case coming before such Court in the exercise of its extraordinary original civil jurisdiction; or in the exercise of its extraordinary original criminal jurisdiction;

        In their appellate jurisdiction. - Or in the exercise of its jurisdiction as regards appeals from the [judgements ([a6] other than judgements passed in the exercise of the ordinary original civil jurisdiction of the Court) of one or more Judges of the said Court or of a division Court;

        or in the exercise of its jurisdiction as regards appeals from the Courts Subject to its superintendence;

        As courts of references and revision – or in the exercise of its jurisdiction as a Court of reference or revision;

unless in respect of such document there be paid a fee of an amount not less than that indicated by either of the said schedules as the proper fee for such document.

5.      Procedure in case of difference as to necessity or amount of fee. - When any difference arises between the officer whose duty it is to see that any fee is paid under this chapter and any suitor or attorney, as to the necessity of paying a fee or the amount thereof, the question shall, when the difference arises in any of the said High Courts, be referred to the taxing –officer, whose decision thereon shall be final, except when the question is, in his opinion, one of general importance, in which case he shall refer it to the final decision of the Chief Justice of such High Court, or of such Judge of the High Court as the Chief Justice shall appoint either generally or specially in this behalf.

        When any such difference arises in any of the said Courts of Small Causes, the question shall be referred to the Clerk of the Court ,  whose decision, thereon shall be final, except when the question is, in his opinion , one of general importance, in which case he shall refer it to the final decision of the first Judge of such Court.

        The Chief Justice shall declare who shall be taxing officer within the meaning of the first paragraph of this section

 

CHAPTER 3

FEES IN OTHER COURTS AND IN PUBLIC OFFICES,

6.      Fees on documents filed etc., in Mofussil Courts or in Public Offices  - Except in the Courts here in before mentioned no document of any of kinds specified as chargeable in the first or second  schedule to this Act annexed shall be field, exhibited or recorded in any Court of Justice, or shall be received or furnished by any public officer , unless in respect of such document there be paid a fee of an amount not less than that indicated by either of the said schedules as the proper fee for such document .

7.      Computation of fees payable in certain suits. - The amount of fee payable under this Act in the suits next [a7] hereinafter mentioned shall be computed as follows:-

(i)        For money - In suits for money (including suits for damages or compensation, or arrears of maintenance of annuities, or of other sums payable periodically) ---- according to the amount claimed :

(ii)       for maintenance and annuities - In suits for maintenance and annuities or other sums payable periodically )—according to the value of the subject-matter of the suit, and such value shall be deemed to be ten times the amount claimed to be payable for one year:

(iii)      for other moveable property having a market  value - In suits for moveable property other than money, where the subject- matter has a market – value – according to such value at the date of presenting the plaint:

(iv)                                 In suits ----

(a)       for moveable property of no market-value - for moveable property where the subject matter has no market   value, as, for instance, in the case of documents relating to title,

(b)       to enforce a right to share in joint family property - to enforce a the right to share in any property on the ground that it is joint family property,

(a)    for a declaratory decree and consequential relief to obtain a declaratory decree or order, where consequential relief is prayed,

(b)   for an injunction; -to obtain an injunction,

(c)   for easements; - for a right to some benefit (not herein other wise provided  for ) to arise out of land, and

(d)for accounts  - for accounts

according to the amount at which the relief sought is valued in the plaint or memorandum of appeal .

In all such suits the plaintiff shall state the amount at which he values the relief sought:

(v)                                   for possession of lands, houses and gardens - In suits for the possession of land, houses and gardens--- according to the value of the subject matter; and such value shall be  deemed to be---

Where the subject-matter is land, and -

(a)                            where the land forms an entire estate or a definite share of an estate, paying annual revenue to Government,

or forms part of such an estate and is recorded in the collector’s register as separately assessed with such revenue

and such revenue is permanently settled – ten times the revenue so payable:

(b)                           where the land forms an entire estate, or a definite share of an estate, paying annual revenue to Government , or forms part of such  estate and is recorded as aforesaid;

and such revenue is settled, but not permanently

[ten[a8] ] times the revenue so payable:

(c)                           where the land pays no such revenue , or has been partially exempted form such payment, or is charged with any fixed payment in lieu of such revenue,

and  nett profits have arisen from the land during the year next before the date of presenting the palint---

fifteen times such nett profits:

but where no such nett profits have been arisen there from the mount at which the Court shall estimate the  land with reference to the value of similar land in the neighbour- hood:

(d)                           where the land forms part of an estate paying revenue to Government , but is not a definite share of such estate and is not separately assessed as above-mentioned the market value of the land:

Proviso as to Bombay Presidency - Provided that, in the territories  subjects to the Governor of Bombay in council the value of the land shall be deemed to be---

(1)   where the land is held on settlement for a period not exceeding thirty years and pays the full assessment to Government – a sum equal to [seven and half][a9]  times the survey- assessment:

(2)   where the land is held on a permanent settlement, or on a settlement for any period exceeding thirty years, and pays the full assessment to government – a sum equal to [fifteen[a10] ] times the survey – assessment ‘ and

(3)   where the whole or any part of the annual survey-assessment is remitted – a sum computed under paragraph910 or paragraph (2) of this proviso, as the case may be, in addition to [fifteen[a11] ] times the assessment, or the portion of assessment, so remitted:

Explanation .--- The word “ estate” as used in this paragraph, means any land subject to the payment of revenue, for which the proprietor or farmer or raiyat shall have executed a separate engagement to Government or which, in the absence of such engagement, shall have been separately assessed with revenue:

(e)                            for houses and gardens -  where the subject-matter is a house or garden --- according to market value of the house or garden:

(vi)      to enforce a right of pre-emption - in suits to enforce a right  of pre-emption according to the value ( computed in accordance with paragraph V of this section) of the land, house or garden in respect of which the right is claimed:

(vii)     for interest of assignee of land revenue - in suits for the interest of an assignee of land revenue--- fifteen times his nett profits as such for the year next before the date of presenting the plaint:

 

(viii)    to set aside an attachment - In suits to set aside an attachment of land or of an interest in land or revenue – according to the amount for which the land or interest was attached :

Provided that, where such amount exceeds the value of the land or interest, the amount of fee shall be computed as if the suit were for the possession of such land or interest:

(ix)      to redeem ; to foreclose; - In suit against a mortgagee for the recovery of the property mortgaged; and in suits by a mortgagee to foreclose the mortgage, or, where the mortgage is made by conditional sale, to have the sale declared absolute according to the principal money expressed to be secured by the instrument of mortgage:

(x)       for specific performance;- In suits for specific performance

(a)                          of  a contact of sale---- according to the amount of the consideration:

(b)                          of a contract of mortgage     according to the amount agreed to be secured:

(c)                          of a contract of lease     according to the aggregate amount of the fine or premium ( if any) and of the rent agreed to be paid during the first  year of the term:

(d)                          of an award    according to the amount or value of the property dispute:

(xi)      between landlord and tenant - in the following suits between landlord and tenant:-

(a)                         for the delivery by a tenant of the counterpart of a lease,

(b)                        to enhance the rent of a tenant having right of occupancy,

(c)                        for the delivery by a landlord of a lease,

[(cc)] for the recovery of immovable property from a tenant including a tenant holding over after the determination of a tenancy,]

(d )      to contest a notice of ejectment,

(e)       to recover the occupancy of [immovable property [a12] ] from which a tenant has been illegally ejected by the landlord, and

(f)       for abatement of rent---

according to the amount of the rent of the [immovable property [a13] ] to which the suit refers payable for the year next before the date of presenting the plaint

8.      Fees on memorandum of appeal against order relating to compensation - The amount of fee payable under this Act on a memorandum of appeal against an order relating to compensation under any Act[a14]  for the time being in force for the acquisition of land for public purposes shall be computed according to the difference between the amount awarded and the amount claimed by the appellant.

9.      Powers to ascertain nett profits or market-value - If the court sees reason to think that the annual nett profits or the market- value of any such land, house or garden as is mentioned in section 7, paragraphs 5 and 6, have or has been wrongly estimated, the Court may, for the purpose of computing the fee payable in any suit their in mentioned, issue a commission to  any proper person directing him to make such local or other investigation as may be necessary , and to report thereon to the court.

10.       Procedure where nett profits or market- value wrongly estimated - (i) If in the result of any such investigation the Court finds that the nett profits or market-value have or has been wrongly estimated, the court, if the estimation has been excessive, may in its discretion refund the excess paid as such fee: but, if the estimation has been insufficient, the Court shall require the plaintiff to pay so much additional fee as would have been payable had the said market value or nett profits been rightly estimated

        (ii) In such case the suit shall be stayed until the additional fee is paid, If the additional fee is not paid within such time as the Court Shall  fix, the suit shall  be dismissed.

        { Clause (iii) was repealed by the Repealing and Amending Act, 1891 9 12 of 1891)

11.  Procedure in suits for mesne profits or account when amount decreed exceeds amount claimed - In suits for mesne profits or for immovable property and mesne profits, or for an account, if the profits or amount decreed are or is in excess of the profits claimed or the amount at which the plaintiff valued the relief sought, the decree shall not be executed until the difference between the fee actually paid and the fee which would have been payable  had the suit comprised the whole of the profits or mount so decreed shall have been paid to the proper officer.

        Where the amount of mesne profits is left to be  ascertained in the course of the execution of the decree, if the profits so ascertained exceed the profits claimed, the further execution of the decree shall be stayed until the difference between the fee actually paid and the fee which would have been payable had the suit comprised the whole of the profits so ascertained is paid. If the additional fee is not paid within such time as the court Shall fix, the suit shall be dismissed.

12.  Decision of questions as to evaluation – (i) Every question relating to valuation for the purpose of determining the amount of any fee chargeable under this chapter on a plaint or memorandum of appeal shall be decided by the Court in which such plaint or memorandum , as the case may be, is filed , and such decision shall be final as between the parties to the suit.

         (ii) But whenever any such suit comes before a Court of appeal, reference or  revision , if such Court considers that the said question has been wrongly decided to the detriment of the revenue, it shall require the party by whom such fee has been paid to pay so much additional fee as would have been payable had  the question been rightly decided, and the provisions of section 10, paragraph (ii), shall apply.

13.  Refund of fee paid on memorandum of appeal - If an appeal or plaint , which has been rejected by the Lower Court on any of the grounds mentioned in the Code of Civil Procedure[a15] , is ordered to be received , or if a suit is remanded in appeal, on any of the grounds mentioned in  section 351 [a16] of the same Code for a second decision by the Lower court, the Appellate Court shall grant to the appellant a certificate, authorizing him to receive back from the collector the full amount of fee paid on the memorandum of appeal:

        Provided that  if , in the case of a remand in appeal, the order of remand shall not cover the whole of the subject matter of the suit, the certificate so granted shall not authorize the appellant to receive back more than so much fee as would have been originally payable on the part or parts of such subject-matter in respect whereof the suit has been remanded.

14.  Refund of fee on application for review of judgement - Where an application for a review of judgement is presented on or after the ninetieth day from the date of the decree, the Court, unless the delay was  caused by the applicant’s laches, may, in its descretion, grant him a certificate authorising him to receive back from the Collector so much of the fee paid on the application as exceeds the fee which would have been payable had it been presented before such day.[a17] 

15.  Refund where court reverses or modifies its former decision on ground of mistake - Where an application for a review of judgement is admitted, and where, on the rehearing, the Court reverses or modifies its former decision on the ground of mistake in law or fact, the applicant shall be entitled to a certificate from the Court authorizing him to receive back from the Collector so much of the fee paid on the application[a18]  as exceeds the fee payable on any other application to such Court under the second schedule to this Act, No. 1, Clause (b) or clause (d).

        But nothing in the former part of this section shell entitle the applicant to such a certificate where the reversal or modification is due, wholly or in part, to fresh evidence which might have been produced at the original hearing.

16.  [Additional fee where respondent takes objection to unappealed part of decree. ] Rep. Act V of 1908.

17.  Multifarious suits - Where a suit embraces two or more distinct subject, the plaint or memorandum of appeal shall be chargeable with the aggregate amount of the fees to which the paints or memoranda of appeal in suits embracing separately each of such subjects should be liable under this Act.

        Nothing in the former part of this section shall be deemed to affect the power conferred by the Code of Civil Procedure, section 9[a19] .

18.  Written examinations of complaints - When the first or only examination of a person who complains of the offence of the wrongful confinement or of wrongful restraint, or of any offence other than an offence for which police-officers may arrest without a warrant, and who has not already presented a petition on which a fee has been levied under this Act, is reduced to writing under the provisions of the Code of Criminal Procedure, [a20] the complainant shall pay a fee of one rupee [a21] unless the Court thinks fit to remit such payment.{ v of 1898}

19.  Exemption of certain documents - Nothing contained in this Act shall render the following documents chargeable with any fee:-

(i)        Power –of – attorney to institute or defend a suit when executed by an officer, warrant – officer, non- commissioned officer or private of Her Majesty’s Army not in civil employment.

(ii)       [Rep, by the Repeating and Amending Act, 1891 ( XII of 1891­)]

(iii)      Written statements called for by the court  after the first hearing of a suit.

(iv)      [Rep. By the Cantonments Act, 1889 (XIII of 1889 ).][a22] 

(v)       Plaints in suits tried by Village Munsifs in the Presidency of Fort St. George.

(vi)                                 Plaints and process in suit before District Panchayats in the same Presidency.

(vii)                                Plaints in suits before Collectors under Madras Regulation XII of 1816.

(viii)                              Probate of will , letters of administration , and save as regards debts and securities , a certificate under Bombay Regulation VIII of 1827, where the amount or value of the property in respect of which the probate or letters or certificate shall be granted does not exceed one thousand rupees

(ix)                                 Application or petition to a Collector or other officer making settlement of land revenue, or to a Board of Revenue, or a Commissioner of Revenue, relating to matters connected with assessment of land or the ascertainment  of rights thereto or interests therein, if presented previous to the final confirmation of such settlement.

(x)                                   Application relating to a supply for irrigation of water belonging to Government.

(xi)                                 Application for leave to extend cultivation, or to relinquish land, when presented to an officer of land-revenue by a person holding under direct engagement with Government, land of which the revenue is settled, but not permanently.

(xii)                                Application for service of notice of relinquishment of land or of enhancement of rent.

(xiii)                              Written authority to an agent to distrain.

(xiv)                              First application )other than a petition containing a criminal charge or information_ for the summons of a witness or other person to attend either to give evidence or to produce a document, or in respect of the production or filing of an exhibit not being an affidavit made for the immediate purpose of being produced in Court.

(xv)                               Bail –bonds in criminal cases, recognizances to prosecute or give evidence, and recognizances for personal appearance or otherwise .

(xvi)                              Petition , application, charge or information respecting any offence when presented , made or laid to or before a police-officer, or to or before the Heads of Villages or the Village Police in the territories respectively subject to the Governors in Councils of Madras and Bombay.

(xvii)                            Petition by a prisoner, or  other person in duress or under restraint of any Court or its officers.

(xviii)                          Complaint of a public servant (as defined in the Indian Penal Code), a municipal officer, or an officer or servant of a Railway Company.{XLV of 1860}

(xix)                              Application for permission to cut timer in Government forests , or otherwise relating to such forests.

(xx)                                Application for the payment of money due by Government to the applicant .

(xxi)                              Petition of appeal against the chaukidari assessment under Act XX of 1856, or against any municipal tax.

(xxii)                            Applications for compensation under any law for the time being in force relating to the acquisition [a23] of property for public purposes.

(xxiii)                          Petitions presented to the Special Commissioner appointed under Bengal Act II of 1869 (to ascertain, regulate and record certain tenures in Chota Nagpore).

(xxiv)                           [petitions under the Indian Christian Marriage Act, 1872 , sections 45 and 48.][a24] 

 

CHAPTER 3-A

PROBATES, LETTERS OF ADMINISTRATION AND ERTIFICATE OF ADMINISTRATION.

19-A.   Relief where too high a court-fee has been paid. - Where any person on applying for the probate of a will or letters of administration has estimated the property of the deceased to be of greater value than the same has afterwards proved to be, and has consequently paid too high a court-fee thereon, if, within six months after the true value of the property has been ascertained , such person produces the probate or letters to the Chief Controlling revenue authority [for the local area[a25] ] in which the probate or letters have been granted, and delivers to such Authority a particular inventory and valuation of the property of the deceased, verified by affidavit or affirmation, and if such Authority is satisfied that a greater fee was paid on the probate or letters than the law required, the said Authority may---

(a)                         cancel the stamp on the probate or letters if such stamp has not been already cancelled;

(b)                        substitute another stamp for denoting the court-fee which should have been paid thereon; and

(c)                        make an allowance for the difference between them as in the case of spoiled stamps, or repay the same in money, at his discretion .

19-B.      Relief where debts due from a deceased person have been paid out of his estate - Where it is proved to the satisfaction of such Authority that an executor or administrator has paid debtor due form the deceased to such an amount as, being deducted out of the amount as , being deducted out of the amount or value of the estate, reduces the same to a sum which, if it has been the whole gross amount or value of the estate, would have occasioned a less court-fee to be paid on the probate or letters of administration granted in respect of such estate than has been actually paid thereon under this Act, such authority may return the difference, provided the  same be claimed within three years after the date of such probate or letters,        But when, by reason of any legal proceeding, the debts due from the deceased have not bee ascertained and paid, or his effects have not been recovered and made available, and in consequence thereof the executor or administrator is prevented from claiming the return of such difference within the said term of three years, the said Authority may allow such further time for making the claim as may appear to be reasonable under the circumstances.

19-C.   Relief in case of several grants. - Whenever{the word “such repealed by the Repealing and Amending Act, 1891(12 of 1891).} a grant of probate or letters of administration has been or is made in respect of the whole of the property belonging to an estate, and the full fee chargeable under this Act has been or is paid thereon , no fee shall be chargeable under the same Act when a like grant is made in respect of the whole or any part of the same property belonging to the same estate.

        Whenever such a grant has been or is made in respect of any property forming part of an estate, the amount of fees then actually paid under this Act shall be deducted when a like grant is made in respect of property belonging to same estate, identical with or including the property to which the former grant relates.

19-D.   Probates declared valid as to trust-property though not covered by court-fee - The probate of the will or the letters of administration of the effects of any person deceased heretofore or hereafter granted shall be deemed valid and available by his executors or administrators for immovable property whereof or whereto the deceased was possessed or entitled , either wholly or partially as a trustee, nothwith standing the amount or value of such property is not included in the amount or value of the estate in respect of which a court-fee was paid on such probate or letters of administration.

19-E[a26] .   Provision for case where too low a court-fee has been paid on probates, etc. - Where any person on applying for probate or letters of administration has  estimated the estate of the deceased to be of less value than the same has afterwards proved to be, and has in consequence paid too low a court-fee thereon, the Chief controlling Revenue authority [for the local area[a27] ] in which the probate or letters has or have been granted may , on the value of the estate of the deceased being verified by affidavit or affirmation, cause the probate or letters of administration to be duly stamped on payment of the full court-fee which ought  to have been originally paid thereon. In respect of such  value and of the further penalty,  if the probate or letters is or are produced within one year from the date of the grant, of five times, or, if it or they is or are produced after one year from such date, of twenty times, such proper court-fee, without  any deduction of the court-fee originally paid on such probate or letters:

        Provided that , if the application be made within six months after the ascertainment of the true value of the estate and the discovery that too low a court-fee was a t first paid on the probate or letters, and if the said authority is satisfied that such fee was paid in consequence of a mistake or of its not being known at the time that some particular part of the estate belonging to the deceased, and without any intention of fraud or to delay the payment of the proper court fee, the said Authority may remit the said penalty and cause the probate or letters to be duly stamped on payment only of the sum wanting to make up the fee which should have been at first thereon.

19-F.   Administrator to give proper security before letters stamped under section 19-E - In case of letters of administration on which too low a court-fee has been paid at first, the said Authority shall not cause the same to be duly stamped in manner  aforesaid  until the administrator has given such security to the court by which the letters of administration have been granted as ought by law to have been given on the granting there of in case the full value of the estate of the deceased had been then ascertained .

19-G[a28] .   Executors, etc, not paying full court-fee on probates, etc, within six months after discovery of under-payment. -Where too low a court-fee has been paid on any probate or letters of administration  in consequence of any mistake , or of its not being known at the time that some particular part of the estate belonged to the deceased, if any executor or administrator acting under such probate or letters does not within six months {The words and figures “after the first day of April 1875, or “ sere repealed by the Repealing  and Amending Act, 1891(12 of 1891)}  after the discovery of the mistake or of any affects not known at time to have belonged to the deceased , apply to the said Authority and pay what is wanting to make up the court-fee which ought to have been paid at first such probate or letters, he shall forfeit the sum of one thousand rupees and also a further sum at the rate of ten rupees per cent. on the amount of the sum wanting to make up proper court-fee.

19-H.   Notice of applications for probate or letters of administration to be given to Revenue authorities, and procedure thereon.[a29]  – (1) Where an application for probate or letters of administration is made to any Court other than a High Court, the Court shall cause notice of the application to be given to the Collector.

(2)       Where such an application as aforesaid is made to a High Corut, the High Court shall cause notice of the application to be given to the Chief Controlling Revenue-authority [for the local area in which the High Court is situated].

(3)       The Collector within the local limits of whose revenue-jurisdiction the property of the deceased, or any part thereof, is, may at any time inspect or cause to be inspected, and take or cause to be taken copies of, the record of any case in which application for probate or letters of administration has been made; and if on such inspection or otherwise, he is of opinion that the petitioner has under-estimated the value of he property of the deceased, the Collector may, if he thinks fit, require the attendance of the petitioner (either in person or by agent) and take evidence and inquire into the matter in such manner as he may think fit, and, if he is still of opinion that he value of the property has been under-estimated may requie the petitioner to amend the valuation.

(4)       If the petitioner does not amend the valuation to the satisfaction of the Collector, the Collector may move the Court before which the application for probate or letters of administration was made, to hold an inquiry into the true value of the property :

Provided that no such motion shall be made after the expiration of six months from the date of the exhibition of the inventory required by section 277 of the Indian Succession Act, 1865, or, as the case may be, by section 98 of he Probate and Administration.

(5)       The Court when so moved as aforesaid, shall hold, or cause to be held, an enquiry accordingly, and shall record a finding as to the true value, as near as may be, at which the property of the deceased should have been estimated.  The Collector shall be deemed to be a party to the inquiry.

(6)       For the purposes of any such inquiry, the Court or person authorized by the Court to hold the enquiry may examine the petitioner for probate or letters of administration on oath (whether in person or by commission), and may take such further evidence as may be produced to prove the true value of the property.  The person authorized as aforesaid to hold the inquiry shall return to the Court the evidence taken by him and report the result of the inquiry, and such report and the evidence so taken shall be evidence in he proceeding, and the Court may record a finding in accordance with the reqport, unless it is satisfied that it is erroneous.

(7)       The finding of the Court recorded under sub-section (5) shall be final, but shall not bar the entertainment and disposal by the Chief Controlling Revenue authority of any application under section 19-E.

(8)       The Local Government may make rules for the guidance of Cllectors in the exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (3).

19-I.    Payment  of court-fees in respect of probates and letters of administration. - (1)         No order entitling  the petitioner to the grant of probate or letters of administration shall be made upon an application for such grant until the petitioner has field in the court a valuation of the property in the form set forth in the third schedule ,and the Court is satisfied that the fee mentioned in No. 11 of the first schedule has been paid on such valuation.

           (2)       The grant of Probate or letters of administration shall not be delayed by reason of any motion made by the Collector under section 19
–H sub section 94).

19-J[a30] .    Recovery of penalties, etc. - (1) Any excess fee found to be payable on an inquiry held under section 19-H., subsection 96) , and any penalty or for-feiture  under section 19-G,may, on the certificate of the Chief Controlling Revenue authority, be recovered from the executor or administrator as if it were an arrear of land revenue by any collector in any part of British India.

           (2)       The Chief Controlling Revenue – authority may remit  the whole or nay part of any such penalty or forfeiture as aforesaid , or any part of any penalty under section 19-E or of any court-fee under section 19-E in excess of the full court fee which ought to have been paid.

19-K. [a31]  Sections 6 and 28 not  to apply to probates or letters of administrations - Nothing in section 6 or section 28 shall apply to probates or letters of administration .

 

CHAPTER 4

PROCESS –FEES

20.  Rules as to cost of process  - The High Court shall, as soon as may be , make rules as to the following  matters:-

           (i)        The fees chargeable  for serving and executing process issued by such Court in its appellate jurisdiction , and by the other Civil {In the Punjab the words “ and revenue” are repealed, see the Punjab Land Revenue Act, 1887 (17 of 1187), section 2 and Schedule} Courts established within the local limits of such jurisdiction;

           (ii)       The fees chargeable for serving and executing process issued by the criminal Courts established within such limits in the case of offences other than offences for which police-officers may arrest without a warrant ; and

           (iii)      The remuneration of the peons and all other persons employed by leave of a  court in the service or execution of process.

        The High Court may from time to time alter and add to the rules so made

           Confirmation and publication of rules - All such rules, alterations and additions shall, after being confirmed by the Local Government {The words “and sanctioned by the Governor –General of India in Council “ were repealed by the Devaluation Act ( 38 of 1920), section 2 and Schedule I } be published in the local official Gazette , and shall thereupon have the force of law

           Until such rules shall be so made and published , the fees now leviable for serving and executing process shall continue to be levied, and  shall be deemed to be fees leviable under this Act.

21.  Tables of process–fees. - A table in the English and Vernacular languages, showing the fees chargeable for such service and execution, shall be exposed to view in a conspicuous part of each court .

22.  Number of peons in District and subordinate Courts. And . Number of  peons in  Mofussil small cause Courts. -  Subject to rules to be made by the High Court and approved by the Local Government {The words” and sanctioned by the Governor -General of India in Council “ were repealed by the Devolution Act 9 3 of 1920), section 2 and schedule I}

        every district Judge and Magistrate of a District shall fix, any may  from time to time alter, the number of peons necessary to be employed for the service and execution of process  issued out of his Court and each of the Courts subordinate thereto , and for the purpose of this section every Court of small causes established under Act No. XI of 1865 [a32] (  to consolidate and amend the law relating to Courts of small cause beyond the local limits of the ordinary  original civil jurisdiction of the High Courts of Jurisdiction )  shall be deemed to be subordinate  to the Court of the District Judge.

23.  Rep. by section 2 and Schedule of the Punjab Land Revenue Act, 1887(XVII of 187).

24.  Rep. by the Repealing and Amending Act, 1891 ( XII of 1891).

 

CHAPTER 5

OF THE MODE OF LEVYING FEES.

25.  Collection of fees by stamps. - All fees referred to in section 3 or chargeable under this Act shall be collected by stamps.

26.  Stamps to be impressed or adhesive. - The stamps used to denote any fees chargeable under this Act shall be impressed or adhesive or party impressed and partly adhesive  as the [ Local Government] [a33] may, by notification in the [ local official Gazette[a34] ] , form time to time direct.

27.  Rules for supply , number, renewal and keeping accounts of stamps. - The Local Government may, from time to time make rules for regulating –

(a)                         the supply of stamps to be used under this Act,

(b)                        the number of stamps to be used for denoting any fee chargeable under this act,

(c)                        the renewal of damaged or spoiled stamps, and

(d)                        the keeping accounts of all stamps used under this Act:

        Provided that in the case of stamps used under section 3 in High Court, such rules shall be made with the concurrence of the Chief Justice of Such Court.

        All such rules shall be published in the local official Gazette, and shall thereupon  have the force of law.

28.  Stamping documents in advertently received - No document which ought to bear a stamp under this Act shall be of any validity, unless and until it is properly stamped

        But, if any such document is through mistake or inadvertence received , field or used in any Court or office without being properly stamped, the presiding Judge or the head of the office, as the case may be , or, in the case of a High Court, any Judge of such Court, may, if he thinks  fit, order that such document be stamped as he may direct; and, on such document being stamped accordingly, the same and every proceeding relative thereto shall be as valid as if it had been properly stamped in the first instance.

29.  Amended documents. - Where any such document is amended in order merely to correct a mistake and to make it conform to the original intention of the parties, it shall not be necessary to impose a fresh stamp.

30.  Cancellation of Stamp. - No document requiring a stamp under this Act shall be field or acted upon in any proceeding in any Court or office until the stamp has been cancelled .

        Such officer as the Court or the head of the office may from time to time appoint shall, on receiving any such document, forthwith effect such cancellation by punching out the figure – head so as to leave the amount designated on the stamp untouched , and the part removed by punching shall be burnt or otherwise destroyed.

 

CHAPTER 6

MISCELLANEOUS

31.  Repealed by section 163 of Act XVIII of 1923.

32.  [Rep. by the Repealing and Amending Act, 1891 (XII of 1891.]

33.  Admission in criminal cases of documents for which proper fee has not been paid. - Whenever the filing or exhibition in a criminal court of a document in respect of which the proper fee has not bee paid is, in the opinion of the presiding Judge, necessary to prevent a failure of justice, nothing contained in section 4 or section 6 shall be deemed to prohibit such filing or exhibition.

34[a35] .      Sale of stamps. (1)   The  Local Government  may, form time to time , make rules for regulating the sale of stamps to be used under this Act, the persons by whom alone such sale is to be conducted, and the duties and remuneration of such person

(2)             All such rules shall be published in the local official Gazette, and shall  thereupon  have the force of law.

(3)             Any person appointed to sell stamps  who disobeys any rule made under this section, and any person not so appointed who sells or offers for sale any stamps, shall be punished with imprisonment for term which may extend to six months, or with  fine which may extend to five hundred rupees , or with both.

35.  Power to reduce or remit fees. - The [Local Government] may , from time to time by notification in the [Local official Gazette] reduce or remit in the whole or in any part of [ the territories under its administration], all or any of the fees mentioned in the first and second schedules to this Act. Annexed, and may in like manner cancel or vary such order.

36.  Saving of fees to certain officers of High Courts Nothing in Chapter II and  V of this Act applies to the commission payable to the Accountant-General  of the High Court at Fort William , or to the fees which any officer of a High Court is allowed to received in addition to a fixed salary.

 

Contents    Next


 [a1]The present s. 2 was added by s. 2 of the Court-fees ( Amendment ) Act, 1901( 10 of 1901). The original section relating to repeal of enactments was  repealed by the Repealing Act, 1870 ( 14 of 1870).

 [a2]These words were inserted by Act 24 of 1917, schedule I.

 [a3]To be constructed now as “ Governor,” see s. 31 of the General Clauses Act, 1897).

 [a4]These words were substituted for the word “ Bengal “ by Act 24 of 1917, Schedule I

 [a5]These provinces are now known as United Provinces of Agra and Oudh and the Lieutenant –Governor and Chief Commissioner as the Governor of those provinces, see Proclamation No 996-P., dated the 22nd March 1902, Gazette of India, 1902, Pt. I., page 228, and the United provinces Designation Act, 1902 ( 7 of 1902), and s. 31 of the General Clauses, 1897( 10 of 1897).

 [a6]Substitute for the words “ judgement of two” by section 2 of Act;  9 of 1922.

 [a7]As to the validation of suits for the purpose of determining the jurisdiction of Courts, see the Suits Validation Act, 1887 ( 7 of 1887)

 [a8]substituted for the word “five” by section 49 of  the Punjab  Courts Act, 1918 ( 6 of 1918).

 [a9]Substituted for the word “five” by Bombay Act, 2 of 1932, section 12©.

 [a10]Substituted by Bombay Act, 2 of 1932, section 12 ©

 [a11]Substituted by Bombay Act, 2 of 1932, section 12 ©

 [a12]This clause was inserted by the Court-fees(Amendment) Act, 1905( 6 of 1905), section 2(1)

 [a13]these words were substituted for the word ”land” by section 292) of the Courtfee(Amendment)Act, 1905(6 of 1905)

 [a14]see now the Land Acquisition Act, 1894 ( I of 1894)

 [a15]see now Act 5 of 1908

 [a16]see the first schedule, order 41,rule 23 of Act 5 of 1908.

 [a17]See schedule I Nos, 4 and 5 infra.

 [a18]The word “application “ was substituted for the original words “ plaint or memorandum of appeal” by the Court-fees(Amendment) Act, 1870(20 of 1870) Section 1.

 [a19]See now the code of civil Procedure , 1908 ( Act 5 of 1908),Schedule 1, order II rule 6.

 [a20]This  reference should now be read as referring to the Code of Criminal Procedure ( Act 5 of 1898) See section 3 of that Act.

 [a21]These words were substituted for the words “ eight annas” by section 4 of Punjab Act, 7 of 1922.

 [a22]This reference should now be read as referring to the Cantonments Act, 1924( 2 of 1924).

 [a23]See now land Acquisition Act, 1894 ( I of 1894).

 [a24]This clause was substitute for the original clause by the Indian Christian Marriage Act, 1872 ( 15 of 1872),section 2.

 [a25]Substitute for the words” of  the province” by section 3(1) of the Court –fees ( Amendment) Act, 1901 ( 10 of 1901).

 [a26]As to power of Chief Controlling Revenue authority to remit the whole or part of any penalty of forfeiture payable under section 19-E , see the Probate and Administration Act, 1889 9 6 of 1889), section 20(2).

 [a27]Substituted for the words “of the province” by section 3(1) of the Court-fees (Amendment) Act, 1901(10 of 1901).

 [a28]As to recovery of penalties for forfeiture under section 19-G , see infra, s.19-J.

 [a29]sections 19-H.19I,19J and 19K were inserted by the Court – fee ( Amendment ) Act, 1899 ( 11 of 1899 ) , section 2.

 [a30]sections 19-H.19I,19J and 19K were inserted by the Court – fee ( Amendment ) Act, 1899 ( 11 of 1899 ) , section 2.

 

 [a31]sections 19-H.19I,19J and 19K were inserted by the Court – fee ( Amendment ) Act, 1899 ( 11 of 1899 ) , section 2.

 

 [a32]The reference to Act 11 of 1865 should now be read as the Provincial Small Cause Courts Act, 1887 ( 9 of 1887), section 292) and (3).

 [a33]These words were substituted for the original words “ Governor – General of India in Council “ by  the Devolution Act ( 38 of 1920), section 2 and Schedule I.

 [a34]These words were substituted for the words “ Gazette of India “ by the Devolution Act ( 38 of 1920), Section 2 and Schedule I.

 [a35]This section was substituted for the original section by the Repealing and Amending Act, ( 12 of 1891).