34. Allotment to displaced institutions and allotment of land held by evacuee institutions presented special problems. Some of these institutions wen? managed by trusts. The subject of trusts was discussed at the Inter-Dominion level and its legal aspects were to be considered by a Committee. These discussions have not proceeded so far to any conclusion. In the circumstances the following decisions were taken :—
(1) All land belonging to Muslim educational, religious and cultural institutions in East Punjab should be excluded from quasi-permanent allotment;
(2) Institutions which can prove legally that they have moved from West Punjab to East Punjab should be allotted land in East Punjab. In other words if the body in whoso name the property stands has moved to the Indian Union and is legally capable of so moving, land may be allotted to it; and
(3) Allotment to all institutions should be subject to the scheme of graded cuts, but where a registered society has a number of institutions affiliated to it and plots of land were held by these institutions separately, the latter should be considered as a unit for the puropose of application of graded cut.
Allotments to displaced institutions were to be made in the light of decisions at (2) and (3) above. In interpreting the decision at (2), for want of precise information and other reasons, it is likely that errors have crept in. A systematic review of allotments made in respect of land held by gurdwaras, temples, ashrams etc., which stood frequently in the name of individuals is required after the allotment operations are completed.
35. Facilities for settlement homogeneously to members of certain small communities of displaced persons who expressed a wish to settle in this manner were afforded. The communities in question were:
1. Dogras : As in the phase of temporary allotment, Dogras from Sialkot and Gujrat were allowed to settle in the Hoshiarpur district along with the overflow from Kangra district and from Gurdaspur district
2. Labanas: A considerable proportion of Labanas displaced from West Punjab have been settled in the south-western portion of Dasuya tahsil of Hoshiarpur district and the adjoining tract of Kapurthala district in accordance with their own wishes. Preferences of Labanas settled in different districts were considered.
3. Rajput Sikhs: An effort was made to allow Rajput Sikhs settled in the Patiala district to obtain their quasi-permanent allotment in that district subject to considerations of quality of land.
4. Namdharis: Many Namdharis had settled in the Sirsa tahsil of Hissar district in the early days of settlement. Those who desired to take their quasi-permanent allotment in that tahsil were allowed to do so.
5. Criminal Tribes: The question was considered whether members of Criminal Tribes who held land mainly in Government settlements in West Punjab should be settled with the people of their districts in which they held land or whether there should be any attempt to create a criminal tribes colony, more or less under the supervision of Government. It was decided that displaced landholders belonging to criminal tribes should be settled along with the people of the districts to which they belonged. Subject to this, some facilities have been given to them to settle in a compact manner.
36. No reference has been made in this chapter to rules of allocation relating to suburban villages, villages selected for garden colonies, defence personnel and for widows. These special allotments are dealt with in the next chapter.
SUBURBAN AND OTHER SPECIAL ALLOTMENTS
This chapter deals with the following categories of allotment, which are in the nature of elaborations or additions to the general scheme of allotment of evacuee land in East Punjab and Pepsu :
I. Allotment of land in the neighbourhood of towns carrying additional valuation ;
II. Allotment of suburban land ;
III. Allotment of land in villages earmarked for defence and ex-defence personnel;
IV. Allotment in villages earmarked for garden colonies ;
V. Allotment in villages earmarked for the resettlement of widows;
VI. Allotment of evacuee gardens ;
VII Leases of urban evacuee land ; and
VIII. Acquisition of evacuee land for public purposes.
2. By an agreement between the two Dominions, agricultural property has been defined as "land not included within the limits of a Corporation, Municipal Committee, Notified Area Committee. Town Area, Small Town Committee and Cantonment, as these limits stood on the 15th August, 1947 ". Land situated within urban areas is, like other property in urban areas, subject to sale or exchange. For this reason the general scheme of land resettlement comprises only those evacuee lands which are not by definition urban lands. From the area abandoned by a displaced person, therefore, land held by him in an urban area has been placed in a separate category and only the balance of his land, described as agricultural property, is subjected to valuation and cut with a view to allotment of agricultural land in East Punjab and Pepsu of the schemes described in this chapter, the first six are schemes of special allotment of agricultural land. The seventh is a scheme apart. The eighth refers to evacuee lands requisitioned or acquired by Government for public purposes such as extension of existing towns, establishment of new towns, establishment of seed farms, setting up of power plants etc. The distinguishing feature of the first six schemes is that the area allotted under any of them is part of the total area due to an individual under the genera] scheme. These allotments, therefore, are to be regarded as allotments of a special character out of such land as may be due to individual allottees. In this sense they are supplementary schemes of allotment, refinements, as it were, of the general scheme.
It will be observed that of the items dealt with in this chapter, items VII and VIII are in the nature of schemes which are in preliminary stages. Only certain decisions of principle have been taken so far.
3. It was intended at first, that as sufficient information was not available, no account should be taken of the factor of proximity to towns, of land abandoned by displaced persons in Pakistan. With a view to ensuring equity in allotment, however, lands -situated close to towns were to carry additional value, so that those who received allotment of such land should receive smaller areas relatively than others. Additional Deputy Commissioners in East Punjab and Assistant Commissioners. Rehabilitation, in Pepsu arranged for detailed inspections of land situated roughly within two miles of each town in their districts. The factors to be borne in view in proposing additional valuations for land in the neighbourhood of towns were :—
(1) Statistics of sale-price,
(2) Statistics of cash rents,
(3) The extent to which and the directions in which individual towns show a tendency to expand, and
(4) Other factors such as availability of a market for agricultural produce and supply of sullage water etc.
On the basis of inspections and the data collected, officers incharge Of resettlement in individual districts made detailed proposals for additional valuation of land in the neighbourhood of various towns in East Punjab and Pepsu. To ensure uniformity in the extent to which additional valuations were to be imposed on similarly situated lands the proposals were examined by a Committee of Resettlement Officers before they were considered by Government. The list of towns, lands adjoining which were given additional valuations, the names of individual estates and the range of additional valuations in each estate are given in Annexure I to this chapter. In each estate the additional valuation has reference to specific fields, lists of which arc maintained in the Land Claims Office.
4. The value in standard acres of land carrying a certain additional value increases to that extent. Thus, land valued at 50 standard acres carrying an additional valuation of 50 per cent. has the increased value of 75 standard acres. It can then be allotted at this value. Where different additional valuations are proposed for different classes of land, such as chahi, nehri and barani, the value of fields in each class has to be recalculated after providing for the additional valuation. Thus, land carrying a value of 16 annas with an increment of 50 per cent. is worth 24 annas ; land carrying a value of 12 annas with an increment of 25 per cent- is worth 15 annas ; land carrying a value of 8 annas with an increment of 61/4 per cent will be worth 81/2 annas.
5. The bulk of land described as suburban is included in land to which additional valuations have been assigned. To the extent that suburban land is allotted to claimants entitled to suburban land, the area carrying additional valuations is reduced. Land carrying additional valuation is considered both in East Punjab and Pepsu to fall in a special grade above grade I. No one who has abandoned land of a grade lower than the first grade is entitled to allotment of land carrying additional valuations. This is a rule of general application.
II. ALLOTMENT OF SUBURBAN LAND
6. The proposal to take special account of suburban land came somewhat late. Displaced persons who had abandoned suburban land urged strongly the justice of treating suburban lands in a category apart from other evacuee land. The difficulty in accepting the proposal lay in the fact that sufficient information was not available about estates which were wholly or partially comprised in urban areas and, in respect of those partially comprised in urban areas, which particular fields fell within urban limits and which outside. Moreover, since some kind of limit of distance had to be set to what was to be described as suburban land, it was necessary to know which fields would fall within the limit prescribed and which outside it. After much consideration, the following decisions were taken :—
(1) Consideration of the special value and allotment of suburban land should be restricted in Pakistan as well as in East Panjab and Pepsu, to towns which had a population of 15,000 or more at the census of 1941. Towns with a smaller popula-lation would not without special sanction, come into the scheme of suburban allotment.
(2) Claims to suburban land should be considered from such claimants as have stated in their claims that their land lay within one mile of a town with a population in 1941 of 15,000 or more but less than, 50,000 or within two miles of a town with a population in 1941 of 50,000 or more provided that the land was situated outside the civic limits of that town, but either within the estate in which the whole or a part of that town was situated or in an estate adjoining the boundaries of such an estate or the civic limits of that town.
(3) Claimants qualified in the manner described in (2) above should receive temporary allotment outside municipal limits, either in revenue estates which contain wholly or partially towns in East Punjab and the Patiala Union with a population of 15,000 or more at the census of 1941 or in revenue estates adjoining the civic limits of such towns
These decisions were an attempt to define (l) applicants whose claims to suburban land were to be considered. (2) the towns, land in the immediate neighbourhood of which was to be described as suburban, (3) what constituted suburban land in Pakistan and (4) what constituted suburban land in East Punjab and Pepsu. Any definition of suburban land in the absence of information of a precise local character was fraught with the risk that allotment in the suburban category would continue to be subject to adjustments from time to time as new facts came to light- This risk persists. The list of towns in Pakistan and East Punjab and Pepsu which come into the scheme of suburban allotment is given in Annexure II. Lists of estates to be described as suburban both in Western Pakistan and in East Punjab and Pepsu and lists of suburban claimants were drawn up and passed to Resettlement Officers.
7. The amount of land to be allotted on account of a suburban claim is calculated in the following manner. The total area of suburban land claimed to have been abandoned by an individual is valued in standard acres. The graded cut is applied and the net allotment on account of suburban land is worked out. The net allotment is also calculated on the entire holding including suburban land abandoned by an individual. The difference between the net allotment due against the total holding and that due against the suburban portion is given as a non-suburban allotment.
8. The balance of the area in the suburban belt of any town remaining over after meeting the claims of suburban alloltees is allotted to the following categories of claimants :—
(a) colonists belonging to villages earmarked as suburban;
(b) sitting allottees who held grade I land, provided they are within their area of allocation ;
(c) claimants selected for garden colonies : and
(d) claimants selected for villages earmarked for defence personnel.
Allotments within a suburban belt to non-suburban claimants are made on the basis of the additional valuations assessed against the areas allotted.
9. As far as possible non-suburban land and suburban land due to a claimant are allotted within the area of allocation. The general rules governing the mode of allotment of suburban land and the guidance notes issued to Resettlement Officers of districts are reproduced in Annexure III.
DEFENCE AND EX-DEFENCE PERSONNEL
10. A number of villages in different districts with a total area of 28,475 standard acres were selected specifically for allotment to displaced defence and ex-defence personnel. The scheme was formulated at the request of the Ministry of Defence and was announced in the India Army Order No. 22-5-49 dated the 8th August. 1949. Allottees for these villages were selected on behalf of the Ministry of Defence. The principal rules governing allotment in these villages were :
(1) Allotments were to be made in the district of allocation :
(2) Selected allottees must ho displaced landholders, the allotment being in lieu of allotment in the genera! scheme ;
(3) Eligible defence and ex-defence personnel already holding land on temporary allotment in the selected villages would not be dislocated;
(4) In selecting allottees preference was to be given to the following :
(a) to qualified claimants who had received no temporary allotment;
(b) to qualified claimants whose sons or brothers were serving in the Jammu and Kashmir Area ; and
(c) to those who had won gallantry awards in World War II.
11. To enable displaced persons serving in the defence forces, who would mostly be absentee landholders to manage their lands, it was decided that upto 25 per cent. of the area available in any village allotment could be given to fathers and brothers of the selected allottees.
12. No one entitled to receive more Than 50 standard acres was to receive allotment in a village earmarked for defence personnel.
13. Where a suburban village or a village carrying additional valuation was selected, allotment would be subject to the additional valuation. The rule that in suburban land preference was to be given to suburban claimants was to be waived for the purposes of this scheme.
14. In the case of personnel given land in the selected villages the rules regarding grading would not be insisted upon.
15. A number of villages in East Punjab, with a total area of 19,303 standard acres, were selected for allotment in co-operative garden colonies. Allotment in these villages was to be in lieu of land due to displaced landholders under the general scheme. Allottees were selected in the main by a special committee appointed by Government. The principal rules pertaining to allotment in garden colonies, in so far as these have a bearing on land resettlement policy, were :
(1) A proportion (20 per cent.) of the area reserved for garden colonies was to be allotted to non-evacuee residents of the Province who would be required to surrender equivalent area belonging to them which was to be approved after inspection. The balance (80 per cent.) was to be allotted to displaced landholders ;
(2) Allotments in garden colonies were to be made only to those displaced persons who were entitled to equivalent or to greater area than the allotment given to them, transfer from one person to another being disallowed. This rule was relaxed to the extent that an approved candidate for a garden colony allotment, who had no land of his own could take the allotment in lieu of land held by his father. The relaxation applied both to displaced persons and to local residents;
(3) The unit of allotment in a garden colony was to be either 10 acres or 20 acres ;
(4) If after taking his garden colony allotment, the balance due to an allottee in a garden colony was 5 standard acres or less he was to be accommodated in the garden colony village or in a neighbouring village. If a selected allottee had a balance exceeding 5 standard acres but was prepared to accept 5 standard acres in the neighbourhood of his garden colony allotment, he was to be considered for this concession ;
(5) Considerations of grading did not apply to garden colony allotments or to additional allotment upto 5 standard acres which could also be made in a garden colony ;
(6) While preference in a garden colony village was to be given to persons having the same area of allocation, this condition could be relaxed, depending on the demand for land in particular districts for garden colony allotments ;
(7) The internal distribution of land in garden colonies was to be undertaken by the Department of Agriculture ; and
(8) Allotments in garden colonies to the residents of East Punjab would take effect only after the area surrendered by them had been accepted and taken over by the Department of Rehabilitation.
RESETTLEMENT OF WIDOWS
16. As a measure of assistance to widows who had abandoned land in Pakistan, land in two villages, Shergarh in Hoshiarpur and Dhogri in Jullundur district, were earmarked for the resettlement of widows. In selecting allottees for these villages conditions of allocation and grading were relaxed.
17. A special scheme of allotment was drawn up for those who had abandoned gardens in Western Pakistan. The total area under evacuee gardens in East Punjab and Pepsu was 7,433 acres. The gardens were inspected and, broadly, those answering the following tests were placed in a 'provincial list' :
(1) Irrigated gardens with an area of two acres or more;
(2) Unirrigated gardens with an area of four acres or more;
(3) Gardens with pacca buildings or structures of any value
(4) Gardens with tube-wells ; and
(5) Gardens in towns.
Other gardens were rated at twice the value of agricultural land of the same class and were included in the general scheme of allotment. An exception was made in respect of belt gardens in the south-eastern districts of East Punjab for which no additional value was considered necessary. Of evacuee gardens in the 'provincial list', 175 with an area of 790 acres were situated in towns and were, therefore, excluded from quasi-permanent allotment. The remaining gardens, numbering 717 (East Punjab 606, Pepsu 111) with an area of 3.655 acres (East Punjab 3,044. Pepsu 611) were allotted to those who had abandoned gardens of 10 acres or more in Western Pakistan. Altogether 1,109 displaced persons had abandoned 17,173 acres of garden land, but 529 had gardens below 10 acres in area.
18. The evaluation of gardens abandoned and those available for allotment and the method of allotment were intended to make the entire process as impersonal and mechanical as possible. The following were the more important of the principles adopted for the purpose :
(1) Only area under matured fruit trees counted for valuation. Area under fruit trees in 1942 or before was taken as matured area. One standard acre counted for one mark. Less than 1/4 standard acre was ignored, more than 11/4 but less than 1/2 counted as 11/2 and more than 1/4 but less than 1 standard acre counted as 1;
(2) One additional mark per standard acre was allowed for guava and beri gardens, and two additional marks for citrus, pear, banana and mango gardens. A garden with more than one class of fruit trees was rated according to the variety which was predominant ;
(3) An increase in value of 25 per cent. was allowed if a garden was situated on a metalled road, or within half a mile of a railway station, or within two miles of a town with a population of 30.000 to 50.000, or within four miles of a town with a population of 50,000 or more. Only one of these factors was. however, to be considered for the additional valuation even if more than one condition was fulfilled ;
(4) Buidings situated in gardens abandoned in Western Pakistan were disregarded. In East Puniab and Pepsu. if a garden had a building exceeding Rs. 20,000 in value, the building was not allotted, as it fell in a class of evacuee property covered specifically by an Indo-Pakistan agreement. In the case of pacca buildings below Rs. 20,000 in value situated in evacuee gardens allotted to displaced persons, the allottee was required to surrender additional area at the rate of one standard acre per Rs. 2,000 of building value ;
(5) Where a person had abandoned more than one garden, his entire garden area was reckoned as a unit. Co-sharers in a garden could claim jointly or in respect of their individual shares.
It was arranged that two lists in order of value should be drawn up, one relating to claims to gardens abandoned in Western Pakistan, and the other to gardens available for allotment. After affording opportunity for submission of objections and such other verification, as might be necessary, claimants could select gardens according to their relative position in the list.
19. The allotment of evacuee gardens is a kind of post-script to the general scheme of allotment. In the first instance, land under gardens in Western Pakistan is valued as ordinary agricultural land and allotment in East Punjab and Pepsu is made on the basis of the total holding of a displaced person including his garden area. After a garden owner is assigned an evacuee garden of a certain value in standard acres, equivalent area has to be surrendered by him from his allotment.
20. As has been already explained, urban land abandoned in Pakistan as well as in E. Punjab and Pepsu has been excluded while making allotments in the scheme of quasi-permanent resettlement. Allotment of urban land is part of the general scheme of disposal of urban evacuee property in India. As a short-term arrangement with a view to affording some assistance to those who abandoned urban land temporary allotments of urban evacuee land have been made to displaced owners of urban land on the basis of a short-term scheme.
A serious difficulty in making allotment of urban evacuee land is the lack of information. The following arrangements for exchange of information were made between East Punjab and the West Punjab Governments on the 25th January 1949: —
(1) Each Government will prepare for itself a complete list of towns situated in West Punjab, East Punjab and the Patiala and East Punjab States Union. The lists will then be compared. (Towns will include, according to the definition adopted at the Inter-Dominion Conference at Karachi, Corporations, Municipal Committees, Notified Area Committees, Town Areas, Small Town Committees and Cantonments, as • on the 15th August, 1947) ;
(2) In respect of revenue estates in which each town is situated the following information will be exchanged :—
(a) For revenue estates wholly comprised in the area of a town it will be sufficient to give the hadbast number and the name of the estate ;
(b) For estates which are only partially included within the limits of a town, in addition to the hadbast number and the name of the estate, the khasra numbers and the total area of the estate which fall within the town should be specified.
Only a proportion of the information required has been received.
22. The allotment on a quasi-permanent basis of urban evacuee lands is not being undertaken by the Governments of East Punjab and Pepsu. The subject falls in the province of the Central Government
Liability to pay for Evacuee Property
23. Both in East Punjab and Pepsu certain areas of evacuee land have been taken over by Government for public purposes, such as construction of townships, housing colonies, seed farms, forest plantations. power plants etc. The policy decision on the subject is that all evacuee land taken over by a Government Department for purposes other than allotment to displaced persons will have to be eventually acquired by Government and in the meanwhile rent will have to be paid.
24. Some evacuee area in East Punjab has been withheld from allotment with a view to compensation in land for land acquired from non-evacuee owners for the purpose of construction of industrial towns, extension of existing towns and housing colonies. This has been done on the explicit understanding that compensation money assessed for payment to non-evacuee owners will be placed with the Custodian. Since urban land is subject, under an Inter-Dominion agreement, to the right of sale or exchange, this scheme of compensation in land docs not extend to urban areas. Outside urban areas, until compensation money has not been deposited with the Custodian, the area withheld from allotment may be given out on temporary cultivation only to the non-evacuee owners whose land has been taken over. Since the rights surrendered by non-evacuees are those of ownership, while in the evacuee property which may be given to them, the rights of evacuees persist, it is proposed to give to a non-evacuee owner whose land is taken over, option to take compensation in cash in place of land.
OF SUBURBAN LAND
1. Allotment of land to a qualified person will be made in the district in which agricultural land is allotted to him. Any exception will require the prior approval of Government;
2. In regard to the suburban area of tahsil towns preference should be given to the allottees of agricultural land in the tahsil, but if the suburban area available in that tahsil relates to a town of a lower category than that to which a claimant is entitled and suburban area of a higher grade is available in the district, suburban land may be allotted outside the tahsil;
3. Claimants entitled to suburban land to be settled in a district should be listed separtely according as the suburban area related to:
an A category town—population 50,000 or over ;
a B category town—population 30,000 to 50,000 and
or a C category town—population of 15,000 to 30,000.
Claimants in these categories should be grouped in the following manner in order of priority :
Group (1) A class towns—within one mile ;
Group (2) B class towns—within one mile ;
Group (3) C class towns—within one mile ; and
Group (4) A class towns—within one to two miles
4. Suburban land adjoining a town should be graded into two or more categories on the basis of the additional valuations approved independently for land adjoining each town ;
5. Preference in the allotment of first grade area will be given to first grade claimants, any surplus being passed over for second grade claimants, any deficit being made up from the second grade area, and so on down the line.
6. Claimants within any grade having been listed and set against the relevant grade of the suburban area in which allotment is to be made, the distribution of fields will be done on the principles of partition of land. Superior and inferior land of an estate or a portion of an estate, considering both fertility and situation, will be equitably distributed among all the claimants. Reasons explaining the partition procedure will be recorded. The partition will be carried out personally by Additional Deputy Commissioners and Assistant Commissioners (Pepsu).
7. Suburban land under gardens may be allotted, subject to approval in detail of the Financial Commissioner, Rehabilitation, to suburban claimants. In the scheme of partition, excess valuations be reckoned for such garden areas shall be proposed on the basis of inspection notes and data available. Evacuee gardens in suburban areas of a valuable character, specially approved by the Financial Commissioner, Rehabilitation for allotment to displaced garden owners shall, however, be excluded from allotment to suburban claimants.
8. In the allotment of suburban land considerations of whether the area abandoned was perennial or non-perennial or well-irrigated will not arise.
9. Applications from claimants entitled to suburban land for the allotment of specific areas will be submitted for orders to the Financial Commissioner who, provided he is satisfied as to the grounds for the applications, may allow specific areas to be allotted to applicants. But no existing temporary allottee qualified for a suburban allotment can claim the right to remain in the estate in which he has his temporary allotment.
GUIDANCE NOTES FOR RESETTLEMENT OFFICERS
Colonists from Kangra who are entitled to suburban allotment should receive allotment in lieu of their suburban claims in Hoshiarpur.
Gurdaspur and Batala have considerable suburban area and after meeting the suburban claims of persons who are being settled in Gurdaspur district, there should be a large surplus. The area required for suburban claims should, therefore, be earmarked immediately and balance allotted to non-suburban claimants under the rules.
The demand for suburban land in Amritsar district arises from (a) colonists ; (b) persons from Lahore tahsil holding suburban land near Lahore and (c) persons from Kasur tahsil holding land near Kasur. Demands from (a) and (b) of persons settling in Amritsar district in respect of A category suburban land should be met in the first instance near Amritsar. The suburban areas of Tarn Taran should be considered for allotment to claimants to B and C category land- The demand for suburban land from Kasur claimants should be met near Patti. The balance of areas available after meeting the claims of suburban landholders and other area carrying additional valuations should be allotted under the rules.
The main demand for suburban land in Jullundur comes from Claimants who had land near Lyallpur. Jullundur including city and Cantonment is the only town in the district with a population exceeding 50,000. Additional valuations for land situated in the neighbourhood of towns in this district have been proposed in Jullundur, Nawanshahr and Phillaur. The area adjoining Nawanshahr and Phillaur should be allotted in the ordinary course on the basis of valuations. The area required for suburban claimants round Jullundur should be ascertained and earmarked and the balance allotted to persons qualified under the rules. In. earmarking suburban land for suburban claimants, the first preference should be given to area near Jullundur City, and only to the extent that more land is required should area near Jullundur Cantonment be taken.
Hoshiarpur is the only town with a population exceeding 15,000. -The main demand for suburban land comes from (a) colonists and (b) persons who held land near Sialkot. A surplus is expected. Towns whose neighbourhoods carry additional valuations are Dasuya, Tanda, Garhshankar, Hoshiarpur should be allotted on basis of valuations under the rules. The area required for suburban claimants should be earmarked and the balance allotted under the rules.
The demand for suburban land in Ludhiana district comes from (a) colonists and (b) persons holding land in the suburban areas of the following towns of the Rawalpindi Division :—
Jhelum, Sargodha, Gujrat and Rawalpindi.
Round Ludhiana there may be considerable pressure, but round Jagraon there will be a large surplus. The extent to whicli qualified suburban claimants will receive allotment in Ludhiana and Jagraon respectively will be determined by the general rules of suburban allotment. Apart from Ludhiana and Jagraon, land near Samrala and Khanna carries additional valuation. On the basis of this additional valuation, allotment may be made.
There is likely to be a surplus of suburban land after meeting the claims of qualified suburban landholders. Suburban land near Moga, after meeting the claims of colonists to whom allotment is made in Moga tahsil should be allotted on valuation basis. Suburban claimants from the tahsils of Lahore district should receive allotments of suburban land primarily in the tahsils in which agricultural land is allotted to them. This may mean allotment in Ferozepore, Muktsar, Faridkot, Bhatinda and Kot Kapura according to the tahsil of resettlement. Allotment of suburban land at Abohar and Fazilka will be for claimants from Montgomery district. Landholders from Gujranwala and Sheikhupura, from Bahawalpur and others admitted to allotment in Ferozepur district may be allowed suburban land according to their tahsil of resettlement. The area required for suburban claimants should be earmarked and the balance allotted on a valuation basis according to rules.
Ambala and Jagadhri are the two towns, which have suburban land, but additional valuation has been given also to land near Rupar and Kharar. The demand for suburban land arises from (a) cokh rusts and (b) displaced persons from Rawalpindi Division who have abandoned suburban land. It has been decided that suburban claimants from Sargodha may also have their claims to suburban land met at Ambala according as the Resettlement Officer may find feasi. ble- There are colonists from two chaks adjoining Lyallpur who belong to Rupar and Kharar. Claimants from these chaks may be considered for allotment in the suburban area of any of the following towns according to the availability of area and the preference of the persons concerned : Ambala, Nabha, Bhatinda and Kot Kapura.
The claims for suburban land from landholders of Multan, Montgomery and Lyallpur district should be met in the first instance round Panipat and claims from suburban landholders from Gujranwala and Sheikhupura in the first instance round Kamal. It is possible that the demand for suburban land on account of Gujranwala town will be larger than Karnal can meet. In that event a portion of suburban area near Panipat can be utilised. Suburban land of Kaithal will be available for the suburban claims of towns with population less than 50,000 belonging to any of the districts whose population is being settled in Karnal district. Apart from Karnal, Kaithal and Panipat, Shahabad is the only town carrying additional valuation. It was proposed at first to allot land in Shahabad outside civic limits as non-suburban on the basis of additional valuations. To meet the requirements of suburban claimants from Gujranwala and Sheikhupura, it was decided that. sub;cct to the fulfilment of certain conditions, land carrying additionall valuation at Shahabad could be given to suburban claimants. This suggestion was further reviewed early in January, 1950, when the decision was taken that suburban land at Panipat not taken up by suburban claimants from the Multan Division should be allotted to the rural claimants of the Multan Division subject to additional valuation. Consequently, land carrying additional valuation at Shahabad is earmarked for suburban claimants of Gujranwala and Sheikhpura and non-subarban claimants who would otherwise have received allotment at Shahabad are to be shifted.
The demand for suburban land in Rohtak district arises only for claimants from Jhang and Chiniot as there is no town with a suburban area in Muzaffargarh district. To the extent to which the suburban area of Rohtak proves insufficient for meeting the claims to suburban land from Jhang and Chiniot, it is proposed that the area carrying additional valuation near Gohana should be considered to be suburban land. There are no suburban claimants from Muzaffargarh district or Alipur tahsil qualified for allotment in the suburban area of Sonepat. It is not feasible to bring in displaced persons from other districts to fill in the gap. It is, therefore proposed that land near Sonepat which is classed as suburban should be allotted to displaced persons from Alipur tahsil on valuation basis.
Four towns in Hissar district have suburban land: Sirsa Bhiwani, Hansi and Hissar. There are no other towns carrying additional valuations. In fact by and large the areas adjoining these towns do not have any very considerable value. Suburban land should be allotted to qualified claimants according to their tahsils of resettlement except that preference round Hissar should be given to Multan claimants and preference round Hansi to Khanewal claimants.
The only town with Suburban land—of which the extent in any case is small—is Rewari. But the towns whose neighbourhoods carry additional valuations are Gurgaon, Ballabgarh and Palwal. It is proposed that for purposes of allotment the area carrying additional valuation round Gurgaon should be considered to be suburban land for qualified claimants from Mianwali along with the available area near Rewari and area carrying additional valuations round Palwal and Ballabgarh as suburban land for qualified suburban claimants from Dera Ghazi Khan.
The general rule should be that claimants qualified for suburban land should receive their allotment in the suburban area of the district in which agricultural land is allotted. It will however, be found that in practice the demand and supply will not balance in any satisfactory manner. In Bhatinda district there will be a considerable surplus. Suburban claimants from Gujranwala and Sheikhupura may be considered for allotment round Patiala; those from the -smaller towns of Gujranwala qualified for suburban allotment round Sangrur and Bhatinda; those from Sheikhupura and other towns of that district round Nabha or Bhatinda and Kot Kapura. There is no suburban area in Fatehgarh district or in Barnala. The suburban area near Narnaul will be available for general allotment