(e) Sources of Power

            Power is the most important requirement for industrial development today. In the nineteen-thirties, electricity was produced in this district by a diesel generating station. Now the main source of power in the district comprise electricity, oil and coal. Coal and oil are usually in short supply. The regions in which the coal mines are located are far off and its transportation entails heavy cost. The oil production in the country is inadequate. In India, electric power is the foremost source of energy for industry. In most places, electricity is replacing the other sources of power.

            Rupnagar Town was electrified in 1937-38 when a diesel power house was installed by a privately owned Electricity Supply Company.

            The capacity of the diesel set was 500 kilowatts. In 1952, the company was taken over by the Public Workers Department (Electricity Branch) and subsequently by the Punjab State Electricity Board.

            One Thermal Plant having capacity of 5 MV was established at Nangal in 1953, under the control of the Bhakra Management Board Organization. It was taken over by the Punjab State Electricity Board in 1963. This plant has since been disposed off.

            Two hydro-electric power houses were established at Ganguwal (1954) and Kotal (1956), at points on the Nangal Hydel Channel. These power houses are under the control of Bhakra Beas Management Board. The ware released after generation of electricity at Bhakra is diverted into the Nangal Hydel Channel from Nangal Dam at Nangal. The water in the Channel in then used for generation of hydel power at Ganguwal and Kotla where a sufficient fall in water exists. Both the power houses are practically identical in design and the total installed capacity of each power house is 75.5 Megawatts.

            The Anandpur Sahib Hydel Project with an installed capacity of 134 MW has been built at a cost of Rs. 205 crores. The first unit of the Project was commissioned in April 1985 and the remaining three units in May 1985. The Project utilises the additional supplies of water released from Bhakra Power Houses after the completion of the Beas Satluj Link Project. Anandpur Hydel Channel takes off from Nangal Reservoir  upstream of the existing Nangal Hydel Channel and runs along its left side. The Hydel Channel is about 33 km long and has 2 power houses near the existing power houses of Bhakra Beas Management Board at Ganguwal and Kotla.

            Power Houses No. I and II are located at a distance of 18 km and 29 km, respectively from the Nangal Head Regulator. Both the Power Houses have 2 units of 33.5 MW each giving total installed capacity of 134 MW.

            To meet with the repidly rising power demand of Punjab the Punjab State Electricity Board set up a Thermal Power Plant at Rupnagar. It is built at a site adjacent of Nangal Hydel Channel near Sirsa Aquaduct on a piece of land bounded by Sirsa Mansali and Satluj rivers. It is about 50 km from Chandigarh and is accessible from the National Highway No. 21 (Chandigarh-Nangal) near village Ghanuali. The foundation stone for the first stage of the Project consisting of two Units of 210 MW each costing Rs. 370 crores was laid by then Prime Minister of India on 30 December 1980. The first unit came into stream on 26 September 1984 in a span of 40 months against the national average of 60 months. The second unit was commissioned on 29 March 1985 in a period of 37 months, which is an all-India record. The two units are producing about 2,500 million units of electricity annually and have provided employment to more than 2,500 persons.

            The Plant had achieved national distinction for its outstanding performance and recored in generation of power. It performed admirable during the first year of operation in 1984-84 and achieved an average Plant Load Factor of 79.4 per cent which was rated as the highest in the country among all the 210 MW Stations by the Central Electricity Authority. In recognition of its meritorious performance during 1985, it was also awarded Rs. 4 lakhs by the Ministry of Energy, Government of India.

            To achieve self-sufficiency in power and to further boost the industrial development of the State, the Plant had vigorously undertaken the work of second stage comprising 2 X 210 MW units. The construction of second stage costing Rs. 352 crores is in advances stage. The third unit is scheduled to be commissioned during 1987-88 and the fourth during 1988-89. The total installed capacity of the Thermal Plant after completion of the second stage will be 840 MW.

            The electrification projects remained under the Punjab Public Works Department (Electricity Branch) from 1933 to 1959. On 1 February  1959, the Punjab State Electricity Board was established which took over the functions of generation, transmission and distribution of power.

            Rupnagar District is served by three electrical divisions of the Punjab State Electricity Board, The Rupnagar Division, the S.A.S. Nagar Division and the Anandpur Sahib Division, under the administrative control of a Superintending Engineer. The District recieves power from three 132 KV grid sub-stations at Rupnagar, Asron and Kharar and two 66 KV grid sub-stations at Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar. In addition to these, there are seven 33 KV gir sub-stations in the district.

            All the 876 villages/towns in the district (actually 99.88 per cent of the total number) are electrified. The umber of the industrial consumers and the number of units consumed by these industrial concerns in the district, during the period from 1973-74 to 1982-83 is given below :-

Year

Number of Industrial Consumers

Units consumed

1973-74

714

2,42,71,814

1974-75

780

2,94,68,667

1975-76

834

3,49,96,952

1976-77

1,119

4,12,79,425

1977-78

1,113

4,11,10,895

1978-79

1,171

14,04,18,674

1979-80

1,269

16,57,89,339

1980-81

1,345

20,19,00,749

1981-82

1,445

19,17,44,281

1982-83

1,537,

21,36,52,164

(Source: Executive Engineer, PSEB, Rupnagar, Anandpur Sahib and S.A.S. Nagar)

Executive Engineer, PSEB, Rupnagar, Anandpur Sahib and S.A.S. Nagar)

(f) Growth and Development of Industries

            The Punjab Government is promoting industrial development in the small scale as well as medium and large scale sectors. In order to facilitate the development of more industries, the State Government started a number of schemes to attract more and more entrepreneurs to set up industries. Besides, the Director of Industries, Punjab, offers technical guidance to help new entrepreneurs to select suitable industries.

            The manufacture of sugar, steel pipes, dry batteries, woollen and cotton textiles, electrical equipments and chemicals is taken up in medium scale industries. Among the small scale industries are those for agricultural implement, television sets, rubber goods, paper board, sewing machine parts, starch and glucose, steel and wooden furniture, lock making, sodium silicate, machine tools, automobile parts, sanitary fitting, synthetic ribbons pesticides and plastic and P.V.C. goods.

            In 1982-83, there were 2 industrial units engaged in the large scale sector, 19 in medium scale sector and 1,638 units in the small scale sector and 996 units in the non SIDO (Non Small Industries Development Organization) industries in the district. These units employed 5,284 persons in the large scale sector, 5,861 in the medium scale sector, 6,460 in the small scale sector and 2,162 in the Non SIDO industries. The investment limit in the case of small scale industrial undertakings, ancillary industrial undertakings, medium scale industrial undertakings, and large scale industrial undertakings in plant and machinery had recently been increased to Rs. 35 lakhs, Rs. 35 lakhs to Rs. 45 lakh, Rs. 45 lakhs to Rs. 5 crores and above Rs. 5 crores, respectively.

(g) Industries and Manufactured of the District

            Since the district lacks mineral resources there is no possibility of starting any basic industry in Rupnagar., The existing industries in the district may be classified under the heads, viz. large scale, medium scale and small scale industries.

(i)                 Large Scale Industries

In 1982-83, there were 2 units, in the large scale sector in the district, which are detailed below :

(1) National Fertilizers Limited Naya Nangal :- There is one unit for manufacture of chemical fertilizers, the National Fertilizer Limited, Naya Nangal, and a small unit for granulating fertilizers, the MARKFED Fertilizers, Anandpur Sahib, The National Fertilizer Limited, Naya Nangal was registered on 20 June 1957. Following re-organization of the Fertilizers Corporation of India on 1 April 1978, The Nangal Unit had been merged with the National Fertilizers Limited. The Project involves a capital outlay of Rs. 16,755.83 lakhs, During 1982-83 the unit employed 3,345 persons and produced Calcium Amonium Nitrate (C.A.N.) and Heavy Water Oxygen worth Rs. 11,888.16 lakhs.

The MARKFED Fertilizers Plant was established in 1973 at Anandpur Sahib with a capital investment of Rs. 22.29 lakhs. The plant was closed in July 1978.

(2) Punjab Tractors Limited Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar :- Established in 1974, its capital investment is Rs. 700.40 lakhs. It is only unit in the State which manufactures tractors and self propelled harvester combines. Three models of tractors of different house power are manufactured in this unit. The shortage of labour in the agricultural sector has created a demand for self propelled harvester combines, which Punjab Tractors Limited is also manufacturing now.

In 1982-83, the unit manufactured tractors worth Rs. 3,060 lakhs and employed 1,939 persons. The value of goods exported during the year 1979 was worth Rs. 20.52 lakhs.

(ii)               Medium Scale Industries

In 1982-83, there were 19 units, in the medium scale sector in the district, which are detailed below :-

(1) Panipat Wollen Mills, Kharar :- This unit was established in 1944, with the capital investment of Rs. 1.13 crores for the manufacture of all kinds of woollen fabrics, blankets, shawls and knitting wool. It was taken over the National Textile Corporation on 6 April 1976. The raw materials used are imported tops, Indian wool, nylon tops, nylon waste, viscose tops, viscose waste and imported woollen-rags. The unit caters mainly to requirements of the Defence Ministry. In the year 1982-83, the average employment of the unit was 694 persons, the production Rs. 180.00 lakhs. The capital investment is Rs. 38.50 lakhs.

            (2) The Morinda Co-operative Sugar Mills Limited, Morinda :-  This unit was established onco-operative basis in 1956, Its capital investment is Rs. 1361.22 lakhs. The area around Morinda is rich in sugarcane and supplies raw material to the factory. Sugar is th emain product manufactured and mollases a bye-product. In 1982-83, the unit gave employment to 603 persons and its production was worth Rs. 963.82 lakhs.

            (3) Kharar Textile Mills, Kharar :- Established in 1962, its capital investment is Rs. 284.73 lakhs. The raw material consumed by the unit is staple cotton, procured through the Cotton Corporation of India. The unit produces cotton blended and staple yarn. The total output of the unit in 1982-83 was worth Rs. 631.07 lakhs. It employed 1,100 persons during that year.

            (4) Mahavir Vanaspati, Kharar :- The unit was established in 1971 under the name of Ranbir Chemical Industries Private Limited at Kharar, with an investment of Rs. 35 lakhs. This unit is now on lease with the Mahavir Vanaspati Company. The main raw materials are the cotton seed oil, rice bran oil, mahuwa oil, watermelon oil, soyabean oil, palm oil, sunflower oil, til oil tec. The raw material is obtained through the State Trading Corporation and is also purchased from the open market. The main products of the unit are vegetable oil and refined oil, and acid oil and soap stock are bye-products. In 1982-83, the unit employed 85 persons and produced goods worth Rs. 285 lakhs.

(5) Molins of India Limited, Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar :- This unit was established in 1968 at Chandigarh. Its capital investment is Rs. 180.15 lakhs. The factory was shifted to Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar in 1973. The main raw materials required by the industry are ferrous and non-ferrous metals. Machines and spares from cigarette and other engineering industry are produced by this unit.

In 1982-83, the unit employed 396 persons and producted goods worth Rs. 456.15 lakhs.

(6) Malwa Steel Tubes (Private) Limited, Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar :- The only steel tube mill in the State is located at Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar, the project involved a capital outlay of Rs. 36 lakhs and started production in 1974. The main products of the mill are Black and G.I. Steel popes of various diameter for the conveyance of gas, water, oil and petroleum. The raw materials requires are skelp and H.R. coils which are obtained through Steel Authority of India, Limited. In 1982-83, the unit employed 18 workers and produced goods worth Rs. 4.00 lakhs.

            (7) Punjab Anand Batteries Limited, Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar :-  This unit was established in 1974. Its capital investment is Rs. 507.85 lakhs. It produces dry cell batteries, metal jackets and paper jackets. The main raw materials required by the industry are acetylone block, metal jackets and paper (milk plug). Most of the raw material except paper is imported. In 1982-83, the unit produced goods worth Rs. 48.86 lakhs and employed 846 persons.

            (8) Ranbaxy Laboratories Limited, Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar :-  This unit was established i 1974. Its capital investment is Rs. 300 lakhs. The raw material required from the industry in indigenous as well as imported.

            The main items produced by the industry are bulk drugs. i.e. chloroquine phosphate, ampicillin, trihydrate, etc. The unit gave employment to 285 persons and produced goods worth  161.00 lakhs of rupees during 1982-83

            (9) Punjab Digital Industrial System Limited, Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar :-  The unit was started in 1977. Its capital investment is Rs. 20.06 lakhs. The raw material used by the industry is indigenous. The main products of the industry are digital phone meter and multi meters/

            During 1982-83, the unit employed 31 workers and produced meters worth Rs. 8.40 lakhs.

            (10) Punjab Display Devices Limited, Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar :- Established in 1976, its capital investment is Rs. 182.70 lakhs. The raw material consumes by the unit is indigenous as well as imported. The main products of the industry are T.V. picture tubes, C.R.T. and watch assembling Quartz System(QS.).

            During 1982-93, the unit employed 272 persons and produced goods worth Rs. 153 lakhs.

            (11) Punjab Semi Conductor Devices Limited, Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar :- The unit was established in 1976 and its capital investment is Rs. 90.48 lakhs. The raw materials consumed by the industry are indigenous as well as imported. The main products of the industry are rectifiers, power transistors, power rectifiers etc.

            During 1982-83, the unit employed 232 persons and produced goods worth Rs. 48.65 lakhs.

            (12) Punjab Recorders Limited, Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar :- The unit was established in 1977 and its capital investment is Rs. 31.69 lakhs. The raw material consumed by the industry are indigenous and imported. The main products of the industry are drilling machines and OEM recorders.

            During 1982-83, the unit employed 52 persons and produced goods worth Rs. 18.20 lakhs.

            (13) Punjab Bio-Medical Equipment Limited, Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar :- The unit was established on 1977 and its capital investment is Rs. 20.68 lakhs. The raw material consumed by the industry are indigenous as well as imported, The main products of the industry are E.C.G. machines, dental X-ray 1010, portable X-ray 7020 etc.

            During 1982-83, the unit employed 53 persons and produced goods worth Rs. 4.40 lakhs.

            (14) Punjab Wireless System Limited, Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar :-  The unit was established in 1975. Its capital investment is Rs. 118.18 lakhs. The raw material used by the industry are indigenous and imported. The main products of the industry are V.H.F, sets and H.F. sets.

            During 1982-83, the unit gave employment to 347 persons and produced goods worth Rs. 370.37 lakhs.

            (15) Punjab Electronic Components Limited, Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar :-  The unit was established in 1978 and its capital investment is Rs. 295.20 lakhs. The raw material consumed by the unit are indigenous and imported. The main products of the industry are ceramic capacitors.

            During 1982-83, the unit employed 124 persons and produced goods wroth Rs. 47.42 lakhs.

            (16) Universal Magnetic Limited, Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar :-  The unit was established in 978. Its capital investment is Rs. 29.46 lakhs. The raw material consumed by the industry are indigenous and imported. The main products of the industry are magnetic heading and erasing heads,

            During 1982-83, the unit gave employment to 55 persons and produced goods worth Rs. 9.15 lakhs.

            (17) Punjab Acumeasures Limited, Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar :- This unit was established in 1976. Its capital investment is Rs. 124.44 lakhs. The raw material consumed by the industry are indigenous. The main products of the industry are vernier caliper, external micrometers, gauges and screw plug changer etc.

            During 1982-83, the unit employed 89 persons and produced goods worth Rs. 22.58 lakhs.

            (18) Punjab Tractors Limited, Foundry P.O. Majri :- The unit was established in 1980. Its capital investment is Rs. 151.13 lakhs. The main raw material consumes by the unit are indigenous. The main product of the industry are grey iron casting.

            During 1982-83, the unit employed 403 persons and produced goods worth Rs. 163.70 lakhs.

            (19) Swaraj Harvestor Factory, Combine Division, Chaper Chiri :- This unit was established in 1980. Its capital investment is Rs. 224.87 lakhs. The main raw material consumed by the industry are indigenous. The unit produces harvestor combines.

            During 1982-83, the unit employed 186 persons and manufactured harvestor combines worth Rs. 239.40 lakhs.

            (20) Punjab Alkalies and Chemicals Limited, Naya Nangal :- The company was established on 1 December, 1975 and the commercial production of the Unit started 30 January, 1984. Its capital investment as on 30 June 1985 was Rs. 3,407.13 lakhs. The main items of production include caustic soda, liquid chlorine, bleach liquor, hydrochloric acid and hydrogen gas,

            During 1984-85 (1 July1984 to 30 June 1985), the unit produced 23,001 MT caustic soda, 10,882 MT of liquid chlorine, 25,395 MT of hydrochloric acit, 11,184 MT (liquor/qty.) of bleach liquor and 22.89 lakhs MM3 hydrogen gas. The sale of the unit during the year was worth Rs. 1269.93 lakhs. The unit gave employment to 300 persons as on 31 October 1986.

            (21) Punjab National Fertilizers and Chemicals Limited, Naya Nangal :- The company was incorporated on 17 February, 1976 and the commercial production of the unit commenced on 26 January 1985. Its capital investment as on 31 December 1985 was Rs. 42.51 crores. The main items of production are soda ash and ammonium chloride fertilizers. Training programmes are organised to equip the emplyees with the latest developments and techniques in various disciplines.

            During 1984-85(1 October 1984 to 31 December 1985), the unit produced 27,527 MT of soda ash and 26,404 of ammonium chloride fertilizer worth Rs. 1,563.80 lakhs. The sale of the unit during the period was worth Rs. 1,255.33 lakhs. The unit gave employment to 489 persons as on 30 September 986.

(iii)             Small Scale Industries

There are a large number of small scale units in the district and it is not possible to describe each industry. The following small scale industries running in Rupnagar District are mentioned below :-

(1) Agricultural Implements :- With the recent adoption of modern technology for agricultrual production, there is an increasing demand for simple agricultural implements which are manufactured in small scale units and also in cottage units. Most of the small scale unit are located in Rupnagar, Kharar, Morinda, Anandpur Sahib, Kurali and Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar. The essential raw materials for the industry are iron, steel and coal, besides, black sheets, iron rounds, plates, M>S> rounds and steel balls. The main products harrows, seed-cum-fertilizers drills, dis-harrows, earth levellers, tractors trailors and threshers. The cottage units are located in many villages and manufacture kassies, khurpas, sickles and other traditional implements. In 1982-83, there ware 206 small scale units in the district, which employed 510 persons. Their annual production was worth Rs. 105.70 lakhs.

(2) Flour Mills :-  It is a common industry carried on in every district. Flour chakkies are seen in almost every notable village, Each unit employs two or three persons. During 1982-83, there were 5 registers flour mills in the district. Their output in terms of money was estimated at Rs. 1.24 lakhs and they employed 10 persons.

(3) Oil Mills :- In 1982-83, there were 16 oil expelling units located at Kurali, Morinda and Kharar, besides 50 cottage units scattered all over the district. Cotton seeds, sarson, toria, groundnut, linseed, etc. are crushed for extracting oil. During 1982-83, the small scale units employed 53 workers and produced goods worth Rs. 16.10 lakhs.

(4) Rice Shellers :- Rice shelling is an important agro-bases industry. In 1982-83, there ware 17 rice shellers in the district. These shellers employed 159 persons and their output was estimated at Rs. 413.20 lakhs.

(5) Starch and Glucose :- A single unit was established in Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar with an investment of Rs. 10.50 lakhs. The main raw material of the industry is maize which is obtained from the grain markets of the State. The main products of this industry are starch and glucose. In 1982-83 the unit employed 160 persons and the annual production was worth Rs. 100.00 lakhs.

(6) Tarpaulin Manufacturing :- In 1982-83, there were two units functioning in the district. The production of these units was worth Rs. 3.50 lakhs and it employed 34 persons.

(7) Steel Furniture :- The industry is concentrated at Rupnagar, Morinda, and Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar. The items manfactured includes safes, vaults, trunks, drums, tanks, metal containers, steel almirahs, racks, etc. In 1982-83, there were 46 units in the district, which employed 147 persons and their trun-over was Rs. 34.00 lakhs.

(8) Wooden Furniture, Cupboards, Shelves, Table Tennis Tables :-  All kinds of furniture are made in the district. The primary raw material of the industry is wood. Besides, methylated sprit, lac, plywood, nails, screws, etc. are also used. Its products are marketed throughout the district. In 1982-83, 123 manufacturing units were engaged in the industry employing 340 persons and producing goods worth Rs. 56.10 lakhs. Besides, 45 saw mills employing 124 persons produced goods worth Rs. 20.50 lakhs.

(9) Printing Presses :-  There are 28 small scale printing presses in the district. These are mostly engaged in printing of account books, journals, manufacturing of exercise books, cards, dairies, vouchers, letter-heads and handbills, etc. These unit usually do job work. During 1982-83, these units employed 83 persons and their annual turnover was worth Rs. 34.10 lakhs.

(10) Rubber Goods :-  The number of units manufacturing rubber goods including rubber foot-wear, rubber industrial and domestic goods, foam rubber mattresses and cushions and rubber beltings, saddle covers increased from one in 1976-77 to 7 in 1982-83. The machinery used by these factories includes motors, boilers, presses, mixture machines and colouring machines. The main raw materials required by this industry are solid rubber, scrap, old rubber, clay, chemicals and colours . In 1982-83, these units employed 51 persons and their output was aroung Rs. 38.30 lakhs.

(11) Pesticides :-  There are only three units engaged in the production of pesticides  in the district. These unit are located at Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar. In 1982-83, these units produced pesticides worth Rs. 63.10 lakhs and employed 98 persons.          

(12) Lock making :- Lock making is  a traditional industry located at Rupnagar. Since the partition of the country and the consequent migration of Muslim artisans to Pakistan, the industry suffered considerably. During 1982-83, there were 19 units working at Rupnagar and Kurali with an investment of Rs. 8.70 lakhs. These units employed 102 persons and produced goods worth Rs. 16.30 lakhs.

(13) Plastic Goods :-  This industry is of recent origin. The production of plastic goods has gone up in the district. Various metal items have been replace by plastic goods. In 1982-83, there were 7 units employing 41 persons and the annual production was worth Rs. 31.50 lakhs.

(14) Polythene Bags :-  There are 3 units at Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar engaged in the production of polythene bags of various sizes. The total investment of the units stood at Rs. 14.60 lakhs. During 1982-83, the industry produced goods worth Rs. 24.25 lakhs and employed 60 persons.

(15) Washing Soap :-  Production from this traditional industry meets the demand of the district and surrounding areas. No machinery is required by the industry. The utensils needed by it include karahas of various capacities, dyes, sanchas, etc. The essential raw material of the industry are vegetable oils, soap stone, sodium silicate and caustic soda. The products of the industry are washing soap and detergent powder. In 1982-83, 11 units employing 42 persons produced goods worth Rs. 16.29 lakhs.

(16) Machine Tools :-   With the rapid development of the industry in the State, machine tools and hand tools are also being manufactured in the district. The main raw materials include iron and steel, cast iron, gun metal and aluminium. In 1982-83, 6 units were engaged in the industry which gave employment to 65 persons and produced goods worth Rs. 44.80 lakhs.

(17) Paper Boards, Straw Boards and Packaging Paper :-  The main raw materials of this industry are paper waste, grass and rags. There are 2 units of packaging paper and paper boards and straw boards which employed 55 persons and produced goods worth Rs. 12.80 lakhs during 1982-82.

(18) Envelopes and Paper Boxes :- There are only two units at Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar manufacturing envelops and paper boxes. The demand for the product of this industry has gone up. In 1982-83, these units produced goods worth Rs. 6.00 lakhs and employed 32 persons.

(19) Manufacturing of Asbestos Cement Production, Mozaic Glazed Tiles and Pipes :-  The products of this industry are required for building purposes. It offers a good scope for expansion due to overall spurt in the construction work. The machinery required by it consists of hand presses and patterns. The essential raw materials of the industry are bajri, cement, wire, colours and sand. During 1982-83, 19 units employing 125 persons produced goods worth Rs. 66.10 lakhs.

(20) Storage Batteries :-  There is one unit engaged in this manufacture of batteries. M.S. Black sheets, super enammelled copper wire and lamps are some of the items of raw material and components of the industry. In 1982-83, the unit produced goods worth Rs. 11.20 lakhs and employed 6 persons.

(21) Television Sets and Antenna :-  With the proposed expansion of television networks in the country, the assembly of television sets, its parts and audio equipment is bound to increase sharply. A unit was established at Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar in 1973 with an investment of Rs. 12 lakhs. The main parts used in assembling are, resisters, capacitors, picture tubes, semi conductor devices which are obtained from Philips India, Asian Electronics, Diamond Radio, Keltron, Bush India, Surson Industries, Punjab Display Devices Limited, Punjab Semi Conductor Devices Limited and Continental Devices. The Ics are imported from Holland. Cabnets and metal parts are locally obtained. In 1982-83, three units produced goods worth Rs. 74.10 lakhs and gave employment to 80 workers.

(22) Electrical Apparatus and Appliances :-  The increase in power generation has created a growing demand for electric motors and electric consumer goods. The raw materials for the industry are brass sheet, copper and zinc rods and wires pig iron, card board, corrogated sheets. H.B. Wire and spring steel wire. In 1982-83,6 units were engaged in the industry employing 40 persons. The total production during the year was Rs. 39.80 lakhs.

(23) Candle making :-  There are 23 units manufacturing different sizes of candles in the district. Their products are marketed locally. In 1982-83, these units employed 45 workers and produced goods worth Rs. 6.46 lakhs.

(24) Automobile Parts and Accessories ( including Auto Rickshaws, Motor Cycles and Scooters)  As many as 31 units are engaged in the production of auto parts in the district. The basic raw material are aluminium alloy, alloy steel, etc. In 1982-83, these units produced goods worth Rs. 65.10 lakhs and employed 172 persons.

(25) Steel Pipes and Rolled Products :-  This industry is of recent origin. Its products are steel pipes etc. of different sizes which are marketed locally as well as in the surrounding areas. In 1982-83, there were7 units which employed 50 persons and produced goods worth Rs. 16.00 lakhs.

(26) Steel Castings and Forgings :-  Most of the units in the general engineering group had their own steel castings units. Besides, there are 9 steel casting and forgings units in the district. There is good scope for its further expansion due to the development of engineering and other industries. In 1982-83, these units employed 50 workers and produced goods worth Rs. 18.00 lakhs.

(27) Structural Metal Products like Doors, Rolling Shutters and Iron Furnitures, etc. :-  In 1982-83, there were 101 units engaged in the manufacture of structural metal products and furnitures, etc. These units are mostly located in the towns of the district. in 1982-83, these units produced goods worth Rs. 62.00 lakhs and employed 304 workers.

(28) Motor Cars, Buses, Trucks etc. :-  There are 8 units in the district engaged in the fabrication of motor cars, trucks, and bus bodies. Durign 1982-83, these units produced goods worth Rs. 32.50 lakhs and it employed 29 persons.

(29) Ice and Ice Products :-  There are 12 units of ice and its products functioning in the district. These factories supply ice and its products. In 1982-83, these units provided gods worth Rs. 69.05 and employed 53 persons.

(30) Manufacture of Garments, Niwar etc. :-  There are two units engaged in manufacture of garments in the district. In 1982-83, these units employed 10 persons and produced goods worth Rs. 4.00 lakhs.

(31) Radios and Radio Parts :-  The essential raw material of the industry are maganets, diaphragms valve tubes, transformers, iron and steel, paints, rubber parts and wires. In 1982-83, 4 units were engaged in the industry which employed 10 persons and produced goods worth Rs. 3.10 lakhs.

(32) Shoe and Leather Goods :-  Shoe making is a traditional industry carried on mainly Harijans, both in rural and urban areas. The urbans units are engaged in manufacture of shoes whereas the rural units manufacture desi jutties. The main raw material required for the industry is tanned leather. In 1982-83, there were 245 units functioning in the district which employed 313 persons. Their total production during the same year was worth Rs. 78.58 lakhs.

(iv) Cottage and Village Industries :-  Cottage and Village industries play an important role in the rural economy. The important cottage and village industries, Non-SIDO (Small Industries Development Organisation) in the district are : Khadi and Village Industries, (KVI), handicrafts, textile, handloom etc. In 1982-83, there were 996 units in this sector which employed 2,162 persons and produced goods worth Rs. 298.00 lakhs. The important cottage and village industries in the district are described below :-

(1) Handloom weaving :- Handloom weaving is a cottage as well as small scale industry. In 1982-83, there were 5 units in the Non-SIDO small scale sector, which employed 13 persons. These units produced goods worth Rs. 1.10 lakhs.

            Besides, 310 units in cottage sector (KVI) during 1982-83, employing 390 persons produced goods worth Rs. 19.55 lakhs. The main products of these units are khaddar and khesis.

(h) Role of Industrial Co-operatives

            Co-operation is a movement for self help and mutual help backed with statutory support in the Co-operative Societies Act, 1912, a Central legislation. Co-operation seeks to promote the cause of agriculturists, artisans and persons of limited means. After Independence, attention has also been focused on the development of industrial co-operatives. These societies provide their members facilities such as financial assistance of raw material, technical guidance and marketing.

            In 1982-83, there were 301 industrial co-operative societies in the Rupnagar District with membership of 2,860. The details regarding the value of goods produced and sale made by these societies, during 1982-83, are given below :

 

 

( In Lakhs)

Category of the Industrial Co-operative Society

Value of Goods produced

(Rs.)

Sale

Rs.

Small scale Industries

9.33

4.80

Khadi and Village industries

2.18

1.15

Handloom weaving

5.60

3.95

 

( Source : Deputy Registrar, Co-operative Societies, Rupnager)

 

            The work of development of industrial co-operatives in the State was with the Co-operative Department upto April 1963, when the industrial co-operative wing was transferred to the Industries Department. In June 1974, the work was reverted to the Department of Co-operation. The Deputy Registrar, Co-operative Societies, Rupnagar is in charge of the Industrial co-operative societies in the Rupnagar District. He is assisted by two Assistant Registrars, Co-operative Societies, one each at Rupnagar and Anandpur Sahib.

            The details regarding the share capital and working capital of these societies in the District, during 1982-83, are given below :-

 

 

(In lakhs)

Category fo the industrial Co-operative Society

Share Capital

(Rs.)

Working Capital

(Rs.)

Small scale Industries

7.69

18.51

Khadi and village Industries

2.62

5.02

Handloom Weaving

1099

4.42

(Source : Deputy Registrar, Co-operative Societies, Rupnagar)

(i ) Labour and Employers’ Organization

            The rise of the cost of living during the World War I, the Russian Revolution of 1917, the spread of movement for labour welfare in other countries and the establishment of International Labour Organization assisted the emergence of the trade union movement in India. Prior to World War I, trade unionism in India scarcely extended beyond the better paid railway employees and some class of Government servants. The grave economic difficulties and the political turmoil immediately following the War led to the formation of a large number of labour organizations. Most of these disappeared just after the War. The Trade Unions Act, 1926, first defined precisely the legal position of the Indian trade unions.

            Since the attainment of Independence, the trade union movement in Rupnagar District has shown a steady increase in the number of registered trade unions. The trade unions registered under the Trade Unions Act, 1926, functioning in the district are give in the Appendix at pages 190-191.

            Manufactures’ Associations :-  These associations play an important role in the development and growth of industries and looking after the interests of their respective members. There is only one such association functioning in the district at Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar, known as Mohali Industries Association.

(j) Welfare of Industrial Labour

            As elsewhere in the world, the traditional conditions for workers were irksome and unpleasant. Often the machinery was dangerous, the working hours long, the wages inadequate and the status of the worker insecure. The workers frequently suffered such problems and accidents, occupational diseases, old age dependency, unemployment, sickness, adverse working conditions, etc.

            To tackle these problems, the Government introduced over the years a number of measures for promoting labour welfare. These relate to the security of service, fixation of minimum wages, provision of subsidized houses, sanction of loans and grants and effective enforcement of labour laws. Besides, in order to make industrial workers conscious of safety measures and the need of preventing accidents, the Government set up the Punjab Safety Council in May 1969, on the pattern of National Safety Council.

            In order to promote welfare of the workers outside the factory, the Government has set up a Labour Welfare Board under the Punjab Welfare Fund Act, 1965. In Addition to the funds which board collects, the State Government has since 1973-74 been giving an annual grant-in-aid to the board. The board also gives stipends to the children of the industrial workers to enable them to pursue their studies in schools and colleges. All establishments/factories employing 100 or more workers have been asked to open fair price shops for their workers.

            For the welfare of labourers, Labour Welfare Officers are employed in 3 factories in the district, viz. Kharar Textile Mills, Kharar; Panipat Woollen Mills, Kharar; and Morinda Co-operative Sugar Mill, Ltd.; Morinda. Under the  subsidized Industrial Housing Scheme, 246 houses were constructed by the Government for workiers at Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar upto the Year 1983

            An Industrial Institution is functioning at Nangal, where evening classes for the industrial workers are held to assist them to improve their skills.

RUPNAGAR

APPENDIX

List of Registered Trade Unions in the Rupnagar District s on 31 March 1983

S.No.

Name of Trade Union

Date of Registration

1.

Panipat Woollen and General Mill Mazdoor Sahba, Kharar C/o/ Padam Shri Woollen, Kharar

 

11.6.1959

2.

Nangal Fertilizers Workers’ Union, Q.No. 4 Type II, Sector II, Naya Nangal

 

18.6.1959

3.

Mill Mazdoor Union C/o Panipat Woollen and General Millm Kharar

11.6.1963

4.

Chinni Mill Mazdoor Union, Morinda

4.11.7963

5.

Fertilizer Karamchari Sangh, Q.No. 39 Type Sector 1, Naya Nangal

17.1.1967

6.

Kapra Mill Mazdoor Union, Kharar

21.2.1968

7.

Bijli Karamchari Sangh, Nangal Township

6.8.1968

8.

Ajay Electrical Workers’ Union, H.No. 390, Phase-1 Urban Estate, Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar (Mohali)

 

24.9.1969

9.

Morinda Co-operative Sugar Mill Workers’ Union C/o Ajit Di Hatti Morinda

 

30.12.1960

10.

Sudha Pharmaceutical Worker’ Union Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar (Mohali)

24.5.1971

11.

Punjab Tractor Workers’ Union, Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar

17.6.1974

12.

Ranbaxy & Pharmaceutical Workers’ Union 1706, Sector 22-B, Chandigarh

25.7.1975

13.

Dowel Erectors Workers’ Union, Nangal Township, 12-Adda Market Nangal Township

 

3.2.1976

14.

Punj Star Standard Employees’ Union, Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar (Mohali)

 

3.11.1976

15.

National Textile Corp. Employees’ Union, Chandan Mukerji BXI 142 Landra Road, Kharar

 

3.11.1976

16.

Kharar Textile Mill Employees’ Association, H.No. 15, Labour Colony, K.T.M., Kharar

13.12.1977

( Source :         Labour Commissioner, Punjab )

 

 

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