Gurudwara Parivar Vichhora Sahib
Gurudwara Privar Vichhora Sahib is situated adjacent to the canal near village Nangal Sirsa, a distance of about 14 km from Rupnagar. It has a lofty flight of 84 steps leading up to the top. Guru Gobind Singh along with his family and followers came to his place after leaving the Fort of Anandpur Sahib. he had not yet reached the bank of Sirsa River, 15 km to the east when he was attacked by a strong contingent under Wazir Kharn, the Governor of Sirhind. When the Guru was heavily engages, another detachment of the Mughals delivers an assault on the first batch halting on the river bank, A fierce battle took place here in which most of Guru’s followers lost their lives. It is the place where Guru was separated from his family and then proceeded towards Kotal Nihand along with two elder sons and 40 followers. The Guru’s mother and his two younger sons were taken by Gangu, an old domestic servant of the family to his native village, Saheri near Morinda. Mata Sunderi and Mata Sahib Devi, the wives of the Guru were taken to Delhi in the guise of rustic women. A gurudwara called Parivar Vichhora Sahib marks the site where the family of the Guru was separated. The construction of the gurudwara was started in 1963 and completed in 1975
A big fair lasting for three days is held here annually in the month of December.
Jateswar Mahadev Temple, Jatwahr
Popularly known as Shiv Mandir, the ancient temple of Jateswar Mahadev, is located in the village of Jatwahr which is about 6 km from village Bains- on the Rupnagar Nurpur Bedi Road. An approach road leads right up to the village. The antiquity of the temple according to local tradition goes back to the remote past. But the present building does not seem to be more than 100 years old, and was built by one Jai Dayal Sharma, a resident of the village of Takhatgarh. There is clear evidence of an earlier temple at the site, in the remains four carved pillars of sandstone can be attributed to about 10th-11th century. There is also a mound near the temple which seems to belong to the medieval period.
The temple is held in great reverence and is visited by devotees from various parts of Punjab and also from the adjoining States of Haryana and Himachal Pradesh. During the month of Sawan ( July-August), people visit the temple in large number on every Monday. A big fair is held here on the 1st of Bhadon (16-17 August). Besides, a fair is held every year on Shivratri in the month of Frbruary.
Situated on the bank of river Satluj, Kiratpur is at a distance of about 10 km from Anandpur Sahib towards the south, on the Nangal-Rupnagar-Chandigarh road. It is sacred to the Sikhs and they immerse the ashes of their dead at this place. It has a long association with most of the Sikh Gurus. Guru Nanak Dev is said to have visited this place when it was little more than a wilderness. Guru Hargobind, the sixth Guru spent the last few years of his life there. The seventh and the eighth Guru was anointed at Kiratpur. The ninth and the tenth Guru also had associations with this place. There are several gurudwaras at his place, which are briefly mentioned below :-
Gurudwara Charan Kamal :- It is situated on a mound overlooking the canal taking from Nangal barrage, and commemorates the canal taking from Nangal barrage, and commemorates Guru Nanak Dev’s meeting with a Muslim Saint, Baba Buddhan Shah, during his fourth round of travels.
Gurudwara Baba Gurditta :- It is situated on the crest of small hill on the left of bank of Satluj. It has a lofty flight of 130 steps leading to the top. Before one ascends the steps there is baoli on the left side. It is build in the memory of Baba Gurditta (eldest son of Guru Hargobind) who breathed his last at this place. Previously, this place was in the occupation of Baba Buddan Shah, who at the request of Baba Gurditta shifted to the place where now the tomb of the Saint lies.
A fair is held here on Baisakhi, when a large number of devotees visit the gurudwara. In its proximity there is another gurudwara, known as Gurudwar Tir Sahib. It was from this place that Guru Hargobing shot an arrow and located Patal Puri.
Tomb of Baba Buddan Shah :- This lies at a distance of about 400 metres east of Gurudwar Baba Gurditta. Baba Buddan Shah was held in great reverence by Baba Gurditta. The legend is that Baba Buddhan Shah lived for as many as 800 years. His tomb was built by Baba Gurditta, who is said to have remarked that whosoever visited his place would certainly pay homage at the tomb of Baba Buddan Shah. It is also said when Baba Buddan Shah was 550 years of age, Guru Nanak Dev met him at the place, where now Gurudwara Charan Kamal stands. Baba Buddan Shah offered milk to the Guru who asked him to offer it in his sixth garb. Guru Hargobind, the Sixth Guru demanded from Baba Buddan Shah the same milk, which the latter gave to the Guru.
The tomb is believed to enjoy magic powers of healing skin diseases. People offer salt, mustard oil, jharu (broom) at the tomb of the Saint. A fair is held there in the month of October every year.
Gurudwara Bavangarh :- This gurudwara is built at the place where the head of Guru Tegh Bahadur brought from Delhi by Bhai Jaita was first received by his son, Guru Gobind Singh, who carried it in a procession to Anandpur Sahib for cremation.
Gurudwara Patal Puri :- The spot over which the gurudwara stands was discovered by Guru Hargobing who spot an arrow from Gurudwara Tir Sahib and named it Patal Puri, A beautiful gurudwara had been constructed here. The place is considered to be sacred by the Sikhs and they immerse the ashes of their dead in the Satluj River flowing nearby on the back of the gurudwara. The ashes of the sixth, seventh and eighth Gurus were immersed here. There are angithas of these Gurus inside the gurudwara.
Gurudwarea Shish Mahal :- It is built at the place where Guru Har Krishan and Har Rai were born. Inside the gurudwara, there is unique collections of glass work.
Close to Gurudwara Shish Mahal, there is also Gurudwara Harminder Sahib, where Guru Hargobind lived. Besides, there is Gurudwara Kot Sahib where Teg Bahadur was installed as Guru. This Gurudwara is known as Kot Sahib, because Guru Teg Bahadur used to hold court here.
Kotal Nihang is a village just outside Rupnagar Town on the Chandigarh road, It is known for Gurudwara Bhatta Sahib, which was buillt in the memory of Guru Gobind Singh. After leaving Anandpur Sahib, the Guru pursued by the enemy reached Kotla Nihang and asked the Pathans there to give him shelter. The latter, jestingly pointed out to a lime-kiln as the only fit place for him to stay in. The story goes that the Guru led his horse straight to the kiln, and on his approach, the fire miraculously went out. The Pathans hearing of this miracle invited the Guru to their house. The Guru gave them certain gifts (weapons) and left for Chamkaur Sahib the next day unknown to his pursuers. A gurudwara was built at the site of the kiln by Baba Jiwan Singh in 1914.
Situated at a distance of 16 km from Rupnagar, on Rupnagar-Chandigarh Road, Kurali is an old town. Previously, it was said to be known as Kanwarwali after the name of Kanwar Pal, grandson of Rana Asra, who migrated from Bijapur near Chittorgarh (Rajasthan). With the passage of time, the town came to be called as Kurali. It is mostly inhabited by Rathor (Dhaia) Rajputs who have three pattis (localities), namely Shahpur Patti, Akbarpur Patti and Fatehpur Patti.
There is a famous dera know as Gosainanwala Dera believed to be 300 years old. About 144 bighas of land is attached to it. A big fair is held on 24th August every year, on which occasion a large number of Sadhus from different parts of the country also visit at place. There is smadh of the Gosain who founded this Dera. Besides, there is a tank where people take a hold dip.
Kurali is known for a school of astrology. There is Martand Jyotish Karyalaya which has been functioning under the overall supervision of Pandit Mukund Vallabh for the last sixty years. It offers services in the field of Indian astronomy and astrology. It publishes Martand Panchang, Martant Alam Jantri (in Urdu), Shiromani Tith Patrika (in Punjabi) and a mini Panchang is Devnagri, under the title of Batuka Panchang, which have a wide circulation of more than one lakh.
At a distance of about 2 km from Kurali acorss the Siswan Nadi, is the Shiv Kalyan Ashram which was founded by a Saint, Swami Shiv Swroop. The Swami came here in 1946 and impressed by the serenity of the place, he made it his permanent abode for meditation. The Swami is a staunch devotee of Lord Shiva and leads a simple life. He is said to be of about 130 years of age and is held in great reverence by the people. The Swami appears before the devotees for a short time in the morning and evening daily, spending the rest of the time occupied in meditation in an underground cell known as bhora. Fairs are held on Maghi, Guru Purinama, Shivratri and Janam Ashtami.
Situated at distance of 10 km from Kurali, Manakpur Sharif is known for the dargh (tomb) of Hafiz Mussa Sahib a Muhammadan Saint. It is said to have been built by Muhammad Shah, the disciple of the Pir about two hundred years back. The height of this dargah is 80 feet and it is spread over an area of 25 bighas.
A fair lasting three days is held here annually, 14 days after Mithi Id in the memory of the Pir. A large number of people visit this place during the fair. Quawalis are arranged on the occasion, when board and lodging are provided for visitors. Devotees visit the shrine every Thursday.
Mata Jainti Devi Temple, Majrian
The temple of Mata Jainti Devi is located on the top of a hillock in village Majrian at a distance of 15 km from Chandiarh. It is connected with an approach road of 5 km from Punjab barrier on the Chandigarh-Mullanpur Road. Surrounded by hill, it presents a picturesque view. A number of steps lead to the temple.
It is said that the surrounding area was included in the Hathnor State which was ruled by a Rajput King during the latter half of the 18th Century. The daughter of the Raja of Kangra was married to the son of the Raja of the place. She was a staunch devotee of goddess Durga. But her in-laws had no faith in the goddess and prohibited her from worship. It is believed that this ill treatment of her disciple infuriated the goddess. The goddess appeared in a dream to Garib Dass, who was a notorious dacoit of this area, and a staunch devotee of the goddess. The dacoit was inspired by Her to kill all the Rajputs of the Hathnor State. Garib Dass began construction of the temple of Mata Jayanti Devi which was later on completed by his grandson, Bhagwan Dass.
A fair lasting two days is held here in January or February every year.
Situated at a distance of 30 km from Chandigarh on the Chandigarh-Ludhiana road, Morinda is an old town which is believed to trace its name from Mor Jats. With the lapse of time, it came to be known as Moran and then Morinda. It is also known as Bhaganwala (the place of gardens), because of numerous gardens of mango trees in this area. Even though the mango growers have largely disappeared, many people of this area continue to call the town Baganwala.
In the middle of the town center is an ancient gumbad believed to be of the time of Aurangzeb. This is built of small bricks and has gates on all sides.
Gurudwara Shahid Ganj in Morinda was built in the memory of Baba Fateh Singh and Baba Zorawar Singh, the younger sons of Guru Gobind Singh. The story is that accompanied by his family and followers, Guru Gobind Singh after leaving Anandpur Sahib had not yet reached the bank of river Sirsa 15 km to the east when he was attacked by a strong contingent under Wazri Kharn, the Governor of Sirhing. In the midst of rain, cold, darkness and fierce fighting complete confusion prevailed among the Sikhs. A gurudwara called Parivar Vichhora Sahib where the Guru was separated from his family marks the site, the mention of which has been made earlier. The Guru’s mother and his younger sons who could not walk or ride for long were taken by Gangu, an old domestic servant of the family to his native village Sheri 2 km from Morinda. There Gangu betrayed them and informed the authorities at Morinda about their whereabouts. Consequently the sons of the Guru and his mother were arrested and brought to the Police Post, Morinda where now Gurudwara Shahid Ganj stands. Thereafter they were taken to Sirhind, where the sons of Guru were walled alive. The sacrifice is celebrated in a fair held in Morinda in the month of Decmeber.
In the memory of younger sons of the Guru, there is also a gurudwara built at the place of the residence of Gangu in village Saheri. Besides, another gurudwara is also constructed in the village on the Morinda-Rupnagar Road.
Situated at the feet of the Shiwalik Hills, Nangal is at a distance of 60 km from Rupnagar, the district headquarters. It is divided into two parts, Nangal Township and Naya Nangal. The town was named Nangal by acquiring the land of three villages, viz. Nangal Nikku, (on 24th January, 1952), Hambewal and Dobheta (on 8 October 1959). It gained importance with the starting of construction of Bhakra Dam on Satluj Riven in November 1955. It is a flourishing township of tourist attraction due to the mighty multi-purpose Bhakra Project which includes apart from Bharka Dam, the Nangal Dam, Nangal Hydel Channel, Ganguwaland the Kotal power houses.
Bhakra Dam, which is situated at about 10 km from Nangal, is one of the highest straight gravity concrete dams in the world. In its rear is formed a beautiful lake Gobind Sagar named after Guru Gobind Singh. It is 96 km in length with a gross storage capacity of 7.8 million acre feet of water. On the down stream the dam is flanked by two power houses one on either side of the river Satluj, each fitted with 5 generators, capable of producing a total of 1.050 MW of electricity.
Cafeteria have been provided at the top of the dam and also about 1 km upstream of the dam. Water sports in Gobind Sagar have been added to make it a good tourist resort. A motorable road to link Bhakra with Shimla and Kulu valley via Naina Devi temple and Bilarpur has been constructed and this has opened the interior of Himachal Pradesh to tourism.
There is a subsidiary dam known as Nangal Dam which is 1,00 feet long and 95 feet high and is meant for diverting water into the Nangal Hydel Channel. In this way, the Nangal Dam holds up the water of the Satluj River coming from Bharka Dam and forms an artificial lake of 6 km length. The Nangarl Hydel Channel including Nangal Dam were constructed prior to 1954.
Towards the north, stands the beautiful township called Naya Nangal which serves mainly the Fertilizer Complex of National Fertilizers Limited (NFL), a public sector undertaking of the Government of India. This colony covers 1,500 acres of land with well laid comfortable houses and providing all the modern amenities for the employees of NFL. The Nangal Fertilizer and Heavy Water Factory located here, started production in 1961 and is the single biggest consumer of electricity from Bhakra Power House. Apart from production of fertilizers, it provides a nucleus for the development of heavy chemical industry.
Over looking the Nangal lake, Gurudwara Vibhour Sahib presents a majestic view. This gurudwara is situated at a distance of 5 km from Nangal. Guru Gobind Singh is said to have mediated at this place. A fair is held here on Bhadon Shudi Ashtmi (August) every year which attracts large number of people from far and near. Langer is served to the visitors and arrangement for their stay is made. At a short distance, there is a temple known as Geeta (Panj Gatran) believed to be the times of Pandavs. A fair beginning from Baisakhi day (13th April) is annually held here for a duration of three days.
There is a dharamshala known was Shri Balbhadar Mal Kuthiala Dharamshala situated on the bank of Satluj River. It provides free accommodation for visitors. Inside it, there is a temple of Lakshmi Narain which is run by the Sanatan Dharam Sabha, Nangal Township. Nearby is Gurudwara Ghat Sahib built in the memory of Guru Gobind Singh who crossed Satluj River from this place in a boat to reach Vibhour Sahib.
Suitable facilities have been provided in various rest houses for the board and lodging of visitors. Besides, the Punjab Tourism Development Corporation runs a Tourist Bungalow (known as Kadamab), which provides accommodation to the visitors with modern amenities. It has a restaurant and a bear bar.
At a distance of about 4 km from Nangal Township is a temple of Shiva, known as ‘Shiv Ashram’ situated on the outskirts of village Mojowal on the Nangal-Bhallan road. This Ashram was founded by Swami Giangiri who first lived in a small hut near the bank of river Satluj. In 1959, he shifted to the place where smadh of Swami Dev Dutt Diri existed Shiv Ashram was built in the year 1970. The building complex at the Shiv Ashram is spend over on about 10 acres of land donated by the people of the area.
Shiv Ashram is run by the Shiv Rudra Junkalyan Sanstha which was founded by Swami Giangiri. It functions under the overall directions of Swami Ji. There are a free Ayurvedic dispensary and a dental clinic in the Ashram. Besides, there is a gaushala, where old and deserted cows are kept and fed. Three days after every Diwali, an eye camp is organized here. A team of renowned doctors perform the operations. About 400-500 patients are treated in these eye camps. They are provided with free board and lodging, medicines, and spectacles, free of cost. There is a two storeyed building near the Shiv temple of accommodate eye patients during the camps.
Fairs are held here on Shivratri, Nirjale Ekadshi and Vyas Puja every year.
This is a small town situated at a distance of about 20 km from Rupnagar, the district headquarters. The town is said to have derived its name from Nuran- a mistress of the Bedis who called it after her name.
There is a grave of Baba Shahid, popularly known as Zinda Pir, situated in the Police Station, Nurupur, Bedi, Zinda Pir is held in great reverence by local people as well as of the neighboring villages. A fair is held here in the month of August every year, which is largely attended. People also visit this place on every Thursday to pay their homage to the Pir. The town also has a Gurudwara Bangarh Sahib built in the memory of Guru Gobind Singh.
The town of Rupnagar is of considerable antiquity. It occupies a prominent place in the ancient and medieval history, and has an importance in modern history also. Recent excavation suggest that Rupnagar was one of the oldest towns in the Punjab. The relics excavated from a mound, known as Nalagarh Tibbi near the Government College reveal that the town had flourished in the past with a very advanced civilization similar to the Harappa and Mohenjodaro Civilization. More recently it was here under a peepal tree on the bank of the Satluj near the Ropar Headworks that a historic treaty between Mahahraj Ranjit Singh and Lord William Bantick, the British Governor General, was signed on 26 October 1831.
The town is said to have been founded by Raja Rokeshar, who rules here and called it after his son Rup Sen. In the times of the Sikhs, it formed a part of the dominions of the Sikh Chief, Hari Singh, and in 1972 came to his son Charat Singh whose estates were confiscated in 1846 in consequence of the part taken by his family in the First Anglo-Sikh War of 1845.
Near the Ropar Headworks, there is Tourist Bungalow and Boating Complex, known as ‘Pinkcassia’, run by the Punjab Tourism Development Corporation, a popular tourist resort. The complex provides board and lodging facilities to the visitors and has a restaurant and a beer bar.
Almost all the district offices which were scattered in different parts of the town have been concentrated in a single building, known as Mini Secretariat.
The places of interest in the town are described below :
Gurudwara Sada Barat :- The place where now Gurudwara Sada Barat stands was an important halting place for the merchants and other travellers coming from and going to hilly areas. It is said that even Guru Nanak stayed at this place while returning from Kiratpur Sahib after meeting Baba Budhan Shah there. Later on, Guru Hargobind halted at his place while proceeding from Kartarpur to Kiratpur Sahib. Thereafter, Guru Har Rai and Guru Har Kishan, Guru Tegh Bahadur and Guru Gobind Singh also frequently visited the place.
Keeping in view the importance of the place, Raja Bhup Singh, the ruler of Ropar started langar which was served day and night to the visitors, and as such this place came to be known as Gurudwara Sada Barat. The raised platform from where Raja Bhup Singh himself used to distribute food to the people still exists.
A big festival is held here annually on the occasion of Lohri-Maghi (January).
Shiv Mandir, Lehri Shah :- The temple is situated on the outskirts of the town and is said to have been founded by a Sanyasi named Hirapuri over a century ago. It is said that Hirapuri used to cross river Satluj sitting on Khadama (wooen sandals) to meet his friends Bandli Sher Shah who resided on the other side of the river (village Asron), and hnece was known as Lehri Shah. The Shiv temple originally built of the temple, there are idols of Lord Hanuman, Durga Mata, Radha and Krishana and Santoshi Mata. A fair is held in the month of February on Shivratri, which attracts a large number of people.
Dargah of Shah Khalid-Bib-Walid :- This is situated on the top of a mound in village Alisher about 3 km east of the town. Shah Khalid is said to be the ruler of Multan and was nephew of a Faqir called Roshanawali. He was killed in a fierce battle fought with Raja Rokeshar, the ruler of Ropar. The body of Shah Khalid was buried at this place. The place is held in great reverence by the people of the area and is visited on every Thursday. A fair in the memory of Shah Khalid is held in the month of May-June. Nearby, there is a Khangah of Masto,a Gujri of some neighboring village, who is said to have supplied milk to Raja Rokeshar. Masto is said to have been turned into stone in consequence of her sarcastic remarks about the headless body of Shah Khalid.
At the foot of the mound, there is a deep well with a stone inscription pertaining to the time Emperor Shah Jahan (A.D. 1627-1658).