Table of contents

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter

 

 

 

Pages

CHAPTER I

 

GENERAL

 

1

CHAPTER II

 

HISTORY

 

7

CHAPTER III

 

PEOPLE

 

15

CHAPTER IV

 

AGRICULTURE AND IRRIGATION

 

19

CHAPTER V

 

INDUSTRIES

 

30

CHAPTER VI

 

BANKING TRADE AND COMMERCE

 

40

CHAPTER VII

 

COMMUNICATION

 

52

CHAPTER IX

 

ECONOMIC TRADE

 

76

CHAPTER XI

 

REVENUE ADMINISTRATION

 

89

CHAPTER XII

 

LAW AND ORDER AND JUSTICE

 

103

CHAPTER XIV

 

Local Self- Government

 

116

CHAPTER XV

 

Education and culture

 

125

CHAPTER XVI

 

Medical and public health services

 

134

CHAPTER XVII

 

Other social Services

 

150

CHAPTER XVIII

 

 

Public Life and voluntary social service organizations

 

169

 


FOREWORD

 

 

            The revised edition of the Kapurthala district Gazetteer was published in 1984 by the Revenue Department. A Supplement to a District Gazetteer is prepared after 10 years of the publication of the main volume. Thus, this supplement had become due. It is the seventh supplement to be published in the series of Supplements to the District Gazetteers of Punjab. An attempt has been made in the present statistical data as far as possible, besides making additions, wherever necessary.

 

            I hope the present volume would be found useful by the research scholars and the general readers.

 

CHANDIGARH                                                                      MRS SHYAMA MANN

8 September, 2000                                                       Financial Commissioner, Revenue,

                                                                                                            Punjab.


PREFACE

 

A Supplement to a District Gazetteers is an adjunct or continuation of the parent volume. It is published as per the decision of the Government of India taken in 1976 that all ten years old volumes of District Gazetteers must have their supplements giving up-to-date statistical data. In pursuance thereof, the Gazetteers Organisation has so far published six supplements. The Supplement to Kapurthala District Gazetteers is seventh in the series.

 

            The present volume supplements the information contained in the revised edition of Kapurthala District Gazetteers published in 1984. An attempt has been made to bring the information/data up-to-date.

 

            In the preparation of this volume the Gazetteers Organisation has been benefited by the able guidance and encouragement given by the Financial Commissioners, Revenue and other officers of the Department from time to time.

 

            I am grateful to Deputy Commissioner, Kapurthala and other officers of the District Administration for extending whole-hearted co-operation for making available the latest information/data for compilation of this volume.

 

            I am thankful to this staff of Gazetteers Organisation especially Sarvshri Rajinder Kumar Gupta, Editior, Shaminder Singh Bains and Neeraj Kumar Singla, Compilers, Dinesh Bedi, Draftman-cum-Artist for their commendable contribution for the prepration of this volume. I am also thankful to Shri Gurinder Singh, Senior Scale Stenographer for his contribution in giving shape to the contents of this volumeand getting it ready for press. My thanks are due to Sharvshri Rajinder Singh Gandhi, Senior Editior (Retd.) and Harinder Pal  Singh, Compiler and all other members of the Gazetteers Organisations for assisting me in the finalization and printing of this supplement.

 

            I am also thankful to the controller, Printing and Stationery, U.T., Chandigarh and his staff for competing the printing work of this volume in time.

 

 

Chandigarh                                                                                  Jagmohan Singh Hans

4 October, 2000                                                                      State Editior, Gazetteers,

                                                                                                             Punjab.


List of the Illustration

 

 

Serial No.

Particulars

1.

Chart showing growth of population in the Kapurthala District 1971 to 1991.

2.

Chart showing Land Utilization in the Kapurthala District 1996-97.

3.

Chart showing number of Education Institutions in the Kapurthala District as on 30 September, 1996.

 

4.

Chart showing Birth rate, Death Rate and Infantile Mortality Rate in the Kapurthala District from 1983-97.

 

5.

Gurudwara Ber Sahib, Sultanpur Lodhi.

6.

Gurudwara Antar Yamta, Sultanpur Lodhi.

7.

Gurudwara Ber Sahib, Village Kasarpur.

8.

Entrance Gate of Shalimar Garden, Kapurthala.

9.

District Courts, Kapurthala.

10.

Jagatjit Club, Kapurthala.

11.

Clock Tower, Kapurthala.

12.

Cannon associated with Maharaja Jagatjit Singh of Erstwhile Kapurthala State.

13.

Jubilee Hall (Now Nawab Jassa Singh Ahluwalia Government College), Kapurthala.

 

14.

Old Water Tank, Kapurthala.

15.

New Designed Coach, Manufactured at Rail Coach Factory, Kapurthala.

16.

Interior view of J.C.T. Mills, Phagwara

 

 

 


CHAPTER    I

 

GENERAL

 

            Total Area and Population of the District. - According to the Director of Land Records, Punjab and total area of the Kapurthala District during 1996-97 was 1,678.77 Sq. K.M. According to the 1991 Census, the area of district was 1,633 sq. k.m. The Tehsil-wise area of the District is given below: -

 

Tehsil

Area

(Sq. K.m.)

Kapurthala

675.51

Sultanpur Lodhi

451.02

Phagwara

304.46

Bholath

247.78

                        (Source: - Director of Land Record, Punjab)

 

            According to the 1991 Census, the total population of the district was 6,46,647 persons (3,41,030 males and 3,05,617 females) which was lowest amongst all the district of the State.

 

            Administrative Divisions of the District.- The Kapurthala district consists of 4 tehsils/subdivisions viz. Kapurthala, Sultanpur Lodhi, Phagwara and Bholath(Upgraded as Tehsil/Sub-Division, vide Punjab Government Notification NO. 2/44/94-RE-II(I)/6745, dated 20 July 1995) and one sub-tehsil viz. Dhilwan. The district is divided into five development block i.e. Kapurthala, Nadala, Dhilwan, Sultanpur lodhi and Phagwara. According to the 1991 Census, the district had 699 villages (633 inhabited and 66 inhabited) and 3 towns.

           

            Boundary Changes- No change in the boundaries has taken place in the district since the publication of the main volume of Kapurthala District gazetteer in 1984.

 

Climate

 

(Climate of Punjab - India Meteorological Department, Government of India-1996 pp. 60-63) The climate of this district is characterised be dryness except in the brief monsoon season, a very hot summer and a bracing winter. The year may be divided into four seasons. The cold season for about the middle of November to the early part of March

 

1.                    Upgraded as Tehsil/subdivision, vide Punjab Government Notification No. 2/44/94-RE-II (I)/6745, dated 20 July 1995.

2.                    Climate of Punjab- India Meteorlogical Department, Government of India-1996 pp. 60-63

 

 

 

 

is followed by the hot season which lasts till about the end of June, July, August and the first half of the September constitute the southwest monsoon season. The period from mid-September to about the middle of November may be termed is post monsoon or transition period. Although the tehsils Phagwara is in the Kapurthala District, for the description of the climate, the same has been included in Jalandhar District.

 

            Average Rainfall in the District.-- The monthly average rainfall in the Kapurthala District during1983, 1987 and 1992 to 1996 is given in table 1. Records of rainfall in the district are available for one station for sufficiently long period. The detail of the rainfall at this station is given in table 2 and 3. The average annual rainfall is 778.9 mm. About 71 percent of the annual rainfall in the district is received during the monsoon months July to September. July being the rainiest month. There is also some rainfall during the period December to March is association with passing western disturbances and this amounts to about 12 percent of the annual rainfall. The variation in the rainfall from year to year is large. In 80 year period, the highest annual rainfall which was in 1955, amounted to 163 percent of the average, the lowest annual rainfall was 57 percent of the normal in 1963. In this period annual rainfall was less than 80 percent of the normal occurred in three years only.

 

            There are on the average about 33 rainy days (i.e. days with rainfall of 2.5 mm or more) in a year.

 

            The heaviest rainfall in 24 hours recorded was 339.1 mm on October 1955.

 

Temperature - The meteorological observatory at Kapurthala started functioning recently. Hence the description which follows is based on the records of the observatories in the neighboring districts where similar climatic conditions prevail. After February there is a steady increase in temperatures. June is generally the hottest month with the mean daily maximum temperature at about 41C and the mean daily minimum at about 27C. The hot scorching dust-laden/westerly winds blow during the summer season and on individual days the day temperature may exceed above 45C. With the onset of the southwest monsoon in the district by about the beginning of July there is appreciable drop in the day temperature. The nights, however, are as warm as night in the summer season. On account of the increased moisture in the monsoon air the weather is often sultry and uncomfortable even in the monsoon season in between the rains. With the withdrawal of the monsoon by about in the middle of September there is a rapid drop in the temperature specially night temperatures. January is usually the coldest month with the mean daily maximum temperature about 19C and the mean daily minimum at 6C. During the winter season, cold waves affect the district in the rear of passing western disturbances and the minimum temperature drop down to about a degree or so below the freezing point.

 

            Humidity- Relative humidity is generally high in the southwest monsoon season. During the rest of the year the air is dry, the driest part of the year being the summer season.

 

            Cloudiness- The skies are generally moderately to heavily clouded during the monsoon season and for in association with passing western disturbances. During the rest of the year the skies are mostly clear of lightly clouded.

 

            Winds- Winds are generally light, during the southwest monsoon season, winds blow generally from directions between southwest to northwest, but on many days in the afternoons, westerly to northwesterly winds also blow. In the rest of the year westerly to northwesterly winds predominate except in the later half of the summer season when easterlies and south easterlies blow on some days.

 

            Special Weather Phenomena- Western disturbances affect the weather over the district during the cold season. Thunderstorms occur in association with these. Thunderstorms are duststroms occur occasionally during the hot season. Rain during the monsoon season is often associated with thunder.

 

 

Table 1

 

Monthly Average Rainfall in the Kapurthala District during 1983, 1987 and 1992 to 1996

 

Year

Jan.

Feb.

March

April

May

June

July

Aug.

Sept.

Oct.

Nov.

Dec.

Total

1983

60.0

32.0

23.0

92.0

20.4

7.0

36.6

210.0

119.0

2.0

-

1.0

603.0

1987

40.0

16.0

9.5

5.0

162.0

6.0

46.0

127.0

-

36.0

-

-

447.5

1992

80.0

43.0

30.0

9.0

7.5

13.5

203.0

118.5

52.5

-

18.8

-

575.8

1993

5.2

4.0

10.2

12.5

7.0

57.5

428.5

18.0

134.0

-

-

-

676.5

1994

53.0

-

16.5

28.5

-

12.0

242.0

129.0

100.5

-

-

14.0

595.5

1995

23.1

94.4

19.0

9.0

6.0

2.4

214.0

18.0

103.0

-

6.0

-

494.9

1996

18.5

79.0

44.0

-

-

149.0

89.0

258.0

89.0

-

0.3

-

726.8

(Statistical Abstract of Punjab, 1984, 1988 and 1993 to 1997 )

 

Table 2

Normal and Extremes of Rainfall in Kapurthala District

 

Station

No of years of Data

Jan.

Feb.

Mar.

Apr.

May.

June

Jul.

Aug.

Sep.

Oct.

Nov.

Dec.

Annual

Highest annual rainfall as per cent of normal and years **

Lowest annual rainfall as percent of normal and years **

Heaviest Rainfall in 24 Hours *

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amount (mm)

Date

KPT

13

a 37.8

23.9

24.5

6.3

8.9

23.6

255.9

174.2

122.1

88.3

3.4

10.0

778.9

163

57

339.1

1955 Oct 5

 

 

b 3.1

1.2

2.3

0.5

0.9

2.1

8.1

7.4

4.3

1.4

0.3

0.9

32.5

(1955)

(1963)

 

 

 

a              Normal rainfall in mm

b              Average number of rainy days (i.e. days with rainfall of 2.5 mm or more)

*              Based on all available data up to 1980

**            Years of occurrence given in brackets

 

 

Table 2

 

Normal and Extremes of Rainfall in Kapurthala District

(Data 1901-1980)

KAPURTHALA

Range (in mm)

No. of the Years

Range (in mm)

No. of Years

401-500

1

901-1000

1

501-600

1

1001-1100

-

601-700

3

1101-1200

-

701-800

-

1201-1300

1

801-900

2

 

 

(Data available for 9 years only)


Chapter II

History

(a) Ancient Period

            It has been established now that the whole of the Kapurthala District was a part of the vast area covered under Indus Valley Civilization developed prior to the Aryan Civilization in this region. The evidence for the prevalence of this ancient civilization in this reign. The evidence fort he prevalence of this ancient civilization in this district of Punjab has been furnished by the discovery of certain sites by the Archaeologists. The important sites pertaining to Indus Valley Civilization in Kapurthala District are as under:

1.      Domeli

2.      Karalan

3.      Bhatnura Kalan

 

6th  Century B C upto A D 1150

From the middle of the 6th Century B C upto AD 1150, the Bist Doab, Jalandhar which included the territories of the present districts of Jalandhar, Kapurthala and Hoshiarpur, was dominated by three tribes' viz. Tilakhalas, Trigarthas and Yaudheyas.

 

 

       (b)   Medieval Period

A D 1186 - 1290

During this period, right from the advent of Ghorides upto the death of the last Sultan Ghiyas-ud-Din Balban, the history of the Punjab was all chaos, Lahore alone made the area of strifes and rest of the places were very little target of attacks. Kapurthala town did not figure till the rise of Jassa Singh Ahluwalia Misl in the mideighteenth century. However, Sultanpur which was then a district, assumed importance from the military and stratgic view point and that too in AD 1266 when Sultan Ghiyas-ud-Din Balban ascended to power. Balban died in 1286.

 

A D 1524

To take full advantage of the disputes between the nobles of Lahore such as Ibrahim Lodhi, Daulat khan Lodi and Alam khan Lodi, Badur captured Dialpur.

 

1525

Death of Daulat Khan Lodi at Sultanpur.

 

1540

Sher Shah Suri had advanced with his forces to the banks of the Beas near Sultanpur with a view of realize that the Mughal Emperor Humayun and his associates were in no position to fight.

        

           Hunayun and his brother instantly abandoned Lahore in October 1540, crossed Ravi and hastened towards Chenab on hearing the news of Sher Shah Suri's advance given by Muzaffar Beg, one of aGeneral of Humayun.

 

1556

Under the administration of the Mughal Emperor Akbar Sultanpur was inhabited by Muslim tribes such as Khaka, Bambas, Afghans and Ghakhars, under the hegemony of the Kashmir ruler ghazi Jhan. In this year Akbar got full control over the territory of the Punjab Province including that of Laying between the Ravi and the Satluj. Akbar made Lahore the capital of India.

 

1598

Khwaja Shamas-ud-Din Khawafi was appointed the Governor of Punjab by Akbar.

 

1600

Death of Khwaja Shamas-ud-Din Khawafi, Zain Khan koka was appointed the Governor of punjab but was soon recalled on account of his being bad character.

 

1601

Mirza Gulij Khan was appointed the Governor of Punjab by Akbar.

 

1605

Death of Akbar.

 

1634

After killing Painda Khan at Kartarpur in a battle with Mughals, the Guru Hargobind reached village Palahi near Phagwara in the Kapurthala District. At Palahi, attack on the Sikhs was sudden. The Guru and the Sikhs fought valienty. Ahmed Khan and Fateh Khan were killed with the result that Mughal force fled away.

        It may be added here that the Guru Hargobind also visited Dumeli, Kala Sangha (Kala Sasnghian), Nadala and Safiabad in the district of Kapurthala. Guru Arjan dev while accompanying the marriage party of his son Hargobind stayed for a might at Sultanpur Lodhi.

 

1658-1707

Aurangzeb started towards Punjab in pursuit of his elder borther Dara Shikoh who had revolted against him, after his coronation ceremony in Delhi.

 

At the death of  Aurangzeb in 1707, the Punjab was divided into six Doabs of which jalandhar Doab was the most significant from the military administration point of view. The Doab consist of many important towns such as Jalandhar, Sultanpur, Kapurthala, Kartarpur, Alwalpur, Sham Chaurasi, Tanda, Phagwara, Mukerian, Rahon, Hishiarpur and Nurmahal.

 

 

Rise of the Sikhs

 

 

     The district of Kapurthala formerly a princely State closely associated with the first and sixth Guru Nanak Dev and Guru Hargobind. Guru Nanak Dev (1469-1539), the founder of sikhism entirely transformed the social life of the people inhabiting the district. Guru Nanak Dev spent 14 years of his life a Sultanpur. During this period there was no conflict between the Sikhs and the Mughals. Guru Nanak Dev worked as a storekeeper in the Modikhana for a number of years. The institution of langer (community kitchen) was primarily started by Guru Nanak Dev at Sultanpur Lodhi.

 

1710

After his victories expeedition of Sirhind, Banda asend one party of the Sikhs across the Satluj to take Sultanpur Lodhi and other places in the Doabs of Jalandhar.

 

1745-1746

Yahiya Khan was appointed Deputy Viceroy of the Punjab on 3 June 1746 be Emperor Muhammad Shah and Jalandhar Doab was uner the Adina Beg Khan-a great politician and statesman of the time.

 

1748

Sardar Jassa Singh (founder of the Kapurthala State) attacked and killed Salabat Khan, the governor of Amritsar, seizing a large portion of the district. He extended his conquest to the edge of the river Beas, defeating Adina Beg the Governor of Jalandhar Doab.

 

1758

Death of Adina Beg Khan.

 

 

(c) Modern Period

 

1763

Jassa Singh proceeded once again to the old battle ground of Sirhind. In this battle Jassa Singh was victorious. Zain Khan the Governor of Sirhind was alain. Jassa Singh made Kapurthala his capital.

 

1783

Jassa Singh Ahluwalia died in 1783. He was succeeded by his second cousin Bhag Singh.

 

1801

Death of Bhag Singh at Kapurthala.

 

1805

Fateh Singh was at Amritsar with Ranjit Singh when in 1805, the Maratha Cheif Jaswant rao Holkar was driven north of the Satluj by Lord Lake's pursuing army, amd it was on his advice that the Maharaja was dissuaded from giving offence to the British by lending countenance to the fugitive prince.

 

1806

On 1 January, 1806 Fateh Singh and Maharaja Ranjit Singh both signed a treaty (called the treaty of Lahore) with the British representative whereby the British undertook not to enter the territories of these trans-Satluj chiefs.

 

 

 

1825

Fateh Singh fled across the Satluj and took refuge at Jagroan then under British protection abandoning his estates in both the Doabs to the Maharaja.

 

1827

The British brought about conciliation between Maharaja Ranjit Singh and latter got back his territories. Fateh Singh was responsible for including the ilagas of Phagwara and Bhunga within his territory.

 

1837

Death of Fateh Singh, He was succeeded by his son Nihal Singh.

 

1841

Death of Amar Singh (Brother of Nihal Singh) by drowning in the Ravi.

 

1845-1846

Out break of the first Anglo-Sikh war on the Satluj.

 

1848-1849

In the second Anglo-Sikh war, Nihal Singh helped the British at the close of the war, he was honoured woth a visit from government general, Lord Dalhousie, who created him am Raja in acknowledgement of his service.

 

1852

Death of Raja Nihal Singh.

 

1853

Randhir Singh succeeded his father.

 

1857

During the Great Rebellion of 1857, Raja Randhir Singh aided the British on the first news of the out break of the revolt. Raja Randhir Singh and his younger brother Kanwar Bikram Singh, marched to Jalandhar at the head of his men and helped the British to hold the Doab, almost denuded of troops, untill the fall of Delhi. In recognition of his services to the British the title "Raja-i-Rajan" bestowed upon him and remission of the year's tribute and permanent reduction in the amount of his tribute payment by Rs. 25,000.

 

1858

Raja Randhir Singh was permitted by Britishers to lead a contingent of his soldiers to Oudh and take part in the subjugation of revolt districts by the British. He with his brother remained in the field for ten month. For all these services to the British, He was rewarded with a grant of istamrai tenure of the two confiscated estates of Baundi and Bithauli (now in Uttar Pradesh). The brother of the Raja Kanwar Bikram Singh, who had accompained the Raja to Oudh, was given a portion of Akauna estate (now in the Uttar Pradesh)

 

1860

The hereditary Jagir Bari Doab which had resumed on the death of Raja Nihal Singh in 1852 restored to the Raja Randhir Singh in lieu of the remission of tribute, in perpetuity. However, civil and police Jurisdiction remained with the British Authority.

1862

The highly praised privilege conferred upon Raja Randhir Singh for his services to the British During the great rebellion of 1857 was that of adoption dated, granted under a sanad of Lord Canning dated 31 March 1862.

 

1864

Raja Randhir Singh received a Insignia of the Grand Commandership in the order of the Star of India (G.C.S. I.) in the public Darbar, at the hands of Lord Lawrence.

 

1869

Raja Randhir Singh took over the property granted by the Britishers in 1858 to Kanwar Bikram Singh under an arbitration order of Sir Henry Davis. Then Chief Commissioner in Oudh. Kanwar Bikram Singh (on receiving instead land in Bariely and Lakhimpur) (now in Uttar Pradesh). Dispute as to the interpretation of will made by Raja Nihal Singh in favour of his sons was settled by Secretary of State for India 1869.

 

1870

Raja Kharak Singh succeeded his father Randhir Singh.

 

1872

Raja Kharak Singh blessed with a son who was named Jagatjit Singh.

 

1875

Due to mental weakness of the Raja Kharak Singh Mr (afterwards Sir) Lepal Griffin appointed Superintendent of the State to manage the affairs.

 

1876

Sir Lepal Griffin was succeeded by Mr (afterwards Sir) Charles.

 

1877

Death of Raja Kharak Singh and he was succeeded by his son Jagatjit Singh.

 

1890

Raja Jagatjit Singh acquired full power of administration in November, 1890.

 

1897

Raja Jagatjit Singh was made Knight Commander of the star of India on the occasion of the Diamond Jubilee of Queen Victoria.

 

1902

Raja invested with power of life and death over his subjects.

 

1911

Raja Jagatjit Singh was created a G.C.S.I. and granted the title of Maharaja during the coronation Darbar held in Delhi.

 

1924

Annual Nazrana of Rs. 1,31,000 was remitted by the British Government in lieu of the services rendered by the State during World War-I.

 

 

1930-31

A unit of the Praja Mandal was established in the Kaputhala State. The villages in the Bunga pocket of the State surrounded on all sided by the Hoshiarpur District become a centre of Praja Mandal activities. The "Dhut Group" of political workers, as it was called by the Kapurthala administration after the name of their village, was actively associated with the Punjab Ryasti Praja Mandal since 1928. Baba Karam Singh who belonged to village Dhut in the Kapurthala State returned to India in 1930 via Moscow and arrested.

 

1935

Zamindara agitation was started in the Kaputhala State. A conference of the Kapurthala State zamindara was convened at village khaira on 2 Feburary 1935. Another conference of zamindars of Phagwara Ilaga was held at village Musapur near Domeli in 25 February, 1935.

 

1938

Baba Karam Singh was released from the Jail.

 

1939

Baba Karam Singh was again arrested. Baba Karam Singh of Dhut Group was Chairman of the reception committee of the Ludhiana Session of the All India State People's Conference held in 1939 under the Presidentship of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru.

 

1944

Death of Baba Karam Singh

 

1947

The Kapurthala State opted to remain part of India on the achievement of Independence.

 

1948

On the formation of Patiala and East Punjab States Union (PEPSU) on 20, August 1948, Kapurthala State becomes one of its constituent. Maharaja Jagatjit Singh of Kapurthala was appointed Up-Rajpramukh of PEPSU.

 

1949

Death of Maharaja Jagatjit Singh and his son Paramjit Singh succeeded him

 

1955

Death of Paramjit Singh in 1955 and was succeeded by his son Sukhjit Singh.

 

1956

On the merge of Punjab and PEPSU on 1 November 1956, Kapurthala become one of districts of the Punjab and transferred to the Jalandhar Division.

 



CHAPTER III

 

PEOPLE

 

Total Population

            According to the 1991 Census, the population of the Kapurthala District was 6,46,647 (comprising 3,41,030,males and 3,05,617 females) as compared to 5,45,249           ( 2,87,286 males and 2,57,963 females) as per the 1981 Census.

 

Growth of Population

            The population of the Kapurthala District according to the Census was 6,46,647 as against 5,45,249 in 1981 indicating an increase of 1,01,398 persons. The decennial growth rate of population comes to 18.60 per cent (which was 26.95 percent in 1981) as against the State growth rate of 20.81 per cent as per the 1991 Census. The decennial growth rate of the population of the district from 1971 onwards is given below:

 

Year

Persons

Decennial Variation

Percentage Decennial Variation of Population

Males

Females

1971

4,29,514

-

-

2,27,331

2,02,183

1981

5,45,249

1,15,735

(+) 26.96

2,87,286

2,57,963

1991

6,46,647

1,01,398

(+) 18.60

3,41,030

3,05,617

(Census of India, 1991, Series-20, Punjab, Part II-A and II-B, General Population Tables and primary Census Abstract)

 

Distribution of Population between Rural and Urban Areas

 

            As per the 1991 Census, there were 3 towns in the district, viz. Kapurthala, Sultanpur Lodhi and Phagwara*. (Dhilwan, Begowal and Bholath have also been declerad towns thereafter) These entire towns accommodated 25.76 percent of the total population of the district. The Kapurthala District was 29.45 as against the State percent of 28.31. The

 

 

 

*Dhilwan, Begowal and Bholath have also been decided towns thereafter


tehsil-wise distribution Scheduled Castes population in the District according to the 1991 Census is given below:

 

District/ Tehsil

1981

1991

Total

Males

Females

Total

Males

Females

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

Kapurthala

68,711

36,154

32,557

89,559

47,266

42,293

Sultanpur Lodhi

21,728

11,519

10,209

27,054

14,340

12,714

Phagwara

56,712

30,225

26,487

73,871

39,325

34,546

Total District

1,47,151

77,898

69,253

1,90,484

1,00,931

89,553

(Census of India, 1981, Series-17, Punjab, Parts XIII-A and B, General Population Tables and Primary Census Abstract and Census of India, 1991 Series-20, Punjab part II-A and II-B, General Population Tables)

 

Distribution of Population by Religion

            The distribution of population by religious in the Kapurthala District as per 1981 and 1991Census is given below: -

 

 

1981

1991

 

Total

Males

Females

Total

Males

Females

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

Hindus

2,11,601

1,13,661

97,940

2,28,212

1,23,624

1,04,588

Sikhs

3,28,145

1,70,621

1,57,524

4,11,014

2,13,227

1,97,787

Muslims

2,729

1,508

1,221

3,988

2,299

1,689

Christians

1,868

1,006

862

1,794

976

818

Buddhists

45

24

21

1,215

657

558

Jains

543

287

256

329

166

163

Other Religions

313

176

137

57

43

14

Religion not Stated

5

3

2

38

38

--

Total

5,45,249

2,87,286

2,57,963

6,46,647

3,41,030

3,05,617

(Statistical Abstract of Punjab, 1985 and Census of India 1991, Series-20 Punjab, Part IV-B(ii), Religion Table C-9)

 

Population of Towns

            As per the 1991 Census, only 25.76 percent of the population lived in towns of the Kapurthala District against 25.38 percent according to 1981 Census. This indicates a negligible change in the rural-urban population ratio. The town-wise population in the District as per 1981 and 1991 Census is given below: -

 

Towns

1981

1991

Kapurthala

50,300

64,567

Phagwara

75,961

88,316

Sultanpur Lodhi

12,143

13,722

(Statistical Abstract of Punjab, 1996)

 

Village Classified by Population

            The total number of inhabited villages in the Kapurthala District was 633 (including 66 uninhabited villages) as per the 1991 Census. Their number was 602 as per the 1981 Census. The table given below shows the number of villages classified by various range of population in Kapurthala District according to the 1981 and 1991 Census: -

 

Year

Total number of villages

 

Less than 200

200-499

500-999

1000-1999

2000-1999

5000-9999

10,000 and above

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

      9

1981

602

169

166

143

96

28

--

--

1991

633

158

169

163

93

44

6

--

(Census of India 1981, Series-17, Punjab, part II-A and part II-B General Population Tables and Primary Census Abstract and Census of India 1991, Series-20, Punjab, Part II-A and Part II-B General Population Tables and Primary Census Abstract)



CHAPTER IV

 

AGRICULTURE AND IRRIGATION

 

The economy of the district continues to be agro-based. According to the 1991 Census 52.85 percent of the total main workers constituted cultivators, agricultural labourers and other allied agricultural workers.

 

Land Utilization

          The total area of the District according to village papers during 1996-97 was 168 thousand hectares; out of which 147 thousand hectares was net area sown. The area under forests was only 2 thousand hectares and the land put to non-agricultural uses was 15 thousand hectares. The area sown more than 140 thousand hectares. The cropping intensity during 1996-97 was 195.24 percent.

           

            The classification of area by land use in the Kapurthala District, during the years 1982-83, 1987-88 and 1992-93 and 1996-97 is given below: -

 

Particulars

1982-83

1987-88

1992-93

1993-94

1994-95

1995-96

1996-97

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

Total area according to village papers

167

167

167

167

167

168

168

Forest

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

 Barren and unculturable land

--

2

3

2

1

1

1

Land put to non-agriculture uses

16

3

17

17

23

16

16

Culturable waste

--

9

3

3

--

--

--

Permanent pastures and other garzing Land

--

--

1

1

(a)

(a)

(a)

Land under misc. tree crops and groves not included in the net area sown

--

--

2

(a)

(a)

--

--

Current fallow

1

16

7

8

7

3

2

Fallow land other than current fallow

--

--

3

1

(a)

1

1

Net area sown

148

135

129

133

133

145

147

Net area sown as percent to total area

89

81

77

80

80

86

87

Area sown more than once

71

103

124

125

121

132

140

Total cropped area

219

238

253

258

257

277

287

(Statistical Abstracts of Punjab, 1983, 1988 and 1993 to 1997)

(a) Below 500 hectares

 

 

 

 

Irrigation Facilities

 

            Area Irrigated by different Source of Irrigation: - In Kapurthala District tubewells are the main source of irrigation. In 1982-83, the net area irrigated was 131.5 thousand hectares which increase to 147 thousand hectares in 1996-97.Out of 147.2 thousand hectares of total net area irrigated 125.3 thousand hectares was irrigated by tubewells alone. The percentage of the net area irrigated to net area sown was 8839 in 1982-83 which increased to 100 in 1996-97. The net area irrigated by different source of irrigation in the district for the years 1982-83, 1987-88 and 1992-93 to 1996-97 are given below: -

 

Years

Net area irrigated by

Percentage of net area irrigated to net area sown

 

Government Canals

Tubewells and wells

Other Sources

Total

1

2

3

4

5

6

1982-83

2.0

129.5

--

131.5

88.9

1987-88

1.4

128.4

--

129.8

96.1

1992-93

1.0

127.7

--

128.7

99.8

1993-94

0.7

132.7

--

133.4

100.0

1994-95

3.0

120.0

--

123.0

99.2

1995-96

13.0

140.0

--

153.0

98.6

1996-97

22.0

125.2

--

147.2

100.0

(Statistical Abstracts of Punjab, 1983, 1988 and 1993 to 1997)

 

Canals – The area irrigated by Bist Doab Canal in the district during 1982-83, 1987-88 and 1992-93 to 1996-97 is given below: -

 

Year

Area irrigated (in hectares)

1982-83

4,828

1987-88

5,016

1992-93

4,727

1993-94

4,271

1994-95

3,962

1995-96

4,019

1996-97

4,066

(Source: Executive Engineer, Bist Doab Division, Jalandhar.)


Major and Subsidiary Crops

 

            Wheat and rice are the principal food crops sown in the Kapurthala District. The other crops grown in the district include maize, sugarcane and oil-seeds.

           

            The area under different crops, their total production in the district during 1982-83, 1987-88 and 1992-93 to 1996-97 are given in the following statements: -

 

Area under Different Crops                          (Thousand Hectares)

Crops

 

1982-83

1987-88

1992-93

1993-94

1994-95

1995-96

1996-97

1

 

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

 

Cereals

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rice

 

86

86

97

102

101

102

95

Maize

 

5

5

6

6

5

5

4

Wheat

 

109

109

113

118

113

116

104

 

Pulses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mash

 

0.04

0.04

(a)

(a)

(a)

0.1

0.1

Arhar

 

0.1

0.1

(a)

(a)

0.1

0.1

(a)

Mung

 

0.18

0.18

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.3

Massar

 

0.07

0.07

(a)

(a)

(a)

(a)

(a)

 

Oil-Seeds

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Groundnut

 

3.1

3.1

0.8

0.3

0.3

0.2

(a)

Rapeseed and

Mustard

2

2

0.9

0.5

1.0

2.3

3.6

Sesamun

 

0.2

0.2

1.4

1.0

0.5

1.3

0.5

Sunflower

 

--

--

--

2.6

2.7

5

10

Linseed

 

(a)

(a)

(a)

(a)

(a)

(a)

--

Other Crops

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sugarcane

 

2.6

2.6

3.9

2.2

3.0

12.6

7.1

Potato

 

2.2

2.2

3.2

0.6

4.4

5.3

2.1

Cotton (Desi)

0.2

0.2

(a)

(a)

(a)

(a)

(a)

(Statistical Abstracts of Punjab, 1983, 1988 and 1993 to 1997)

 

(a) Less than 50 Hectares


Production of Different Crops                       (Thousand metric Tones)

Crops

 

1982-83

1987-88

1992-93

1993-94

1994-95

1995-96

1996-97

1

 

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

 

Cereals

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rice

 

204

268

296

329

322

269

290

Maize

 

18

6

13

15

11

11

10

Wheat

 

267

395

438

463

467

442

439

 

Pulses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mash

 

0.1

--

--

--

--

(b)

--

Arhar

 

--

0.1

--

--

0.1

--

--

Mung

 

--

0.1

--

--

0.1

0.1

0.3

Massar

 

--

0.1

--

--

--

--

--

Oil-Seeds

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Groundnut

 

7

2

--

--

--

--

--

Rapeseed and

Mustard

--

2

0.9

0.6

1.2

2.6

2.7

Sesamun

 

--

0.1

0.4

0.4

0.2

0.5

0.2

Sunflower

 

--

--

--

4.2

3.5

8

16.0

Linseed

 

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

Other Crops

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sugarcane

 

25

16

28

15

17

73

41

Potato

 

16

44

68.3

10.7

84

95.9

30.7

Cotton (Desi)

0.21

--

0.11

--

--

--

--

(Statistical Abstracts of Punjab, 1983, 1988 and 1993 to 1997)

 

(b) Less than 50 Metric Tonnes

 

High yielding Varieties

            Since 1965 high yielding varieties of seeds have been in use. These seeds are the principal cause behind increasing agricultural production. High yielding varieties of seeds especially relating to the wheat, bajra, rice and maize have been evolved. National Seed Corporation has been set up for more production and proper distribution of these seeds. The high yielding varieties of different crops sown in the district in the given below: -

 

 

 

 

 

 

Name of the Crop

Variety

Rice

PR 108, PR 110, PR 111, IR 8 Jaya, Pusa 44, Basmati 379, Basmati 386

Wheat

PBW 343, WH 542, PBW 154, PDW 233, PBW 34, PBW 373, Raj 3765 PBW 138, TL 1210, PBW 299, PBW 175

Maize

Partap, Sartaj, Navjot, Prabhat, Paras, Kanchan, kesri, PUNJAB SATHI No. 1

(Source: - Chief Agricultural Officer, Kapurthala.)

 

Fruit Crops

            Citrus (Fruits Kinnow, Orange, Malta and Lemon). Mangoes, pear and guava are the important fruit crops in the District. The area under different fruit crop in the district has been increased from 1,198 hectares in 1987-88 to 2,405 hectares in 1996-97. The area ender different fruit crops in Kapurthala District during the years 1987-88,and 1992-93 to 1996-97 is given below: -

 

Serial No.

Name of Fruit Crop

1987-88

1992-93

1993-94

1994-95

1995-96

1996-97

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

1

Kinnow

446

742

744

752

753

753

2

Orange and Malta

18

125

128

130

131

131

3

Lemon

29

35

35

35

35

52

4

Mangoes

113

273

325

361

397

407

5

Lichi

6

11

18

20

20

20

6

Guava

164

216

148

256

281

305

7

Pear

309

419

431

433

440

441

8

Peach

74

167

174

181

189

194

9

Plum

2

2

2

2

2

2

10

Grapes

17

23

25

26

27

31

11

Ber

8

14

20

23

28

31

12

Misc.

12

26

27

30

33

38

13

Total

1,198

2,053

2,077

2,249

2,336

2,405

(Statistical Abstracts of Punjab, 1983, 1988 and 1993 to 1997)

 

Co-operation

            Co-operative Farming Society: - Co-operative farming is a system under which small farmers pool their holdings and form a society to achieve the economics of large scale farming. However, the members retain the ownership of their holdings. The number of co-operative farming societies functioning in the district during 19987-88 and 1992-93 to 1996-97 is given below:-

 

Year

Number of the co-operative farming societies

1982-83

64

1987-88

64

1992-93

46

1993-94

28

1994-95

26

1995-96

26

1996-97

26

(Statistical Abstracts of Punjab, 1983, 1988 and 1993 to 1997)

 

Fertilizer and Manures

            Chemical Fertilizers: - The fertilizers play an important role to increase the productivity of agriculture. The consumption of chemical fertilizers in the district has remained almost constant since 1982-83.

                        The table given below shows the use of fertilizers in the district during 1982-83, 1987-88 and 1992-93 to 1996-97: -

 

 

Year

Fertilizers (Nutrient Tones)

Nitrogenous

(N)

Phosphatic

(P2O5)

Potassic

(K2O)

Total

(NPK)

1982-83

31

10

2

43

1987-88

35

14

1

50

1992-93

31

9

1

41

1993-94

33

9

--

42

1994-95

36

8

2

46

1995-96

32

7

1

40

1996-97

35

7

1

43

(Statistical Abstracts of Punjab, 1983, 1988 and 1993 to 1997)

 

Manures – Manures play an important role in improving the agricultural production. Rural compost and cattle-dung manure (farmyard manure), green manure and town compost are the main local manorial resources. The quantity of rural compost and town compost prepared and area under green manuring in the Kapurthala District, during 1987-88 and 1992-93 to 1996-97 is given below : -

 


 

Year

Rural Compost (Lakh metric Tonnes)

Town Compost

(Metric Tonnes)

Area Under green manuring

( Thousand hectares)

1

2

3

4

1987-88

16.20

2,099

19.08

1992-93

30.80

164

30.00

1993-94

37.70

136

24.80

1994-95

35.80

243

21.50

1995-96

23.50

136

22.00

1996-97

8.60

133

14.00

(Source: Field Manure-cum-Town Compost Officer, Punjab, S.A.S. Nagar)

 

Livestock

            Animal Husbandry: - Livestock occupies a pivotal position in the life of the people especially in rural areas. It is still being used as a source of draught power in agricultural operations and transportation. Livestock provides essential food of animal origin like milk, meat, eggs, better nourishment besides, wool, manure, fuel skin, hides and bone meal. Livestock keeping alongwith marketing services, manufacture of livestock products, inputs and other subsidiary and supporting industries offer a great scope of gainful employment to the expanding labour force, small and marginal farmers and agricultural labourers and thus helps raising standard of living of rural population especially of weaker sections of society.

            The number of livestock in Kapurthala District in the 1977 and 1990 Livestock Census is given below: -

(In thousands)

Particular

1977

1990

Cattle

104..2

92.7

Buffaloes

157.9

161.5

Horses and Ponies

1.7

0.3

Donkeys

0.5

0.1

Mules

0.1

@

Sheep

2.0

0.6

Goats

13.7

5.7

Camels

@

@

Pigs

1.4

0.2

Others

--

--

Total

317.5

261.1

Poultry

117.6

330.1

(Statistical Abstracts of Punjab, 1986 and 1996)

 

@ Less than 50

 

Fisheries

            At the District level the affairs of the Fisheries Department are looked after by the Assistant Director, Fisheries, Kapurthala. The district has also been brought under the Fish Farmer's Development Agency (FFDA) since 1990-91. The FFDA provides timely subsidy and technical know how to the farmers to undertake fishers activities. It also renders assistance to the farmers in getting credit from financial institutions.

            The fisheries resources in the district include village ponds, canals, drains, rivers and reservoirs. The Department has set up one Fish Seed Farm at Shikargarh in the district. The income from supply of fish seed (fingerlings) to the farmers and area under fisheries in the district during 1992-93 to 1996-97 are given below:

 

Year

Income from sale of fish Seed (Rs.)

Area under fisheries (Hectares)

1992-93

1,87,000

142.80

1993-94

1,97,900

182.70

1994-95

2,29,535

231.00

1995-96

2,12,375

316.00

1996-97

1,89,070

199.00

(Source: Assistant Director, Fishers, Kapurthala)

 

Forests

            The area under forests in the district during 1996-97 was 1,883.3 Hectares which come to about 1.1 percent of its total area. The area under forest in the district includes plantation along rail, road and canal strips. The area under control of the Forest Department under different categories in the Kapurthala District, during 1996-97 was as under:

 

Particulars

Area

(Hectares)

(A)

Protected Forests

 

 

(i)

Demarcated Protected Forests

299.14

 

(ii)

Undemarcated Protected

--

 

(iii)

Canal Strips

440.00

 

(iv)

Road Strips

420.00

 

(v)

Rail Strips

207.00

(B)

(vi)

Forest under section 38 of Indian Forest Act, 1927

--

(C)

 

Unclassified Forests

516.76

 

 

 

1,883.30

(Source: Divisional Forest Officer, Jalandhar Forest Division, Phillaur)


Forest Produce- The annual income from the sale of forest produce in the district during the years 1982-83, 1987-88 and 1992-93 to 1996-97 are given as under:

 

Year

Major product

(Rs)

Minor Product

(Rs)

1982-83

58,145.00

7,895.00

1987-88

13,850.00

--

1992-93

48,991.00

7,600.00

1993-94

8,29,058.00

8,350.00

1994-95

3,06,040.00

11,900.00

1995-96

3,72,500.00

19,160.00

1996-97

20,900.00

29,800

 

16,69,484.00

84,705.00

(Source: Divisional Forest Officer, Jalandhar Forest Division, Phillaur)

 

Floods

            Damage caused to crops, houses and human lives lost by heavy rains and floods in the Kapurthala District during 1982-83, 1987-88 and 1992-93 to 1996-97 are given below :

 

Year

No. of villages/ towns affected

Area affected (sq.Km.)

Human lives lost

(No.)

Damage caused to area under crops (hectares)

Value of crops damaged ('000)

Private house damaged (Number)

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

1982-83

--

--

--

--

--

--

1987-88

--

--

--

--

--

--

1992-93

149

7

3

6,960

--

1,944

1993-94

418

615

13

25,097

--

7,827

1994-95

401

343

11

34,366

1,50,467

4,162

1995-96

41

343

--

--

--

--

1996-97

--

--

1

--

--

135

(Statistical Abstracts of Punjab, 1983, 1988 and 1992 to 1997)


CHAPTER V

 

INDUSTRIES

 

            The progress of Industrial development has been maintained in the Kapurthala District even after the Independence. The district occupies a respectable position on the industrial units are concentrated in the towns of Phagwara and Kapurthala. With the establishment of Rail Coach Factory at Kapurthala in 1987 another feather has been added to the district.  the number of the registered working factories under each category and workers employed therein, in the district for the year 1996 is given below:

 

Serial No.

Name of the Factory

Number of the Factories

Number of the Workers

1.

Manufacture of Food Products

104

3,286

2.

Manufacture of Beverage, Tobacco and Related Products

1

3,028

3.

Manufacture of Cotton Textile

3

4,042

4.

Manufacture of Wood and Wood Product

55

353

5.

Manufacture of paper and paper products

13

117

6.

Manufacture of Leather and Fur products

4

155

7.

Manufacture of Chemical and Chemical Products

8

435

8.

Manufacture  of Rubber and Plastic products

6

214

9.

Manufacture of Non-Metallic mineral products

12

466

10.

Manufacture of Metal and Alloy Products

13

221

11.

Manufacture of Metal Products

13

217

12.

Manufacture of Machinery and Machine Tools and Manufacture of Electrical Machines

119

1,887

13.

Manufacture of Transport Equipments Parts

30

461

14.

Other Manufacturing Industries

4

56

15.

Storage and Ware Housing

2

44

16.

Personal Services

1

25

17.

Repair Sevices

3

187

18.

Electricity

5

135

 

TOTAL

396

15,329

 (Source : Labour Commissioner, Punjab)

 

Large and Medium Scale-Industries - There were 7 industries scale Sector in the district in the large and medium scale sector during 1982-83, which rose to 9 during 1996-97. The detail of these units is given below:

Serial No.

Name of the Factory

Year of Starting

Numbers of the workers

Products

1.

Oswal Agro Mills Pvt. Ltd. ( Sugar Division) Phagwara.

1933

585

Sugar

2.

Markfed Refined Oil and Allied Industries, Kapurthala

1976

138

Refined Groundnut Oil, Mustard Oil, Rice- Bran Oil and Cattle Feed

3.

Sukjit Starch and Chemicals Ltd., Phagwara

1944

603

Maize, Starch Liquid, Glucose and Dextrose Monohydrate

4.

Jagatjit Industries Ltd., Jagatjit Nagar, (Phagwara)

1945

3,789

Portable Liquor, Carbon Dioxide, Malted milk Food and  Malt Extraction

5.

J.C.T. Ltd., Phagwara

1951

6,354

Yarn, Waste Yarn and Cloth

6.

Jain Solvex and Export Industries, Kapurthala

1980

29

Rice-Bran oil and Deoiled Rice-Bran

7.

Rail Coach Factory, Hussainpur (Kapurthala)

1988

6,980

Railway Coaches

8.

Anand Aggarwal Oil Pvt. Ltd., (Unit-I) Village Sheikhpur,

 (Tehsil Kapurthala)

1978

41

Edible Oils and Non-edible Oils Solvex Oil Extraction and Rice-Bran Oil

9.

Anand Aggarwal Oil Pvt. Ltd., (Unit-II) Village Dhaudianwala,

 (Tehsil Kapurthala)

1980

35

Dehydration of Non-edible Oils

(Director of Industries and Commerce, Punjab, Chandigarh)

 

            There were 257 registered working factories with 11,155 workers in 1982 in the district. Their number and workers therein increased to 396 and 15,329 respectively during 1996.

            The year-wise progress of registered working factories and workers employed therein in Kapurthala District During 1982 to 1996 is given in the following table : -

 

Year

Number of Factories

Number of Workers

1982

257

11,155

1987

311

13,341

1992

373

15,934

1993

377

15,461

1994

401

15,650

1995

392

15,142

1996

396

15,329

(Statistical Abstracts of Punjab, 1983, 1988 and 1992 to 1997)

 

SOURCES OF POWER

 

Energy is vital input for fueling speedy economic growth. Renewable and non-renewable sources of energy are its two constituents. Renewable sources of energy include hydro-power, fuel, wood, biogas, solar, wind, geo-thermal and tidal-power, Non- renewable sources of energy include coal, oil and gas. The main source of power in the State all along has been the hydro-electric power. Three perennial rivers flow through the State and these alongwith falls on canals are being exploited to generate electricity.

 

            Power Consumption in the District - Electricity is the main source of power in the Kapurthala District among the other source of power. The total power consumed in the District during 1982-83 was 237.3 million K.W.H. which increased to 5,973 Million K.W.H. The detail regarding the consumption of electricity in the district are given below: -

 

(Million K.W.H.)

Year

Domestic

Commercial

Industrial

Agricultural

Others

Total

1982-83

23.5

5.4

101.5

105.9

1.0

237.3

1987-88

32.5

7.2

105.1

223.5

2.9

371.2

1992-93

58.0

12.4

136.8

316.2

4.9

528.3

1993-94

64.7

13.6

137.7

329.4

5.0

550.4

1994-95

84.3

16.1

140.8

329.4

5.9

576.5

1995-96

99.00

19.1

143.6

293.5

6.4

561.6

1996-97

108.8

20.6

168.6

293.5

5.8

597.3

(Statistical Abstracts of Punjab, 1983, 1988 and 1992 to 1997)

 

State Aid of Industries

            Prior to 1981-82 the industrial units in the State were eligible for grants-in-aid and subsidy on the loans advanced under the Punjab State Aid to Industries Act, 1935. But this practice has been discontinued and now the incentives to the industrial units set up ion the State are given under various industrial policies framed by the State Government from time to time. Under these industrial policies the industrial units functioning in the district are entitled to various incentives on the land, building, taxation, etc.

           

            Punjab Financial Corporation, Chandigarh. - The corporation was established in 1953 under the State Financial Corporation Act, 1951, with the object of providing medium and long-term loans for setting up new small and medium scale industrial units as well as expansions, diversification and modernization of existing units in the State. The details of loans sanctioned and disturbed by the Corporation in the district during 1987-8, 1992-93 to 1996-97 is given below:

 

(Rs. in lakh)

Year

Sanctions

Disbursements

1987-88

39.08

10.16

1992-93

8.00

16.00

1993-94

6.00

6.00

1994-95

132.00

--

1995-96

33.00

116.00

1996-97

10.00

9.00

(Source: - Punjab Financial Corporation, Chandigarh)

 

Jail Industries- The industries run in the Jail enable the prisoners to learn different trades. This training proves useful to the prisoners after their release from the jail. During the training period in the jail, the prisoners are paid remuneration. The average number of prisoners employed in the Jail industries, total production and gross profit in the District Jail, Kapurthala are given below:

 

Year

Daily average of prisoners working in the Industry

Production

(Rs.)

Gross Profit

(Rs.)

1983-84

22.08

42,018

4,201

1987-88

16.66

63,481

6,172

1992-93

5.92

1,00,531

10,053

1993-94

4.44

73,193

7,319

1994-95

2.97

15,328

1,533

1995-96

3.80

37,318

1,333

1996-97

2.00

17,550

1,755

(Source: - Superintendent, District Jail, Kapurthala)

 

            Khadi and Village Industries - Punjab khadi and village Industries Board provides financial assistance up to Rs 25 lakhs, to set up village industries in the rural areas. Margin money subsidy at the rate of 25 percent is given on the projects up to Rs. 10 lakhs and 10 percent on remaining cost on the projects exceeding Rs 10 lakhs. Products manufactured by the units financed by the Board are exempted from the sales tax.

 

            The detail of important cottage and village industries functioning in Kapurthala District during 1996-97 are given below:-

           

Serial No.

Name of the Industry

Number of Units

Employment

Production

(Rs in Lakh)

Main Product

1.

Processing of Cereals and pulses

80

167

28.75

Masala, Papad and Bharbhuja

2.

Gur and Khandsari

89

345

40.07

Gur and Khandsari

3.

Soap

2

14

18.70

Soap

4.

Bee keeping

5

5

0.34

Honey

5.

Pottery

116

203

20.30

Bricks, Earthern Pots

6.

Fibre

253

506

52.00

Rope

7.

Carpentry and Blacksmith

234

855

238.80

Agricultural Implements and Furniture

8.

Lime

5

33

7.75

Sand Jally

9.

Bamboo and Cane

182

322

37.80

Cane Furniture and Baskets

10.

Marketing (Sale Department)

2

6

3.70

----

11.

Fruit Preservation

11

22

4.20

Fruit and vegetable preservation

12.

Service

21

29

----

----

13.

Textile

25

25

----

----

14.

Electronics

10

10

4.30

Computers and Electronic Items

15.

Hand made paper

5

5

1.65

Exercise books, Card board, Envelops

16.

Leather

218

389

120.60

Leather Products

(Source  : Punjab Khadi and Gram Udyog Board, Chandigarh)

 

Statistics of Trade Unions. -  The particulars of trade unions, registered under the trade Union Act. 1926, functioning in the district as on 31 March 1997, are given below :

 

Serial No.

Name of the Trade Union

Date of Registration

1.

Jagatjit Kapra Mill Mazdoor Union, Phagwara

8 October 1952

2.

Jagatjit Sugar Mills Mazdoor Union, Phagwara

24 October 1956

3.

Jagatjit Cotton Textile Mill Mazdoor Samaj, Phagwara.

5 September 1959

4.

Sukhjit Starch and Chemical Workers Union, Phagwara

26 October 1962

5.

General Metal and Engineering Workers Union, Kapurthala

1963

6.

Jagatjit Kapra Mill Trade Union, Phagwara

1 January 1964

7.

Sugar Mills Labour Union, Phagwara

30 January 1967

8.

Distillery and Allied Industries Limited, Labour Union, Jagatjit Industries, Hamira

1 June 1967

9.

Mechanical Karamchari Sangh, Phagwara

20 February 1969

10.

Leather and Rubber Karmchari Sangh, Kapurthala

8 October 1969

11.

Jagatjit Distillary Mazdoor Union, Hamira

6 January 1983

12.

District General Engineering Worker’s Union, Kapurthala

16 March 1983

13.

Jagatjit Industries Karamchari Sangh, Hamira

25 May 1987

14.

Rail Coach Factory Union, Hussainpur (Kapurthala).

1988

15.

Rail Coach Factory Union,  Kapurthala.

13 September 1988

16.

District Bhatta Worker’s Union Phagwara

7 July 1990

(Source:  Labour Commissioner, Punjab, Chandigarh)

 

            Role of Industrial Co-operatives – Poor artisans with meager money unite together, and form industrial co-operative. Providing employment to the members of weaker section of the society and to uplift their standard of living is the main aim of the industrial co-operatives. These societies are the only source through which the poor artisans are able to get various facilities like financial assistance, supply of the raw material, marketing, etc.

            The following table shows the number and membership of the industrial co-operative societies along with the value of goods produced in the district during the year 1996-97: -

 

Name of the Industry

Number of Industrial Co-operative Societies

Membership

Value of good produce

Handloom Weaving

8

91

8.28

Khadi and Village Industries

24

336

26.64

Small-Scale Industries

70

1540

180.45

(Source: - Deputy Registrar, Co-operative Societies, Kapurthala.)

 

            The progress made by the Industrial Co-operative societies in the district during 1982-83, 1987-88 and 1992-93 to 1996-97 is given below: -

 

Year

Number of the Industrial Co-operative Societies

Membership

Share Capital (Rs. In lakh)

Working Capital (Rs. in Lakh)

Production (Rs. In Lakh)

Sales

(Rs. In Lakh)

1982-83

314

13,110

20.62

159.41

324.13

285.80

1987-88

235

7,525

48.30

280.87

298.25

245.10

1992-93

151

3,821

42.50

260.40

305.40

277.40

1993-94

130

2,591

36.38

167.15

425.15

387.15

1993-95

101

1,956

48.36

178.80

445.20

390.75

1995-96

102

1,967

49.35

178.84

238.15

178.80

1996-97

102

1,967

49.70

179.85

225.40

202.05

(Source: - Deputy Registrar, Co-operative Societies, Kapurthala.)


CHAPTER VI

 

BANKING, TRADE AND COMMERCE

 

Town and Villages having Bank Offices

 

            Since the nationalization of banks in 1969 and in urban as well rural areas. As a result all the towns and large villages of the district one or more bank branches. To provide banking facilities to all the villages, the Reserve Bank of India started ‘Service Area Approach Scheme’ in 1988-89. Under this scheme each bank branch in rural and semi-urban area serves a designated area of about 15 to 20 villages in the neighborhood. This scheme provided banking facilities to all the villages of the district.

 

            Commercial and Nationalized Bank: - There is no commercial bank registered in the Kapurthala District. The list of the bank branches functioning in the district as on 31 March 1997, are given below: -

 

Name of the Bank

Branches

Date of opening

1

Allahabad Bank

1

Kapurthala

14 July 1969

 

 

2

Phagwara

17 October 1975

2

Bank of Baroda

1

Phagwara

16 May 1975

 

 

2

Ramidi

27 June 1981

 

 

3

Mauli

27 December 1978

 

 

4

Mehtan

2 March 1981

3

Bank of India

1

Phagwara

16 January 1978

4

Bank of Punjab Ltd.

1

Phagwara

7 march 1997

5

Canara Bank

1

Kapurthala

26 December 1978

 

 

2

Phagwara

30 November 1971

 

 

3

Kapurthala

20 December 1984

 

 

4

Kapurthala

8 November 1993

6

Central Bank of India

1

Phagwara

17 July 1958

 

 

2

Kapurthala

12 January 1973

 

 

3

Phagwara

9 March 1973

7

Corporation Bank

1

Phagwara

26 October 1993

8

Indian Bank

1

Kapurthala

18 December 1975

 

 

2

Phagwara

10 September 1976

9

Indian Overseas Bank

1

Kapurthala

30 march 1973

10

Jammu and Kashmir Bank

1

Phagwara

16 July 1976

11

Kapurthala Firozpur Kshetriyan Bank

1

Kapurthala

30 March 1983

 

2

Dalla

10 November 1983

 

 

3

Lakhan Kalan

11 November 1983

 

 

4

Bajaj

7 March  1984

 

 

5

Jagatpura Jatta

2 May 1984

 

 

6

Fattu Dhinga

29 October 1984

 

 

7

Paramjitpur

19 November 1984

 

 

8

Dhaliwal Dona

7 December 1984

 

 

9

Wadala Kalan

21 December 1984

 

 

10

Khallu

31 January 1985

 

 

11

Nangal Lubana

6 March 1987

 

 

12

Ibban

3 April 1987

 

 

13

Bhulla Rai

8 April 1987

 

 

14

Sangatpur

8 April 1987

12

Oriental Bank of Commerce

1

Phagwara

20 October 1970

 

 

2

Panchhat

28 September 1971

 

 

3

Kapurthala

6 September 1995

 

 

4

Begowal

6 December 1996

 

 

5

Phagwara

14 December 1996

13

The Punjab State Co-operative Agricultural Land Development Bank

1

Kapurthala

13 November 1965

 

2

Phagwara

16 December 1969

 

 

3

Sultanpur Lodhi

16 December 1969

 

 

4

Bholath

12 September 1989

14

Punjab and Sind Bank

1

Khera Dona

4 November 1970

 

 

2

Nadala

15 June 1970

 

 

3

Sultanpur Lodhi

19 November  1969

 

 

4

Phagwara

3 September 1971

 

 

5

Kapurthala

4 October 1973

 

 

6

Chachoki

26 November 1973

 

 

7

Ranipur

24 December 1973

 

 

8

Palahi

26 Decmber 1973

 

 

9

Phagwara

27 August 1975

 

 

10

Surkhpur

24 December 1976

15

Punjab National Bank

1

Phagwara

14 July 1969

 

 

2

Phagwara

17 April 1951

 

 

3

Kapurthala

22 June 1968

 

 

4

Rehana Jattan

27 June 1968

 

 

5

Talwandi Choudrian

14 September 1972

 

 

6

Tibba

14 September 1973

 

 

7

Sultanpur Lodhi

1 January 1976

 

 

8

Maksudpur

13 November 1976

 

 

9

Dhaliwal Bet

30 November 1976

 

 

10

Sheikhupur

2 December 1976

 

 

11

Jagpalpur

13 September 1977

 

 

12

Baliar Khanpur

21 April 1980

 

 

13

Mothanwala

18 July 1980

 

 

14

Begowal

26 September 1980

 

 

15

Kabirpur

17 December 1981

 

 

16

Phagwara

10 September 1978

 

 

17

Deepanwali

28 December 1988

 

 

18

Dhilwan

22 April 1968

 

 

19

Kapurthala

12 August 1968

 

 

20

Kala Sanghian

19 April 1969

 

 

21

Phagwara

1 October 1970

 

 

22

Begowal

4 December 1970

 

 

23

Sidhwan Dona

27 December 1971

 

 

24

Bhandal Bet

22 August 1977

 

 

25

Ramgarh

18 December 1979

 

 

26

Manakwahid

23 January 1980

16

Bank of India

1

Phagwara

1 July 1955

 

 

2

Kapurthala

22 November 1972

 

 

3

Khajurla

27 December 1971

 

 

4

Phagwara

9 October 1950

 

 

5

Kapurthala

9 October 1950

 

 

6

Sultanpur Lodhi

1 October 1950

 

 

7

Kapurthala

20 November 1976

 

 

8

Phagwara

6 February 1981

 

 

9

Lakhan ke Padde

14 December 1982

 

 

10

Dhilwan

29 January 1930

 

 

11

Kapurthala

16 March 1988

 

 

12

Begowal

11 February 1997

 

 

13

Phagwara

31 March 1997

17

The Kapurthala Central co-operative Bank Limited

1

Kapurthala

16 July 1920

 

2

Bholath

23 October 1968

 

 

3

Sultanpur Lodhi

26 August 1964

 

 

4

Phagwara

1 July 1967

 

 

5

Nadala

19 May 1977

 

 

6

Kala Sanghian

4 April 1969

 

 

7

Talwandi Choudriyan

30 August 1966

 

 

8

Ranipur

23 March 1978

 

 

9

Baliarkhanpur

8 November 1977

 

 

10

Dhilwan

28 November 1975

 

 

11

Ramgarh

30 September 1977

 

 

12

Begowal

13 May 1991

 

 

13

Wahid At Manak

1 February 1978

 

 

14

Jagatpur Jattan

23 September 1978

 

 

15

Tibba

7 November 1977

 

 

16

Rehana Jattan

21 March 1987

 

 

17

Rawalpindi

17 March 1977

 

 

18

Sheikhupur

18 December 1978

 

 

19

Abrahim Wala

5 August 1978

 

 

20

Surkhpur

4 August 1978

 

 

21

Didwindi

23 September 1978

 

 

22

Kabirpur

23 September 1978

 

 

23

Bhandal Bet

8 May 1991

 

 

24

Sidhwan Dona

13 May 1991

 

 

25

Wadala Kalan

23 September 1978

 

 

26

Khajurla

17 June 1991

 

 

27

Panchhat

17 June 1991

 

 

28

Palahi

24 June 1991

 

 

29

Lakhan Ke Padde

23 February 1998

 

 

30

Dialpur

1 August 1998

18

U.C.O. Bank

1

Bholath

17 December 1968

 

 

2

Phagwara

17 May 1977

 

 

3

Kapurthala

25 May 1994

19

Union Bank of India

1

Phagwara

4 March 1993

20

United Bank of India

1

Phagwara

12 November 1969

21

Vijaya Bank

1

Kapurthala

28 December 1976

 

 

2

Phagwara

15 December 1976

(Source: - Reserve Bank of India, Chandigarh, and Manager, The Kapurthala Central Co-operative Bank limited, Kapurthala)

 

            Deposits and Advances -  The total deposits and advance of Commercial Banks on Kapurthala District during the year 1983, 1987 and 1993 to 1997 are given below: -

 

(As on Last Friday of March)

Year

Deposits

(Rs. In Lakh)

Advances

( Rs. In Lakhs)

1983

138.96

39.72

1988

316.68

74.93

1993

673.40

129.28

1994

789.67

137.00

1995

950.04

180.30

1996

1,148.33

214.88

1997

1,339.25

248.44

(Source: - Reserve Bank of India, Mumbai)

 

            Moneylenders – There was no registered money-lender functioning in the Kapurthala District during 1996-97.

 

Insurance -    

            After the nationalization of insurance sector in 1956. Life Insurance Corporation of India has become the sole agency for life insurance. It started the general business in 1964. But in 1973, the general insurance business was separated and the General Insurance Corporation was formed.

 

            The Life Insurance Corporation of India has been functioning in Kapurthala District through; its two branches, one in Kapurthala and other one at Phagwara. The number of Development Officers and Agents in Kapurthala branch were 8 and 236 respectively whereas in the Phagwara branch their number was 9 and 205. The general insurance business is being done in the district by four sub-sidiary companies of the General Insurance. The business secured by the Kapurthala and Phagwara branches of the Life Insurance Corporation of India in the Kapurthala District during 1987-88 and 1992-93 to 1996-97 is given below: -

 

Year

Number of Policies

Amount Assured

(000’ Rs)

1987-88

5,517

1,75,359

1992-93

7,209

3,27,566

1993-94

7,036

3,37,536

1994-95

6,325

3,76,200

1995-96

7,129

3,73,256

1996-97

7,083

4,05,741

(Source: - Senior Divisional Manager, Life Insurance Corporation of India, Jalandhar)

 

Small Savings

            The gross and net achievements under the small savings in the district during 1992-93 to 1996-97 is given below: -

(Rs. In Lakhs)

Year

Gross Achievements

Net Achievements

1992-93

3,487.26

1,241.32

1993-94

6,149.51

2,165.33

1994-95

7,182.61

3,416.68

1995-96

7,893.51

3,420.94

1996-97

8,240.40

3,716.90

(Source: - District Small Savings Officer, Kapurthala)

 

Growth of Co-operative Societies

            Co-operative movements has proved to be above for the agricultural sector due to its marvelous achievements in the past green revolution period. These societies help on providing adequate and homely supply of credit and other agricultural inputs at reasonable rates. There were 106 agricultural credit societies and 12 non- agricultural credit societies functioning in the Kapurthala District during 1996-97.

 

            Detail regarding the working of the agricultural and non-agricultural co-operative societies functioning in the Kapurthala District during 1982-83, 1987-88 and 1992-93 to 1996-97 are given below: -

(Rs. In Lakhs)

Year

Number of Co-operative Societies

Membership (Number)

Share Capital

Loan Advanced

Deposits

Government

Others

Agricultural Co-operative Credits Societies

 

 

1982-83

100

66,338

33.21

134.21

1,341.74

1,171.49

1987-88

100

72,261

51.37

168.27

1,184.77

1,013.53

1992-93

106

91,930

30.83

227.89

2,078.37

1,966.91

1993-94

106

84,266

23.98

240.06

2,318.36

2,173.16

1994-95

106

84,859

27.03

250.06

2,592.64

2,554.78

1995-96

106

85,659

24.89

256.84

3,087.71

2,879.64

1996-97

106

89,276

19.76

292.98

3,635.99

3,101.36

Non Agricultural Co-operative Credits Societies

 

 

1982-83

44

10,459

---

6.20

21.97

17.19

1987-88

44

11,627

---

7.42

37.10

8.83

1992-93

41

10,915

---

20.00

14.49

18.12

1993-94

12

18,019

---

26.65

3.87

31.75

1994-95

12

18,019

---

28.65

4.55

31.08

1995-96

12

18,023

---

28.71

5.11

17.48

1996-97

12

18,198

---

48.68

178.60

32.27

(Source: - Deputy Registrar, Co-operative Societies, Kapurthala)

 

            Co-operative Market Societies – Co-operative Marketing Societies came into being under the Punjab Co-operative Societies Act, 1954 to protect the farmers from the malpractices of arhitias. These societies also provide storage facilities to the interested farmers, who want to dispose of their produce at a later stage. There were eight co-operative marketing societies functioning in the Kapurthala District during 1996-97. The work done by these societies in he district 1996-97. The work done by these societies in the district during 1982-83, 1987-88 and 1992-93 to 1996-97 in the table given below: -

 

(Rs. In Lakh)

Year

Number of Societies

Membership individuals

Paid up share capital

Working capital

Value of goods marketed

1982-83

9

1,704

7.48

71.87

189.43

1987-88

9

1,714

7.29

73.42

229.64

1992-93

9

1,521

6.08

78.46

584.61

1993-94

9

1,527

5.27

79.98

1,270.95

1994-95

9

1,642

5.60

90.13

2,848.09

1995-96

8

1,643

7.73

91.74

2,012.34

1996-97

8

1,647

9.55

94.56

1,108.24

(Source: - Deputy Registrar, Co-operative Societies, Kapurthala)

 

Regulated Markets

            In order to ensure fair price to agricultural produce and to protect the farmers from unfair and unhealthy market practices, the Punjab Government passed the Punjab Agricultural Produce Market Act, 1961. Under the Act, Market Committees are formed at every regulated market to help the sale and purchase of agricultural produce.

 

            As on 31 March, 1997, there were 5 regulated markets functioning at Bholath, Dhilwan, Kapurthala, Phagwara and Sultanpur Lodhi in the Kapurthala District. The arrival of important agricultural commodities in these markets during 1987-88 and 1992-93 to 1996-97 is given in the following table: -

 

Arrival of Agricultural Produce (in quintals) in various Market Committees of Kapurthala District

During 1987-88 and 1992-93 to 1996-97

 

Sr. No.

Name of Market Committee and year

Wheat

Gram

Bar-ley

Maize

Paddy

Jowar

Bajra

Gur

Potat-oes

Grou-ndnut

Cottons

American

Desi

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

1.

Bholath

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1987-88

2,92,267

---

---

---

6,06,578

2

105

4

595

---

---

---

 

1992-93

4,08,962

---

---

---

5,86.535

---

---

---

2,930

---

---

---

 

1993-94

5,67,263

---

---

---

6,24,858

---

---

---

3,495

---

---

---

 

1994-95

5,20,221

---

---

---

6,03,483

---

---

---

4,421

---

---

---

 

1995-96

5,34,979

---

---

---

4,72,714

---

---

---

3,507

---

---

---

 

1996-97

3,92,081

---

---

---

5,51,312

---

---

---

3,118

---

---

---

2.

Dhilwan

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1987-88

2,35,737

6

---

---

2,27,140

---

5

---

125

---

---

---

 

1992-93

1,59,683

---

---

---

1,87,801

---

---

---

402

---

---

---

 

1993-94

2,32,777

---

---

---

2,60,711

---

---

---

411

---

---

---

 

1994-95

2,26,280

---

---

---

2,29,456

---

---

---

687

---

---

---

 

1995-96

2,32,332

---

---

---

1,58,065

---

---

---

644

---

---

---

 

1996-97

1,87,595

---

---

---

1,84,359

---

---

---

341

---

---

---

3.

Kapurthala

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1987-88

7,64,366

182

---

134

13,12,308

5

1

---

18,357

68

---

---

 

1992-93

6,12,848

---

---

59

12,03,372

---

30

100

57,354

100

---

---

 

1993-94

7,41,282

---

---

288

17,52,559

---

13

---

62,726

---

---

---

 

1994-95

7,05,930

---

---

63

12,16,504

---

21

---

74,928

---

---

---

 

1995-96

7,02,526

---

---

---

9,06,842

---

5

---

58,183

---

---

---

 

1996-97

5,82,652

---

---

---

10,52,682

---

---

---

29,265

---

---

---

4.

Phagwara

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1987-88

3,82,373

25

---

6,577

7,36,268

35

2

415

29,135

33

---

---

 

1992-93

3,39,279

---

---

3,705

8,06,554

---

---

92

38,515

---

---

---

 

1993-94

3,79,952

---

---

1,638

7,81,036

---

---

---

43,379

---

---

---

 

1994-95

4,11,536

---

---

52

8,28,066

---

---

---

47,855

---

---

---

 

1995-96

4,09,373

---

---

1,034

6,97,702

---

---

---

51,516

---

---

---

 

1996-97

3,19,895

---

---

2,967

7,40,800

---

---

---

42,363

---

---

---

5.

Sultanpur Lodhi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1987-88

6,19,749

3

---

12

8,47,342

3

---

17

1,726

---

---

---

 

1992-93

7,12,111

---

---

---

8,00,079

---

---

---

2,248

---

---

---

 

1993-94

8,67,371

---

---

---

8,97,061

---

---

---

2,363

---

---

---

 

1994-95

8,61,747

---

---

---

1,13,233

---

---

---

2,469

---

---

---

 

1995-96

8,92,383

---

---

---

7,89,445

---

---

---

9,878

---

---

---

 

1996-97

6,71,701

---

---

---

8,69,423

---

---

---

10,898

---

---

---

(Source: - Secretary, Punjab State Agricultural Marketing Board, Chandigarh)


CHAPTER VII

 

COMMUNICATION

 

(a)   Railways

 

District falls in Firozpur Division of Northern Railway. It is served by two railway lines. Amritsar-Saharanpur-Mughal Sarai main line and Firozpur Cantonment-Jalandhar City branch line. The Station Falling in the Kapurthala District on the main line are Dhilwan and Hamira on the branch line are Khojewala, Kapurthala, Hussainpur( having Rail Coach Factory), Pajian, Dudwindi and Sultanpur Lodhi.

 

(b)               Roads

 

Roads are one of the most important means of communications. These play vital role for the economic development of a region. Most of the villages of the district are linked with roads. The total length of roads maintained by the Public Works Department (B & R) in the district, as on 31 March 1996 was 1,451 Kms.

 

The type of length of roads maintained by the Public Works Department (B & R) during 1982-831 1987-88 and 1992-93 to 1996-97 in the district is given below: -

(Kms)

Year

National Highways

Provincial Highways

Grand Total

Black Top

WBM Roads*

Total

Black Top

WBM Roads*

Total

1982-83

34

---

34

1,057

45

1,102

1,136

1987-88

34

---

34

1,213

12

1,215

1,249

1992-93

29

---

29

1,404

---

1,404

1,433

1993-94

29

---

29

1,404

---

1,404

1,433

1994-95

29

---

29

1,423

---

1,423

1,452

1995-96

29

---

29

1,422

---

1,422

1,451

1996-97

29

---

29

1,422

---

1,422

1,451

(Statistical Abstracts of Punjab 1983, 1988 and 1993 to 1997)

*WBM (Water Bound Macadam) roads shall ultimately be finished as Black Top Roads)

 

Road Transport

             As per transport Policy of the state announced on 9 August 1990 all inter-state routes are to be operated by State Transport Under Takings* and operations on inter-state routes in accordance with reciprocal agreements or understanding between the concerned states to be exclusively undertaken by the state transport. Monoply routes to be exclusively operated by the State Transport. As regards bus routes on National Highway falling within the State, these are shared in the ratio of 70:30** between the State Transport and private bus Operators. On the State Highways and on other routes this ratio is 50:50***.

 

            Road Accidents - With the increase in vehicles on road the incidence of accidents has also increased. The statistical regarding accidents in the district fir the year 1982-83. 1987-88 and 1992-93 to 1996-97 are given below: -

 

Year

Accidents

Vehicle Involved

Person Killed

Person Injured

1982-83

62

62

35

105

1987-88

274

274

17

4

1992-93

60

60

50

38

1993-94

---

---

---

---

1994-95

92

92

80

103

1995-96

161

161

63

74

1996-97

124

124

63

235

(Statistical Abstracts of Punjab 1983, 1988 and 1993 to 1997)

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

*      Except the routes operate by private operators, which became Inter-State route as a result of re-organization of State of Punjab in 1966.

**    This ratio has been changed to 75:25 vide Punjab Govenrment Notification No. S.O. 112/C.A. 59/88/S.102/97 dated 21 October 1997

***  This ration has been changed to 40:60 including the operations of Mini Buses and Inter0State Operation vide Punjab Government Notification No. S.O. 112/C.A. 59/88/S. 102/97, dated 21 October 1997

 

 

State Transport – Punjab Roadways and PEPSU Road Transport Corporation are two public transport systems in the state. PEPSU Road Transport Corporation, Kapurthala is plying in the district to cater the needs of the district in respect of passenger traffic. The detail of bus routes operated by the PEPSU Road Transport Corporation, Kapurthala is given in Appendix I.

 

            The Statistics regarding the progress of PEPSU Road Transport Corporation, Kapurthala are given in Appendix II.

 

            Private Transport - Private buses including mini buses, taxies and autorickshaws are other important means of passenger transport in the district. As on 31, March 1997 there were 26 private transport companies operating on the main roads. Mini buses are also run by the private transport operators in rural areas of the district. Thus linking the village with urban areas. There were 74 mini bus permit holders were operating in the district as on 31 March 1997. Taxies and autorikshaws usually ply in urban areas. The bus operated by private transport companies in the district are given in Appendix III.

 

            The number of the different type of motor vehicles registered in the Kapurthala District is given in the following table: -

 

 

Year

Buses

Cars and Station Wagons

Jeeps

Taxies

Three Whee-lers

Two Whee-lers

Total Passe-ngers Vehi-cles

Four Whee-lers and above Trucks and lorries

Three Whee-lers

Total Goods Vehi-cles

Tractors

Others

Grand Total

1982-83

82

735

107

56

315

7,495

8,789

698

314

1,012

5,212

---

15,013

1987-88

127

1,292

206

67

421

27,468

29,581

906

376

1,282

9,253

---

40,116

1992-93

249

2,040

318

93

573

36,230

39,503

1,337

403

1,740

11,004

29

52,276

1993-94

268

2,228

352

97

594

38,544

42,083

1,392

407

1,709

11,372

31

55,285

1994-95

293

2,441

386

98

629

43,237

47,084

1,495

418

1,913

11,950

32

60,979

1995-96

313

2,689

429

99

668

47,691

51,889

1,557

444

2,001

12,432

39

66,361

1996-97

329

3,050

538

99

715

53,036

57,767

1,636

463

2,099

12,881

42

72,789

(Statistical Abstracts of Punjab, 1983, 1988 and 1992 to 1997)

 

 

Shipping and Air Traffic. – There is port and aerodrome in the district.

 

Travel and Tourist Facilities – The Punjab Government is making all affords to develop tourist places in the State to attract. New spots of tourist attraction are being developed and touring facilities at he existing places are being increased. There is tourist spot on the bank of Black (Kali) Bein at Kanjli in the Kapurthala town. It is about 5 Kms from the town. It is famous for its lake, named after the named of the village Kanjli. The boating facilities is provided at the lake. Beside a snack bar, a milk bar, a fast food joint and a hall is also provided  for the convenience of tourists. A mini Zoo also exists there. The Punjab Tourism Development Corporation has developed a tourist complex namely Blue Bell Tourist Complex at Phagwara.

 

Posts, Telegraphs and Telephones

 

            Post Offices - Post Offices in the Kapurthala District are functioning under the control of Superintendent of Post Offices, Kapurthala Division, Kapurthala. As on 31, March 1997, there were 2 Head Post Offices, 33 Sub-Post Offices and 106 Branch Post Offices in the district. A list of these post offices is given in the Appendix V.

 

            Telegraphs - The telegraph facilities as on 31 March 1997 were available in 7 Post offices. A list of these telegraph offices is given in Appendix VI.

 

            Telephones – As on 31 March 1997, the number of working telephone connections in the Kapurthala District is 16,625. The detail regarding the telephone exchanges and connections as on 31 March 1997 are given in appendix VII.

 

            Radio and Televisions – There is no T.V. transmitter and radio broadcasting station in the district. The number of T.V. sets installed in the district under the community viewing scheme upto 31 March 1997 was 31.


 

APPENDIX - I

 

Bus Route Operated by the PEPSU Road Transport Corporation Depot

In Kapurthala District as on 31 March 1997

Serial No.

Name of the Company

Name of Route

No. of Daily Trips

Route length (Km)

Total daily Services (Km)

1

2

3

4

5

6

1

Pepsu road Transport Corporation, Kapurthala

Kapurthala - Patiala

(Via Ludhiana)

 

2

202

808

 

Kapurthala – Sultanpur Lodhi

(Via Fattu Dhinga)

 

4

37

296

 

 

Hoshiarpur – Patiala

(Via Rajpura)

 

1

194

385

 

 

Patiala Samana

1

32

64

 

 

Jalandhar – Barnala - Sirsa

1

269

538

 

 

Sultanpur Lodhi – Amritsar

( Via Kapurthala)

 

1

101

202

 

 

Kapurthala – Patiala

( Via Nandpur Kesho)

 

186

930

 

 

Kapurthala – Phagwara

(Via Jalndhar)

 

1

46

92

 

 

Kapurthala – Batala

3

62

372

 

 

Kapurthala – Panchhat

(Via Phagwara)

1

66

132

 

 

Kapurthala – Jalandhar

12

23

552

 

 

Kapurthala – Nadala

(Via Sultanpur Lodhi)

 

3

23

138

 

 

Kapurthala – Tanda – Hoshiarpur

( Via Gardhiwala)

 

2

104

416

 

 

Kapurthala – Tanda –Hoshiarpur

( Via Dhool Kalan)

 

1

94

188

 

 

Kapurthala – Nakodar

6

39

468

 

 

Sultanpur Lodhi – Sri Hargobindpur

1

91

182

 

 

Jalandhar – Bhatinda – Suratgarh

1

383

766

 

 

Kapurthala – Shahkot

(Via Sultanpur lodhi – Lohian)

 

4

61

488

 

 

Patiala – Gurdaspur

(Via Batala)

 

1

275

550

 

 

Sultanpur Lodhi – Tanda

( Via Kapurthala)

2

89

356

 

 

Kapurthala – Chandigarh

( Via Nawashahr)

 

1

180

360

 

 

Kapurthala –Delhi

( Via Jalandhar – Ludhiana)

 

2

415

4660

 

 

Kapurthala – Garhshankar

(Via Banga)

 

2

85

340

 

 

Kapurthala – Moga

( Via Makhu)

 

1

106

212

 

 

Kapurthala – Dharamshala

( Via Jalandhar – Pathankot)

 

1

238

476

 

 

Sultanpur Lodhi –Jalandhar

(Via Mangupur – Hussainpur – Kapurthala)

 

3

68

408

 

 

Dhilwan – Amritsar

(Via Beas)

 

4

46

368

 

 

Dhilwan – Chandigarh

(Via Bhandal – Kapurthala – Nawashahr)

 

1

205

410

 

 

Sultanpur Lodhi – Patiala

(Via Bhandal – Kapurthala)

 

2

241

964

 

 

Sultanpur Lodhi – Talwandi Sabo

( Via Faridkot – Jaito)

 

1

180

360

 

 

Kapurthala – Jind

(Via Jalandhar – Sangrur)

 

1

300

600

 

 

Kapurthala –Shahkot

( Via Sultanpur Lodhi – Toti)

 

2

62

248

 

 

Sidhwan – Chandigarh

(Via Kapurthala Nawan Shahr)

 

1

195

390

 

 

Sultanpur Lodhi – Chandigarh

(Via Kapurthala – Ludhaiana)

 

1

233

466

 

 

Kapurthala – Amritsar

(Via Goindwal)

 

4

76

608

 

 

Sultanpur Lodhi – Amritsar

(Via Goindwal)

 

4

75

600

 

 

Sultanpur Lodhi –Dera Baba Nanak

(Via Goindwal)

 

1

136

544