Other Handicrafts

 

In 1967-68, 53 units were engaged in different handicrafts whose out put was worth 7.89 lakhs of rupees and gave employment to 154 workers.

 

(h)  Role of Industrial Co-operatives

 

            Industrial co-operatives are of paramount importance in villages where the industries are run by the members of a family or by individuals. The individuals single-handedly cannot run them efficiently. They face difficulties in matters of finance, equipment and procurement of raw material and also in marketing the produce. If all the workers unite and form co-operative societies, such hurdles are mostly overcome. The co-operative societies can get many types of facilities from private as well as from public sectors. These societies purchase raw materials in bulk, and so the prices charged are lowered, as these materials can be purchased from the wholesalers. Similarly, the products are disposed of at reasonable prices. A part from these advantages, credit facilities are also given by private entrepreneurs. The State Government  gives subsidies, grants in aid and loans to the co-operative societies for the purchase of machinery, equipment, etc.

            There has been much improvement in the development of industrial co-operatives in the district after they came under the control of the Industries  Department in 1963. The State Industries Department grants them timely financial help in the form of loans, subsidies and quotas of various commodities. The membership of the industrial co- operatives  in the district rose from 3,465 in 1963-64 to 4,273 in 1967-68.  The items manufactured by the industrial co-operatives are handloom goods, radios, agricultural implements, stationery goods, engineering goods, motor and cycle parts, hosiery goods, oil and soap, gur and khandsari, spray pumps, and handicrafts.

 

            The following table shows the development of the industrial co-operatives in the district during 1963-64 to 1967-68:

 

Year

Number of industrial co-operatives

Membership

Share Capital

Working capital

Production

Sales

 

1963-64

1964-65

1965-66

1966-67

1967-68

 

287

309

314

323

315

 

(Rs)

3,465

3,990

4,052

4,279

4,273

(Rs)

10,22,495

12,63,588

12,97,198

15,13,957

16,71,929

(Rs)

30,30,653

33,44,476

35,62,464

39,36,858

41,25,131

(Rs)

34,05,075

32,89,615

37,57,299

40,39,318

38,74,375

(Rs)

33,76,858

33,56,093

37,51,797

32,94,113

25,67,345

 

(Source: Industrial Assistant Registrar, Co-operative Societies, Amritsar)

 

            The Government  has always encouraged the industrial co-operative societies. It provided the following financial assistance to these societies through various schemes during 1963-64 to 1967-68:

 

Year

Name of the Scheme

Share capital loan

Improved appliances loan

Loans for the introduction of powerlooms

Share participation by the Government in the industrial co-operative societies

 

 

1963-64

1964-65

1965-66

1966-67

1967-68

 

(Rs)

 

------

1,275

825

975

------

(Rs)

 

11,040

5,566

4,088

2,893

3,996

(Rs)

 

------

------

------

1,32,000

-----

 

(Rs)

 

------

------

------

69,000

------

 

(Source: Industrial Assistant Registrar, Co-operative Societies, Amritsar)

            Besides the Government, the Co-operative Bank also advance loans to the industrial co-operatives. The Government has also started another scheme, viz. the Credit- Facility Scheme, under which the industrial co-operatives get loans from the banks. The funds for this purpose are provided by the Government to the banks.

 

            Since  1963, the industrial co-operative societies are under the administrative control of the Director of Industries, Punjab, Chandigarh. Previously, these societies were under the control of the Registrar, Co-operative Societies, Punjab,  Chandigarh. At the district level, the Industrial Assistant Registrar, Co-operative Societies, Amritsar, looks after them.

 

            The details regarding the loans and subsidies advanced to the industrial co-operative societies during the years 1966-67 and 1967-68 are given below:

 

Particulars

1966-67

1967-68

Loan

Subsidy

Loan

Subsidy

Rs.

Rs.

Rs.

Rs

Weavers Societies

 

Small-Scale Industries Societies

 

Khadi Industries

 

Handicraft Societies

 

Sericulture

4,59,886

 

4,00,983

 

1,82,862

 

---------

 

3,400

 

19,753

 

5,100

 

-------

 

4,800

 

------

 

 

5,71,934

 

3,78,889

 

1,85,957

 

---------

 

3,400

5,700

 

10,648

 

--------

 

7,200

 

-------

 

 

(Source: Industrial Asistant Registrar, Co-operative Societies, Amritsar)

 

(i) Labour and Employers  Organizations

 

            Labour Organizations.__  The labour for the Amritsar industries comes either from the city itself or from the neighbouring villages. Their dwellings spread over the whole city. The demand for skilled labour  is met through the institutions, viz. Dayanand Polytechnic, Punjab Institute of Textile Technology, Government  Institute of Garment Technology and the Government Industrial Training Institutes.

 

            The following is the list of registered industrial workers’ unions in the district:

Serial No.

Name and address of the union

Date of registration

1.       

Surgical Dressing Labour Union, Chheharta.

17th  March, 1951

2.       

Surgical Dressing Company Mazdoor Union, Chheharta

17th  March, 1951

3.       

Distillery  Mazdoor  Union, Amritsar

13th  May, 1953

4.       

National Mechanical Labour Union, Amritsar

19th  January,1954

5.       

Textile Mazdoor Ekta Union, Amritsar

28th April, 1954

6.       

Kapur Silk and  Weaving Mills Mazdoor Union, Amritsar

27th September, 1954

7.        

Textile Labour Association, Amritsar

16th March, 1955

8.       

Iron & Steel Workers’ Union, Amritsar

10th June, 1955

9.       

Amritsar Sugar Mill Mazdoor Union, Chheharta

23rd  February, 1956

10.   

Paints, Colour and Chemical Industries Workers’ Union, Amritsar.

4th May, 1957

11.   

Embroidery Mazdoor Union, Chheharta

6th June, 1957

12.   

Universal Screw Factory Mazdoor Sangh, Chheharta

5th July, 1957

13.   

Federation of Working Embroidery and Lace Industry, Amritsar

17th July, 1957

14.   

Textile Mazdoor Sangh, Amritsar

8th August,1957

15.   

Calico Printing Mills’ Mazdoor Union, Amritsar

28th August,1957

16.   

Textile Workers’ Union, Amritsar

10th December,1957

17.   

Surgical Dressing Labour Union, Amritsar

21st February, 1958

18.   

Chemical and Medical Workers’ Union, Amritsar

8th January,1959

19.   

Chemical Workers’ Union, Amritsar

8th January,1959

20.   

Amritsar Metal & General Mazdoor Union, Amritsar

9th January,1959

21.   

Shambhu Nath & Sons Workers’ Union, Amritsar

4th October,1959

22.   

Rayon & Silk Mills Labour Union, Amritsar

20th  April 1961

23.   

Amritsar Textile Labour  Union, Amritsar

21st June, 1961

24.   

Vishvakarma Thathera Workers’ Union, Jandiala Guru

11th May, 1962

25.   

Amritsar Rayon & Silk Mill  Mazdoor  Union, Amritsar

7th/8th August, 1962

26.     

Amritsar Textile Karamchari Sabha, Amritsar

29th August,1962

27.   

Punjab Distilling Industry Mazdoor Union, Chheharta

24th September, 1962

28.   

Mechanical Mazdoor Association, Amritsar

16th March, 1963

29.   

Indian Woollen Textile Mazdoor Union, Chheharta

30th April, 1963

30.   

Rubber Workers’ Union, Amristar

22nd July, 1963

31.   

Amritsar Ara Labour Union, Amritsar

1st January, 1964

32.   

Saco Rubber Industries Workers’ Union, Verka

26th May, 1965

33.   

Amritsar Textile Mistries Union, Amritsar

26th October, 1965

34.   

O.C.M.Workers’ Union, Chheharta

26th December,1966

35.   

Partap Steel Rolling Mill Workers’ Union, Chheharta

24th June, 1967

36.   

Amritsar Glass Workers’ Union, Amritsar

17th July,1967

37.   

O.C.M.Karamchari Sangh, Amritsar

17th  September, 1967

38.   

Textile Mazdoor Sabha, Amritsar

8th November, 1967

39.   

Universal Screw Factory Mazdoor Union, Chheharta

30th December, 1953

 

            Manufacturers’ Associations.__  The Manufacturers’ association, functioning in the district, are given below:

 

1.      Textile Manufacturers’ Association, Amritsar

2.      Amritsar Small-Scale Woollen Manufacturers’ Association Amritsar

 

3.      Punjab Industries and Commerce Association,  Amritsar

 

4.      Punjab Federation of Commerce, Amritsar

 

5.      Punjab Textile Manufacturers’ Association, Amritsar

 

6.      Cottage Industries Association, Amritsar

 

7.      Village Handloom Textile Association, Amritsar

 

8.      Amritsar Small-Scale Industries and Commercial Association, Amritsar

 

9.      Punjab Warp Knitting Association, Amritsar

 

10.  Handloom Shoddy Weavers, and Processors’ Association, Amritsar

 

11.  Screen Printers’ Association, Amritsar

 

12.  Amritsar Rubber Goods Manufacturers’ Association, Amritsar

 

13.  Amritsar Small- Scale Pump Manufacturers’ Association, Amritsar

 

14.  Amritsar Buckets Manufacturers’ Association, Amritsar

 

15.  Amritsar Plastic Goods Manufacturers’ Association,  Amritsar

 

16.  Amritsar Small-Scale Radio Manufacturers’ Association, Amritsar

 

17.  Amritsar Small-Scale Soap Manufacturers’ Association, Amritsar

 

18.  Cottage Paints Manufacturers’ Association,  Amritsar

 

19.  Punjab Paint Manufacturers’ Association, Amritsar

 

20.  Punjab Machinery Manufacturers’ Association, Amritsar

 

21.  Foundry Owners’ Association, Amritsar

 

22.  Amritsar Knitters’ Association, Amritsar

 

23.  Dyestuff Manufacturers’ Association, Amritsar

 

24.  Engineering Industries Association, Amritsar

 

25.  Punjab Thermometer Association, Amritsar

 

 

(j)  Welfare of Industrial Labour

 

            The growth of organized industries and the evolution of an industrial proletariat are of comparatively recent origin in India. The industrial progress in the country in recent years has led to a rapid increase in the number of workers employed in various organized industries. An important feature of the introduction of industrialization was the eagerness of the employers for quick returns and easy profits. Owing to the employers’ desire to extract work from the labourers for as long a time as possible under the most intolerable conditions, various efforts were made to improve the conditions and organize labour in the country. For this purpose, the Government also passed various labour laws from time to time.

            The industrialists, as a class, have generally confined their activities to improve the lot of the labour class in compliance with only the statutory provisions of the law. However, a few of them have taken a number of steps for the betterment of their workers. These steps include educational- cum-recreational holidays  trips, children’s parks, family and children welfare centers, distribution of milk and vitamins to children, women, etc. This subject has been dealt with at length under the section ‘Labour Welfare’ in Chapter XVII, ‘Other Social Services’.

 


APPENDIX

 

Particulars of Industries in the Amritsar Distict

Serial No.

Name of Industry

Year

No. of units

Production

Average employment

Quantity (in lakhs)

Value (in lakhs of rupees)

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

(i) Industries in the Large Scale Sector

1.

Woollen and Silk Textiles

1962-63

15

 

610

5342

1963-64

15

 

726

6016

1964-65

12

Cloth: 31.79 mtres

Yarn: 1202.231 tonnes

337

5478

1965-66

14

 

597.82

3933

1966-67

15

 

812

3599

1967-68

15

 

722

3599

2.

Cotton Textiles

1962-63

1

5.5 lb (yarn)

35.0

295

1963-64

 

 

23.4

362

1964-65

1

 

26.0

307

1965-66

1

Cotton yarn: 394.476 tonnes

Shoddy yarn: 324.456 tonnes

1972

 

 

 

1.94

150

1966-67

1

 

4.81

126

 

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

 

 

1967-68

1

 

6.0

88

3.

Flour-Mills

1962-63

 

 

297

258

1963-64

2

 

346.54

237

1964-65

2

 

196.62

224

1965-66

2

 

106.17

171

1966-67

2

 

223.91

231

1967-68

2

 

92.52

153

4.

Oil Mills

1962-63

1

 

237

180

1963-64

1

 

274

210

1964-65

1

 

319

220

1965-66

1

 

441

233

1966-67

3

 

738

323

1967-68

3

 

703

742

5.

Milk Plant

1964-65

1

 

44.64

456

1965-66

1

 

450.64

456

1966-67

1

 

189.40

286

1967-68

1

 

86.48

278

6.

Chemicals

1962-63

1

 

39.4

239

1963-64

1

 

35.7

257

1964-65

1

 

21

195

1965-66

1

 

38

175

1966-67

2

 

87

293

1967-68

2

 

20

276

7.

Wood and Machine Screws

1962-63

1

 

29.00

260

1963-64

1

 

26.40

223

1964-65

1

 

26.10

211

1965-66

1

 

35.30

294

1966-67

1

 

22.43

178

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

 

 

1967-68

1

 

22.86

172

8.

Distilling

1962-63

1

 

23.50

328

 

 

1963-64

1

 

35.30

340

1964-65

1

 

-----

-----

1965-66

1

 

35.64

310

1966-67

1

 

22.48

274

1967-68

1

 

16.71

258

(ii) Industries in the Small Scale Sector

9.

Wood and Machine Screws

1962-63

23

 

21.25

625

1963-64

23

 

21.75

647

1964-65

23

 

21.87

658

1965-66

23

 

18.50

575

1966-67

24

 

19.10

582

 

 

1967-68

42

5310900 gross

55.11

230

10.

Chemicals (Pharmaceutical)

1962-63

10

 

10.9

124

1963-64

10

 

11.35

137

1964-65

10

 

13.39

137

1965-66

10

 

12.25

125

1966-67

10

 

12.30

132

1967-68

14

 

12.67

84

11.

Cycle and Cycle Parts

1962-63

20

 

---

230

1963-64

20

 

9.00

235

1964-65

18

 

8.39

219

1965-66

18

 

9.29

222

1966-67

21

 

9.60

230

1967-68

26

 

9.22

180

12.

Sewing Machine and Parts

1962-63

1

2423 pieces

1

40

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

 

 

1963-64

1

2430 pieces

1

42

1964-65

3

 

3.90

39

1965-66

4

 

4.00

42

 

 

1966-67

4

 

3.80

40

1967-68

4

1722 pieces

1.96

17

13.

Machine Tools

1962-63

18

 

23.24

207

1963-64

184

 

175.00

1975

1964-65

180

 

17.36

1945

1965-66

180

 

1.70

1925

1966-67

230

 

1.80

2075

1967-68

215

52134

1.75

2085

14.

Agricultural Implements

1962-63

33

 

18.4

310

1963-64

33

 

18.75

325

1964-65

35

 

1.88

347

1965-66

35

 

13.30

320

1966-67

35

 

11.00

340

1967-68

34

 

29.00

348

15.

Steel Re- Rolling

1962-63

3

6320 tonnes

----

150

1963-64

3

6520 tonnes

----

157

1964-65

3

6580 tonnes

----

157

1965-66

3

5800 tonnes

23.40

145

 

 

1966-67

3

15000 tonnes

25.00

152

1967-68

3

58 tonnes

47.40

260

16.

Non-Ferrous Metals

1962-63

90

 

26.30

392

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

 

 

1963-64

95

 

27.10

407

1964-65

95

 

28.15

419

1965-66

95

 

23.10

365

1966-67

95

 

21.10

340

1967-68

93

 

13.10

349

17.

Nuts and Bolts

1966-67

2

 

6.00

----

1967-68

4

26875 gross

2.15

30

18.

Electric Motors

1962-63

1

130 pieces

 

11

1963-64

1

135 pieces

 

13

1964-65

1

2840 pieces

 

20

1965-66

2

3250 pieces

16.25

35

1966-67

4

3350 pieces

16.45

40

1967-68

9

1635 pieces

6.05

39

19.

Electric Fans

1962-63

2

1120 pieces

 

59

1963-64

2

2620 pieces

 

75

1964-65

3

2840 pieces

 

80

1965-66

3

3175 pieces

4.87

98

1966-67

5

3275  pieces

5.00

110

1967-68

5

3931 pieces

5.95

67

20.

Glass Beads

1962-63

10

 

1.7

59

1963-64

20

 

2.13

75

1964-65

20

 

2.15

125

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

 

 

1965-66

20

 

1.95

105

1966-67

21

 

2.00

112

21.

Power-loom-Weaving

1962-63

864

 

1350

9800

1963-64

1004

 

1500

10960

1964-65

1205

 

1500

11975

1965-66

1297

 

1310

12000

 

 

1966-67

1352

113500000 metres

1243

12200

1967-68

1205

 

738

11100

22.

Cotton- Ginning

1962-63

27

29,723 bales

 

920

1963-64

27

27620 bales

 

1070

1964-65

27

27934 bales

 

1037

1965-66

27

25500 bales

76.50

980

1966-67

27

25600 bales

75.90

960

1967-68

27

11 lakh bales

77.0

972

23.

Radios and Amplifiers

1962-63

119

10000 radios

 

381

1963-64

119

10200 radios

 

385

1964-65

120

10500 radios

33.4

391

1965-66

120

10000 radios

30.0

350

1966-67

144

11080 radios

35.00

382

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

 

 

1967-68

155

11000 radios

23.15

392

24.

Food Products

1962-63

102

 

3.3

452

1963-64

102

 

3.3

455

1964-65

104

 

35.00

460

1965-66

104

 

32.00

435

1966-67

105

 

32.00

425

1967-68

110

 

-----

-----

25.

Hosiery

1962-63

46

 

16.85

210

1963-64

46

 

17.82

270

1964-65

46

 

17.39

270

1965-66

46

 

17.90

275

1966-67

47

 

17.80

264

1967-68

37

 

15.80

230

26.

Paints and Pigments

1962-63

15

 

33.7

147

1963-64

20

 

35.1

162

1964-65

20

 

35.27

165

1965-66

23

 

42.10

252

1966-67

30

 

44.50

270

 

 

1967-68

21

 

32.38

183

27.

Automobile Parts

1962-63

2

 

2.80

29

1963-64

2

 

2.82

31

1964-65

2

 

2.85

31

1965-66

2

 

3.85

42

1966-67

2

 

4.90

54

1967-68

5

 

37.00

260

28.

Dyes and Colours

1962-63

7

 

4.75

57

1963-64

7

 

4.85

59

1964-65

7

 

4.87

62

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

 

 

1965-66

7

 

4.25

55

1966-67

7

 

4.23

52

1967-68

7

65 tonnes

10.32

54

29.

Soap-Manufacturing

1962-63

262

 

1.58

1140

1963-64

262

 

2.00

1144

1964-65

236

 

1.95

1024

1965-66

236

 

1.85

960

1966-67

244

 

80.00

1505

1967-68

190

29250 tonnes

70.00

1340

30.

Lace-Manufacturing

1962-63

12

 

8.00

187

1963-64

12

 

7.80

185

1964-65

12

 

7.82

182

1965-66

12

 

7.10

165

1966-67

12

 

7.40

170

1967-68

11

 

10.00

128

31.

Rubber Industries

1962-63

10

 

25.30

170

1963-64

10

 

26.30

185

1964-65

10

 

25.40

182

1965-66

12

 

22.80

165

1966-67

16

 

22.95

170

1967-68

13

 

19.68

154

32.

Plastic Goods

1962-63

67

 

2.95

206

1963-64

67

 

2.97

210

1964-65

67

 

2.98

216

1965-66

67

 

2.88

207

1966-67

67

 

2.90

221

1967-68

45

 

5.68

158

33.

Musical Instruments

1963-64

34

 

0.80

50

 

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

 

 

1964-65

38

 

1.0

89

1965-66

38

 

0.88

81

1966-67

38

 

0.90

85

1967-68

38

 

0.50

70

(iii) Village Industries

34.

Handloom-Weaving

1962-63

1501

 

----

9800

1963-64

1507

 

------

10200

1964-65

1510

 

465.0

10280

1965-66

2128

 

330.0

8911

1966-67

2128

 

310.0

8813

1967-68

2050

70 lakhs metres

43.4

9706

35.

Oils and Purfumes

1964-65

2

 

2.75

18

1965-66

2

 

2.00

15

1966-67

2

 

2.10

18

1967-68

2

 

4.50

20

36.

Shoes and Leather Goods

1962-63

328

 

22.5

895

1963-64

432

 

26.37

1033

1964-65

434

 

36.25

1040

1965-66

551

 

38.00

1130

1966-67

551

 

38.10

1140

1967-68

580

 

37.55

953

37.

Leather-Tanning

1962-63

85

 

1.70

230

1963-64

90

 

1.75

254

1964-65

93

 

1.90

260

1965-66

93

 

1.95

275

1966-67

93

 

1.98

280

1967-68

90

 

31.50

275

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

38.

Village Ghani-Oil

1962-63

52

 

0.47

200

1963-64

52

 

4.72

204

1964-65

52

 

4.85

207

1965-66

52

 

4.80

205

1966-67

52

 

4.85

210

1967-68

54

 

4.0

215

39.

Ban-making and Rope-making

1962-63

54

 

0.64

109

1963-64

65

 

0.69

152

1964-65

---

 

-----

-----

1965-66

216

 

3.22

217

1966-67

216

 

3.32

223

1967-68

219

 

3.58

221

40.

Gur and khandsari

1962-63

760

 

2.30

1085

1963-64

765

 

2.35

1122

 

 

1964-65

765

 

2.40

1129

1965-66

770

 

2.50

1150

1966-67

750

 

2.45

1142

1967-68

768

 

20.80

1185

Handicrafts

41.

Ivory Goods

1962-63

5

 

2.5

----

1963-64

10

 

3.5

----

1964-65

15

 

4.75

----

1965-66

15

 

4.70

35

1966-67

15

 

4.90

45

1967-68

18

 

6.80

68

42.

Pashmina Goods

1962-63

3

 

2.75

------

1963-64

3

 

3.25

------

1964-65

5

 

3.65

------

1965-66

5

 

3.25

15

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

 

 

1966-67

5

 

3.35

21

43.

Other Handicrafts

1962-63

40

 

2.25

----

1963-64

40

 

2.50

----

1964-65

45

 

10.40

----

1965-66

45

 

10.35

135

1966-67

50

 

10.60

135

1967-68

53

 

7.89

154

           


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