PUNJAB VIDHAN SABHA CONSTITUENCIES

 

The 8 Punjab Vidhan Sabha Constituencies in the District were: Abohar, Fazlika, Jalalabad, Guru Har Sahai, Firozpur, Firozpur Cantonment, Zira and Dharmkot.

Out of the 8 candidates elected from the above constituencies, 3 had affiliation with the Congress, 2 with the Akali Dal (Sant Group), 1 with the Communist Party of India, 1 with the Jan Sangh, and 1 was Independent. The total number of valid votes polled in favour of each of the contesting parties in the District was as follows :

Name of Party                        Total number of                      Percentage

                                                Votes polled

 

Indian National Congress          1,33,545                                  41,27

,

Shiromani Akali Dal                  62,231                                     19.23

(Sant Group)

 

Bhartiya Jan Sangh                   57,842                                     17.90

                       

Communist Party of Indian        20,046                                    6.19

 

Communist Party of Indian          6,720                                     2.07

(Marxist)

 

Shiromani Akali Dal                  4,762                                       1.52

(Master Group)

           

Independents                            38,427                                     11.82

 

                                                --------------------------------------------

                        Total               3,23,573                                  100

Mid-term General Elections to the Punjab Vidhan Sabha, 1969 :-In the fourth General Elections, 1967, no single political party had obtained absolute majority in the Punjab Vidhan Sabha. Therefore not long after a situation was created. In that situation, no single party or workable alliance of parties could provide a stable Government. In the circumstances, as recommended by the Governor, Punjab, the President of India issued a proclamation on  23 August 1968, under Article 356 of the Constitution of India placing the State of Punjab under the Presidential rules. Thus the Punjab Vidhan Sabha, constituted in 1967, stood dissolved, necessitating a mid-term general elections so as to constitute a new Vidhan Sabha.

The entire poll was conduct throughout the State on a single day on 9 February 1969. Out of the total population of 8,79,599 (1961 Census) of the District, the number of electors was 5,07,497.

This election was held in the same 8 Punjab vidhan Sabha constituencies in the District as were delimited in the Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 1966, and were in force at the time of the Fourth General Elections, 1967. The names of these constituencies were : Abohar, Fazlika, Jalalabad, Guru Har Sahai, Firozpur Cantonment, Zira and Dharmkot.

Out of 8 candidates elected from the above Punjab Vidhan Sabha Constituencies, 4 had affiliation with the Congress, 1 with the Akali Dal, 2 with the Jan Sangh and 1 with the Janta Party. The total number of valid votes polled in favour of each of the contesting parties in the District was as follows :

Name of Party                                    Total number of                      Percentage

                                                            Votes polled

 

Indian National Congress                      1,27,771                                  35.06                                      

Akali Dal                                                 62,615                                  19.72

 

Bhartiya Jan Sangh                               81,614                                     22.05

                       

Communist Party of Indian                    12,576                                     3.39               

 

Communist Party of Indian                     6,871                                     1.73

(Marxist)

 

Independents                                        46,538                                     12.57

 

Janta Party                                           29,129                                     7.77

 

Others                                                  2,993                                      0.71

                                                ---------------------------------------------------

                        Total                           3,70,107                                  100

 

 

Fifth General Elections to the Lok Sabha, 1971 :- There was only one Lok Sabha constituency in the District, viz. Firozpur. The Congress candidate was declared successful from this constituency. The total number of electors in the District was 5,37,573. The total number of valid votes polled by each of the contesting parties in the District was as under :

Name of Party                        Total number of                      Percentage

                                                Votes polled

 

Congress                                  1,60,813                                  56.41

 

Akali Dal                                  1,07,887                                  37.41

 

Congress (O)                               8,635                                     3.03

 

Samyukta Socialist Party              2,796                                      0.98  

           

Independents                              4,965                                       1.74

                                                --------------------------------------------

                        Total               2,85,096                                  100

 

Fifth General Elections to the Punjab Vidhan Sabha, 1972 :-

The fifth general elections to the Punjab Vidhan Sabha were necessitated owing to the premature dissolution of the Punjab Vidhan Sabha constituted in March 1969. It was for the second time that the President’s rule was imposed on the State. In the wake of the President’s rule, emergency was declared owing to the Indo-Pakistan conflict in 1971. The preparation for the conduct of the  new general elections had, therefore, to be made under the shadow of emergency.  The poll throughout the State was held on a single day, i.e. on 11 March 1972.

There were 8 Punjab Vidhan Sabha constituencies in the present Firozpur District. viz. Abohar, Fazlika, Jalalabad, Guru Har Sahai, Firozpur, Firozpur Cantonment, Zira and Dharmkot . The total number of electors in the District was 5,42,936. From these constituencies, 5 Congress, 2 Akalis, and 1 Communist Party of India candidates were elected. The number of valid votes polled in favour of each of the contesting parties in the District was as under :

 

Name of Party                        Total number of                      Percentage

                                                Votes polled

 

Congress                                  1,67,223                                  45.62                          

 

Akali Dal                                    62,497                                   17.34

 

Communist Party of Indian          36,909                                   10.07

 

Jan Sangh                                 37,366                                     10.20

 

Communist Party of Indian            955                                        0.21

(Marxist)

 

Congress (O)                              758                                         0.22

 

Socialists                                  9,723                                         2.54

           

Independents                            51,155                                     13.70

 

                                                --------------------------------------------

                        Total               3,66,586                                  100

Sixth General Elections to the Lok Sabha, 1977 :- The Sixth General Elections to the Lok Sabha were held on 16 March 1977. For the first time since independence, the reins of the Central government passed  into the hands of the bloc  of four opposition parties—the Janata Party, consisting of the Organization Congress, the Bhartiya Lok Dal, the Jan Sangh and the Socialist Party. This bloc was voted into office with overwhelming majority by the bloc of electorate in the northern States. The result of the Firozpur Constituency was not declared owing to some unavoidable circumstances, created by the parities and repolling was held on 26 April 1977.

The Lok Sabha elections were not accompanied with elections to the State Assemblies, whose terms of office in most cases were due to expire in 1978. the Janta Government decided to call early elections in a number of States on the pole that a climate of uncertainty had come to prevail in them in the wake of the virtual rejection in the Lok Sabha  elections of the Congress candidates in several States.  Consequently,  the elections to some States, including the Punjab were held . In the  Punjab, the Lok Sabha elections were held on 12 June 1977  and were completed on the same day. In the elections to the Punjab Vidhan Sabha, the Akali Dal and the Janata Party obtained the majority of votes, defeating the Congress. Consequently, on 20 June 1977, the Akali Janata formed a Coalition Government in the Punjab.

 

Lok Sabha Constituency

 

There was only one Lok Sabha Constituency in the Firozpur District, viz. Firozpur. The total number of electors in the District was 6,31,895. The Akali Dal candidate won the seat. The total number of valid votes polled in favour of each of the contesting parties in the District was as under :

Name of Party                                    Total number of                      Percentage

                                                            Votes polled

 

Indian National Congress                      1,38,835                                  33.57

 

Shiromani Akali Dal                                80,826                                   19.55

 

Janata                                                     86,728                                   21.00

                       

Communist Party of Indian                    45,296                                    10.95

 

Independents                                        61,733                                    14.93                          

                                                ---------------------------------------------------

                        Total                           4,13,418                                  100
Punjab Vidhan Sabha Constituency

 

There were 9 Vidhan Sabha Constituencies in the Firozpur District, viz. Balluana (reserved for the member of the Scheduled Castes), Abohar, Fazlika, Jalalabad, Guru Har Sahai, Firozpur, Firozpur Cantonment, Zira and Dharmkot (reserved for the member of the Scheduled Castes). The total number of electors in the District was 6,53,878. From these Vidhan Sabha constituencies, 4 Congress, 2 Shironmani Akali Dal, 2 Communist Party of India and 1 Janta Party candidates were elected. The total number of votes polled by each contesting party is given below :

Name of Party                                    Total number of                      Percentage

                                                            Votes polled

Congress                                              1,38,835                                  33.58

                       

Shiromani Akali Dal                                80,826                                   19.55

 

Communist Party of Indian                      45,296                                   10.95

                       

Janata                                                   86,728                                    20.97                             

 Independents                                       61,724                                    14.95

                       

                                                -----------------------------------------------------

                        Total                           4,13,409                                  100

 

Bye-Election to the Firozpur Cantonment Constituency for the Punjab Vidhan Sabha :- This bye-election was held on 3 January 1980, as the election of the elected candidate was declared void. The Shriomani Akali Dal candidate won the seat. The total number of valid votes polled in favour of each of the contesting parties in the constituency was as follows :

Name of Party                                    Total number of                      Percentage

                                                            Votes polled

 

Shiromani Akali Dal                              26,590                                     49.55                

 

Indian National Congress (I)                 26,508                                     49.37

                       

Independents                                            576                                        1.08

                                                --------------------------------------------

                        Total                            53,674                                       100

                                    (Source : Chief Electoral Officer, Chandigarh)

Seventh (Mid-Term) General Elections to the Lok Sabha, 1980 :- In the Sixth General Elections to the Lok Sabha, the Janta Party, consisting of the Organization Congress, the Bhartiya Lok Dal, the Jan Sangh and Socialist Party, was voted to power by an overwhelming majority. The Shiromani Akali Dal also supported the Janata Party and it formed the Ministry in March 1977. After some time, defections started and a  Cabinet Minister belonging to Janata Party defected along with some other Members of Parliament and formed his Ministry in August 1979, with the support of Congress (I) Party. the adjustment and compromise between  the Ministry and the  supporting Congress (I) Party could not hold them for a longer period because  of inherent political differences betwe3en the tow parties. Consequently, the Congress (I) withdrew its support and the Ministry fell without facing the Parliament even once. The Lok Sabha formed in 1977 as dissolved by the President under sub-clause (b) of clause (2) of Article 85 of the Constitution on 22 August 1979, for mid-term elections for constituting the new house.

LOK SABHA CONSTITUENCY

 

Firozpur was the only Lok Sabha Constituency in the Firozpur District in the (Mid-term) General Election, 1980. The Congress candidate was elected from this constituency. The total number of electors for the constituency was 7,55,567 and the total number of valid votes polled by each contesting party was as under :

Name of Party                                    Total number of                      Percentage

                                                            Votes polled

 

Indian National Congress (I)                 3,08,915                                  68.72
Indian National Congress (U)                1,14,701                                  25.51
Bhartiya Janata Party (S)                          3,321                                     0.72
Independents                                          22,804                                     5..05

                                                            ------------------------------------------------------

            Total                            4,49,741                                  100
Punjab Vidhan Sabha Constituency

The Seventh (Mid-Term) General Elections throughout the State and the country was held on 3 January 1980. Out of the total population of 10,44,936 (1971 Census) of the Firozpur District, the number  of electors was 7,55,567 for the Lok Sabha and 7,66,350 for the Vidhan Sabha.

The Punjab Vidhan Sabha, constituted on 12 June 1977, whose term of office was due to expire in 1982, was also dissolved by the President under Article 356 of the Constitution on 25 April 1980. The Mid-Term General Elections of the Punjab Vidhan Sabha were held on 31 May 1980 and completed on the same day. In these elections, the Congress Party obtained a majority of votes, defeating the Akali and Janata Party candidates. In June 1980, it formed its Government in the State.

There were 9 Vidhyan Sabha constituencies in the Firozpur District, viz. Balluana (reserved for a member of Scheduled Castes), Abohar, Fazilka, Jalalabad, Guru Har Sahai, Firozpur Cantonment, Zira and Dharamkot (reserved for a member of the Scheduled Castes). The total number of electors in the district  was 7,66,350. From these constituencies, 6 Congress (I), 1 Bhartiya Janata Party, 1 Shiromani Akali  Dal and 1 Communist Party of India candidates were elected. The number of valid votes polled by each contesting party is given below :

 

Name of party                                                Number of                  Percentage

                                                            valid votes

                                                            polled

Indian National Congress (I)                             2,232,270                    48.28

 

Shiromani Aklali Dal                                         58,281                         12.12  

 

Bhartiya Janta Party                                          1,101,475                    21.09

 

Janta (SC)                                                        10,109                         2.16

 

Communist Party                                               64,227                        12.35

 

Independents                                                     14,402                          2.95

 

Indian National (Congress)                                     256                           0.05

                        (Source : Chief Electoral Officer, Punjab, Chandigarh.)

 

     

(a)     Political Parties and Organizations

 

A parliamentary type of democracy presupposes the existence of well-organized political parties. In India, political parties have been in existence for quite some time past, but they were not quite well-organized. In fact, some of them were mere splinter groups of disgruntled persons belonging to some other major parties. The adoption of the British Parliamentary system of Government after Independence, however, called for their reorganization on solid lines if they wanted to exist. As a result of mergers and amalgamations,, a number of well of well-organized all-India Parties and State Parties have been lift in the political field.

  During most of the period since Independence (1947), Indian politics has evolved around one dominant political party, the Indian National Congress, and several smaller opposition parties. The role of the opposition parties up to 1977 remained restricted  to the influencing of the polices of the ruling party rather than to the challenging of its monopoly of power when the reins of the Central Government passed into the hands of the bloc of four former opposition parties, consisting of the Organization Congress, the Bhartiya Lok Dal, the Jan Sangh and the Socialist Party, all  combing to form the Janata Party. Thereafter, the Indian National Congress again came into power with an overwhelming  majority in the Mid-Term Elections held in January 1980.

A brief description of these parties is given below :

 

All-India Parties

Indian National Congress :-  This is by far the largest political organization in India. Having been founded in 1885 with the sole purpose of fighting for self-government, the party has emerged as the strongest political organization which has all along been in the vanguard of the country’s struggle for freedom. After Independence up to 1977, the Congress continued to be the most powerful political party in India, and now it is ruling at the Centre and in the Punjab.

The main objectives of the party since Independence have been to create a socialistic pattern of society , to rid  the masses of their poverty, and to close the gap between the rich and the poor.

 

            On the basis of the first five General Elections, the congress Party controlled the Lok Sabha. it was pushed out of power in the Sixth General Elections in 1977 and again captured power in 1980 at the Centre and in the Punjab. In the Firozpur District, the Congress Party captured all the seats in the Lok Sabha elections held in 1957, 1962, 1971 and 1980. Likewise, in the Punjab Vidhan Sabha elections, it won3seats each time in 1951-52 and 1967, 4 and 5 seats in 1969 and 1972 out of 8 seats, 5 and 1 in 1957 and 1962 out of 6 seats, 4 and 6 in 1977 and 1980 out of 9 seats.

 

  There is a District Committee at Firozpur, and the City Congress Committees in the different towns in the District.

 

   Communist Party of India :-  Among the opposition parties, the Communist Party of Indo has the longest record of existence. It was founded in 1924. The results of the first General Elections, 1951-52, unmistakably brought out the Communist Party of India as a political party with considerable backing. It further improved its position parties in the country. This party never captured any seat to the Lok Sabha  in the Firozpur District. However, it won 2 seats to the elections of the Punjab Vidhan Sabha held in 1962 out of seats, 1 in 1967 and 1972 out of 8 seats, 2 in 1977 and 1 in 1980 out of 9 seats.

 

Communist Party of India (Marxist) :-  The Government Party is represented in the Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha and the Punjab vidhan Sabha. The structure of the Party is the branch in the factory, other establishments and villages, with the local or town committee above it, then the Taluk Committee, the District Committee, State Committee and the Central Committee. This party never won any seat in the District.

 

Samyukta Socialist/Praja Socialist Party :-the socialist parties trace their origin to the Congress Socialist Party (C.S.P.) which came into existence in 1934 as a radical group within the Indian  National Congress. After the achievement of  Independence in 1947, the position of the C.SP. as a party within the Indian National Congress having become somewhat anomalous, it reconstituted itself as in independent political force in 1948.

 

The history of the socialist parties of India is a history of mergers and splits. In 1952, the Socialist Party and the Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party (K.M.P.P) unified themselves to form the Praja Socialist Party (P.S.P). In 1955, there was a split in the  P.S.P which led to the separate formation of the Socialist Party. Again in 1964, both the parties merged to form the Samukta Socialist Party (S.S.P) . This unity was also short-lived and, in 1965, the members of the former P.S.P. separate themselves from the S.S.P. Since then, both the Samyukta Socialist Party (S.S.P) and the Praja Socialist Party  (P.S.P have retained their separate entities.

 

            Republican Party of India :-  This party is a reorganized form of the Scheduled Castes Federation, established by Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, to be in opposition to the Congress and caste Hindus. It aims at safeguarding the interests of the Scheduled Castes and the Backward Classes.

 

            The Republican Party of Indian is divided into two groups, viz. the Republican Party of  India and the Republican Party of India (Ambedkar Group).

 

            Swantantra Party :-  Among the rightist groups, the Swantantra and Jan Sang developed as important parties during the Fourth General Elections in 1967.

 

            Bhartiya Jan Sangh  :  The branch of this all-India party was established in the District in 1951. It has its local branches in urban as well as in rural areas, but enjoys comparatively more influence in the former. The Bhartiya Jan Sangh stands for the maintenance of the Indian traditions, culture and heritage . This party never captured any seat to the Lok Sabha from the Firozpur District. It won 1 seat in 1957 and 2 seats in 1962 out of 6 seats, 1 seat in 1962 and 2 seat in 1969 out of 8 Punjab Vidhan Sabha seats in the general and mid-term election.

           

            Janatay Party :- In the beginning, the Jata Party was merely a State party and came forward to take party and came forward to take part in the Punjab Vidhan Sabha midterm elections, held in 1969. At the Central level, it came into being  when the bloc of four opposition parties, viz. Congress (O), the Bhartiya Lok Dal, the Jan Sangh and the Socialist Party, merged with the Janata Party. It jointly contested the Sixth Lok Sabha General Elections, held in March  1977. Its candidate has never captured any seat in the Lok Sabha elections held in the Firozpur District. However, the Janta Party won on seat each in the Vidhan Sabha election, held in 1969, 1977 and 1980.

 

State Parties

From among these, mention may be made only of the following

 

            Shiromani Akali Dal :-  Founded in 1920, the Shiromani Akali Dal launched the Gurdwara Reform Movement during 1920-25. After successfully liberating the gurudwaras from the mahants, this religious body assumed the political role as representative body of the Sikhs and participated in the country’s freedom struggle. In 1967, it emerged as the second major party in the State and the strongest party in the United Front Government in the Punjab. In March 1969, it formed its own Government, which continued up to June 1971, and 1977, the Dal, with the support of Janata Party, formed a coalition government which lasted up to 25 April 1980. In the Firozpur District, this party captured 2 seats out of 3 seats in 1951-52, 1 seat out of 2 seats in 1967 and all seats in 1977 in the Lok Sabha Elections. In the Punjab Vidhan Elections, generally, this party has been winning 25 to 33 per cent of the seats.

 

            The position of the different parties in the Lok Sabha and the Punjab Vidhan Sabha on the basis of the general elections held from time to time, is given in the following statement.

 

                                 Year                                                Year

Name of party

General Election     1951-52

General Election     1957

General Election     1962

General Election     1967-

General Election     1971

General Election     1977

General (M.T.) 1980

General Election     1951-52

General Election     1957

General Election     1962

General Election     1967

General Election     1969

General Election     1972

General Election     1977

General Election     1980

All India Party

3

1

1

1

1

--

1

3

5

1

3

4

5

4

6

Indian National Congress

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

-

1

--

1

2

1

Communist Party of India

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

Communist Party of India (Marxist)

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

Praja Socialist Party

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

Republican party of India

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

Swantantra Party

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

Bhartiya Jan Sangh

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

1

2

1

2

--

-

--

Janty Party

--

-

-

-

--

--

--

--

--

--

-

1

--

1

 

State Parties

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shiromani Akail Dal 

2

--

--

--

--

--

--

2

--

--

--

1

2

2

1

Shiromani Akali Dal (Sant Group)

--

--

--

1

--

1

--

--

--

--

2

--

-

--

--

Shiromani Akali Dal (Master Group)

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

Independents including unrecognized parties

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

3

--

1

1

--

--

--

--

 

Total

3

1

1

2

1

1

1

8

6

6

8

8

8

9

9

 

 

 

 

(e)  Newspapers  and  Periodicals

If not of foremost importance, at least of great importance, is the fourth estate, as it is popularly called, viz. newspapers and periodicals. This agency educates public opinion and enriches public life. The press takes a leading initiative in creating political consciousness and expressing freely and sympathetically the grievances of the common man. It is, in fact, a powerful agency for revealing public opinion.

 

Newspapers and Periodicals Published in the District and Their Importance

The history of the growth of journalism in the District is a chequered one. A Pubjabi periodical, viz. Punjabi Bhain, was being published about the middle of the second decade of the present century. A Urdu paper, viz. Danda Weekly, edited and published by Behari Lal Dewana, a veteran Congressite of the District, was published from Firozpur in 1928. Its publication was stopped by the British Government and Dewana was sentenced to six months’ rigorous imprisonment. On his release, he started another Urdu weekly, Daur-i-Jadid in 1929, along with the Danda Weekly. Both these papers, however, died as no press was prepared to undertake their publication on account of their nationalistic views. Shri Dewana brought out another paper, viz. Yamdood Weekly, in 1933. Another weekly, Bijli, was started by Master Hari Krishan Das in 1929. Its publication also ceased in 1932 on the imprisonment of its editor. But he started another paper, Nishat Weekly in 1938. Still another paper, Mustar, was started by Khalil Dehliv. though stopped soon after, yet it resumed publication under the new name, Shaula. In order to avoid the wrath of the British Government, the above-mentioned Behari Lal-Dewana started another paper, Salar Weekly, in 1936, under the assumed editorship of Muhammad Din. it continued publication up to the death of Muhammad Din in about 1940. During that period, another paper Paigham, as started and it served as the spokesman of the Shia Muslims. Muhammad Yasin Bat started Daily Waqt from Firozpur in 1936 and continued its publication up to the partition of the country in 1947. Behari Lal Dewana again started two more weeklies Janta in 1946 and Selab in 1947 but both of them stopped publication owing to one reason or another. In 1951, he started Chingari Weekly which continues to be published from Firozpur. There is no daily newspaper published in the District.

            The particular with respect to the newspapers and periodicals, Published in the District, are given below :

Newspapers and Periodicals Published in Firozpur District

Sr . No.

Name of Newspaper/periodical

 Place of publication

Year when stared

Language

 

1.

Moti

Fazlika

1960

Urdu

2

Yug-Marg

Abohar

1972

Hindi

3

Mazdoor Hitkari

Fazlika

1972

Hindi

4

Johri

Firozpur City

1967

Urdu

5

Kisan

Firozpur City

1967

Urdu

6

Khair Khwah Sarkar Wa Public

Firozpur City

1972

Urdu

                                                    FORTNIGHTLIES

7

Quammi Ekta

Firozpur City

1963

Urdu

8

Rafi_E-Khalik

Falika

1972

Urdu

9

Taksal

Firozupr City

1967

Urdu

                                                MONTHLIES

10

Kamal Wani

Firozpur Cantonment

1973

Hindi

11

Anmol Beopar

Firozpur Cantonment

1973

Hindi

12

Thos  Awaz

Firozpur Cantonment

1970

Hinid

13

Jagjit

Firozpur Cantonment

1964

Urdu/Punjabi

14.

Sadai Freedom

Firozpur City

1975

Urdu

15

Fountain

Fazlika

1941

English/ HindiUrdu and Punjabi

16

Ram Sukh Dass

Firozpur City

1953

English, Hindi and Punjabi

17

Chetak

Firozpur City

1961

Ditto

18

Seemant Joyti

Abohar

1962 (1964)

Hindi-English,Sanskrit and Punjabi

19

Manohar

Firozpur Cantonment

1973

Hindi,English and Punjabi

20

Shive Joyti

Firozpur Cantonment

1972

Ditto

 

 

Sr . No.

Name of Newspaper/periodical

 Place of publication

Language

Periodicity

                                                         NEWS PAPERS

1

The Tribune

Chandigarh

English

Daily

2

Indian Express

Do

Do

Do

3

The Hindostan Times

New Delhi

Do

Do

4

The Times of India

Do

Do

Do

5

The States man

Do

Do

Do

6

National Herald

Do

Do

Do

7

Hindi Milap

Jalandhar

Hindi

Do

8

Punjab Kesari

Do

Do

Do

9

Veer Partap

Do

Do

Do

10

Dainik Tribune

Chandigarh

Do

Do

11.

Nav Bharat Times

Delhi

Do

Do

12.

Punjabi Tribune

Chandigarh

Punjabi

Do

13

Ajit

Jalandhar

Do

Do

14

Akali Patrika

Do

Do

Do

15

Nawan Jamana

Do

Do

Do

16

Lok Lehar

Do

Do

Do

17

Jag Bani

Do

Do

Do

18

Ranjit

Patiala

Do

Do

19

Chardi Kalan

Do

Do

Do

20

Hind Samachar

Jalandhar

Urdu

Do

21

Milap

Do

Do

Do

22.

Partap

Do

Do

Do

                                                                              PERIODICAL

1

Illustrated Weekly of Indian

Bombay

English

Weekly

2

Film Fair

Do

Do

Fortnightly

3.

Femina

Do

Do

Do

4

Blitz

Do

Do

Weekly

5

Mirror

Do

Do

Monthly

6

Sports Week

Do

Do

Weekly

 

 

Sr . No.

Name of Newspaper/periodical

 Place of publication

Language

Periodicity

7

Bhiwani Journal

Bombay

English

Weekly

8

Readers Disgest

Do

Do

Monthly

9

Science Today

Do

Do

Do

10

Dharm Yug

Do

Hindi

Weekly

11.

Inder Jal Komics

Do

Do

Do

12

Navneet

Do

Do

Monthly

13

Link

New Delhi

English

Weekly

14

Employment News

Do

Do

Do

15

Surya

Do

Do

Monthly

16

Carvan

Delhi

Do

Fortnight

17

India Today

Do

Do

Do

18

Competition Success  Review

Do

Do

Monthly

19

Science Reporter

Do

Do

Do

20

Sarita

New Delhi

Hindi

Fortnightly

21

Shushma

Do

Do

Do

22.

Lot Pot

Do

Do

Weekly

23

Maya Puri

Do

Do

Do

24

Nandan

Delhi

Do

Monthly

25

Champic

New Delhi

Do

Do

26

Manhorma

Do

Do

Do

27

Prag

Delhi

Do

Monthly

28

Aarsi

Do

Punjabi

Do

29

Akkis

Do

Do

Do

30

Suchitra Kaumt Eketa

Do

Do

Do

31

Neel Mani

Do

Do

Do

32

Shama

Do

Urdu

Monthly

33

Beeswim Sadi

New Delhi

Do

Do

34

Art of Living

Amritsar

English

Do

35

Preet Lari

Amritsar

Punjabi

Do

36

Bal Sandesh

Do

Do

Do

37

Tasveer

Jalandhar

Do

Do

 

 

Sr . No.

Name of Newpaper/periodical

 Place of publication

Language

Periodicity

38

The Competition Master

Chandigarh

English

Do

39

Jagriti

Do

Punjabi

Do

40

Current Topics

Ambala Cantonment

English

Do

41

Vivekanad Kendra Patriaka

Madras

Do

Biannually

42

Chanda Mama

Do

Hindi, Punjabi etc

Monthly

43

Sunday

Calcutta

English

Weekly

44

Sikh Review

Do

Do

Monthly

45

Punjabi Duniya

Patiala

Punjabi

Do

46

Jan Sahit

Do

Do

Do

47

Sahit Samachar

Ludhiana

Do

Do

48

Changi Kheti

Ludhiana (PAU)

Do

Do

49

Kahani

Alahabad

Hindi

Do

50

Kalian

Gorkhpur (UP)

Do

Do

51

Swasth or Jiwan

Puna

Do

Do

52

Vishaw Joyti

Hoshiarpur

Do

Do

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(d)  Voluntary Social Service Organization

 

The humanitarian urge to organize voluntary associations serving a social purpose is a universal feature. Social service in the past was voluntary and not organized in the modern sense of the term, functioning through separate organizations and institutions established for specific purposes. It was spontaneous and made available by the chiefs and well-to do persons to meet the exigencies of the time and the needs of the people. This particularly happened during the  time of calamities, such as famine or scarcity.

Voluntary social service organized by concerted public efforts is a recent phenomenon, closely associated with the democratic form of government, promising equal status and opportunities to all sections of society. The field to social service is one where State efforts must be supplemented by close an intensive public co-operation to ensure quick  results in the working of various schemes sponsored by the government. The welfare of the handicapped and disadvantaged sections of society, such as women, children, illiterates, the sick and disabled persons, and the members of the backward classes of society, has been engaging the attention of the State and the people to a great extent in recent times.

This natural urge to organize voluntary associations to meet the needs of social and cultural uplift of the people has found greater scope and expression after Independence as a result of popular awakening and encouragement from the State in various fields of public activity. In the Firozpur District there are a number of voluntary institutions serving  the social needs off the people in a number of ways. These institutions not only complement  and supplement governmental effort in many fields, but also cover fields of ameliorative service which the  Government may not be in a position to cover. These institutions have played an important part in the educational, social and cultural development of the District. Many of them were pioneers in particular spheres of social  activity, and, on account of their constant and commendable service, some of them have won recognition from the Government and have received assistance and guidance from it.

The existence of such voluntary social service organizations gives a richness to the institutional life which mere governmental action can never impart. The Government have increasingly recognized this aspect and have encouraged and utilized the agency of these institutions for the greater effectiveness of their own efforts. Thus State and voluntary organizations have been playing a mutually helpful role in the development of the District.

The voluntary social-service organizations in the District are mentioned below:

 

General-Welfare Institutions

 

(ii) District Council for the Welfare of the Handicapped Firozpur

 

The Council runs the Home for the Blind at Firozpur. Started in April 1956, the Home has developed into an institute. Its main objects are the welfare, uplift and rehabilitation of the blind.

The admission to the Home is open to the blind in the age-group of 6 to 16 years. The existing number of the inmates is 45. During the training period, they are provided with everything free of cost, viz.  training, board and lodging, clothing, equipment, medicines, raw materials and welfare amenities.

The Home is affiliated to the National Association for the Blind, Bombay, and the Indian Red Cross Society (District Branch),  Firozpur. It gives training to the inmates in different crafts, viz. caning of chairs, making of cycle baskets and other baskets, candle-making, soap-making chick-making, stringing of charpoys, and weaving. The Home has also arrangements for academic education through the Bhartiya braille scrip. Arrangements have also been made for higher education.  Besides, the Home has started courses in  Music (Vocal and Instrumental) which prepare the trainees for the examinations of the Prayag Sangit Samiti and the Paracheen Kala, Chandigarh.

For the rehabilitation of the inmates, the management have provided the trained blind with work by expanding the existing workshop. The workers are paid wages according the existing workshop.  The workers are paid wages according to market rates and are provided with free board, lodging, clothing, etc.

 

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