THE  PUNJAB MUNICIPAL ACT, 1911

(PUNJAB ACT 3 OF 1911)

           Received the assent of the Lieutenant – Governor of the Punjab on the 3rd May, 1911, and that of the Governor – General on the 7th July, 1911, and was first published in the Punjab Gazette of the 11th August, 1911.

           An Act to make better provision for the Administration of Municipalities in 1[Punjab}.

LEGISLATIVE AMENDMENTS2

 

Repealed in part and amended, by Act 38 of 1920.

Amended by Punjab Act 2 of 1919

Amended by Punjab Act 1 of 1922

Amended by Punjab Act 2 of 1923

Amended by Punjab Act 1 of 1925

Amended by Punjab Act 5 of 1925

Amended by Punjab Act 15 of 1926

Amended by Punjab Act 4 of 1929

Amended by Punjab Act 2 of 1931

Amended by Punjab Act 3 of 1933

Amended by Punjab Act 1 of 1934

Amended by Punjab Act 3 of 1935

Amended by Government of India (Adaptation of Indian Law-Order, 1937)

Amended by Punjab Act 2 of 1940

Amended by Punjab Act 15 of 1940

Amended by East Punjab Act 3 of 1947

Amended by East Punjab Act 17 of 1948

Amended by Punjab Act 2 of 1919

Amended by the Indian Independence (Adaptation of Bengal & Punjab Acts) Order, 1948.

Amended by East Punjab Acts 8,9 and 20 of 1949

Amended by Adaptation of Laws Order, 1950

Amended by Punjab Act 12 of 1950

Amended by Punjab Act 5 of 1951

Amended by Adaptation of Indian Laws (Third Amendment) Order of 1951

Amended by Punjab Act 23 of 1952

Amended in part by Punjab Act 34 of 1953

Amended by Punjab Act 48 of 1953

Amended in part by Punjab Act 34 of 1954

Amended by Punjab Act 10 of 1955

Amended by Punjab Act 10 of 1955

Amended by Punjab Act 28 of 1956

Extended to Pepsu Territory by Punjab Act 5 of 1959

Amended by Punjab Act 22 of 1959

Amended by Punjab Act 25 of 1959

Amended by Punjab Act 22 of 1961

Amended by Punjab Act 25 of 1964

Amended by Punjab Adaptation of Laws (State and Concurrent Subjects Order, 1968)

Amended by Punjab Act 10 of 1972

Amended by Punjab Act 24 of 1973

Amended by Punjab Act 38 of 1973

Amended by Punjab Act 8 of 1974

Amended by Punjab Act 15 of 1974

Amended by Punjab Act 29 of 1975

Amended by Punjab Act 3 of 1976

Amended by Punjab Act 38 of 1976

Amended by Punjab Act 9 of 1977

Amended by Punjab Act 18 of 1978

Amended by Punjab Act 2 of 1979

Amended by Punjab Act 19 of 1982

Amended by Punjab Act 12 of 1983

Amended by Punjab Act 2 of 1984

Amended by Punjab Act 3 of 1985

Amended by Punjab Act 3 of 1985

Amended by Punjab Act 11 of 1994

Amended by Punjab Act 6 of 1995

 

Whereas it is expedient to make better provision for the administration of municipalities in Punjab.  It is hereby enacted as follows:

 

CHAPTER 1

(PRELIMINARY)

 

1.        Titles, Extent and Commencement. (1) This Act may be called the Punjab Municipal Act, 1911.

(2) It 3extends only to the territories 1[-] administered by the 2[Government] of 3[Punjab] and

(3) It shall come into force on 4such day as the State Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint in this behalf.5

 

CASE LAW

           Deputy Commissioner dismissed the challenge as the house tax had not been deposited – Actual position is that as shown by the receipt issued to the Landlord, it was paid about a year earlier – Deputy Commissioner has also considered some arguments – Held – Approach of the learned Deputy Commissioner appears to be casual – Case remitted back to lower court for fresh adjudication.

 

1996 (1) ALL INDIA LAND LAWS REPORTER 189

           Municipal Committee Sirhind extended its limits to include a part of the Sabha area in it – Since a part only was merged (AND NOT THE WHOLE) the Khewatdar claim the property or compensation therefore – Provisions show that when Whole of Sabha area is vested in an urban estate, the Sabha or the Gram Panchayat shall cease to exist in respect of that area and its assets shall be disposed of in the prescribed manner – Contention which found favour with courts below, upto High is that unless whole land of the Sabha area is vested in Urban estate, a part of the Sabha Area is not vested in the municipality – Contention not accepted at the stage of appeal by apex Court-Held – Expression “Whole” in S. 4 (3) of Gram Panchyat Act brings within its sweep a part of sabha area also – Disputed properties in hand which originally formed the part of the sabha area, having been included in the Municipality never revested in the khewatdars as found by the courts below – Punjab Gram Panchayat Act, 1952 – S. (3).

 

1996 (1) ALL INDIA LAND LAWS REPORTER 437

           Petitioners, tenants of the Municipal Committee are aggrieved by the increase in rent – Contention is that annual value of the property has not been kept in view while ordering enhancement – Held – Government is fully empowered to direct enhancement of rent – Claim of the parties cannot be upheld.

 

1996 (2) ALL INDIA LAND LAWS REPORTER 428

           When land is acquired by a Municipality under Town Improvement Act or Land Acquisition Act for a town planning scheme, its compensation is paid to the land owner – But when acquired under Municipality Act 1911 for the same or similar scheme the compensation to the land owner upto 25% of his holdings is denied because (i) Such public purpose is for the benefit of the landowner as it appreciates in value – Such benefit is for other members of public also – Why he alone should pay for it (ii) Such benefit is not for this landowner only but is for all other landowners whose lands are similarly situate – When benefit is for all similarly situate persons why this landowner should be made to suffer (iii) this improvement if results in accretion in value, it may prove a brudon if the property tax, wealth tax, wealth tax, estate duty etc. are calculated on the market value of the property – Held – This accretion may prove a recurring liability, no reason why this landowner should be denied compensation – And finally why should a similar acquisition for the similar public purpose be treated differently under the three Acts – Provisions of Section 192 (1) (c) are violative of Article 14 of the Constitution.  Punjab Town Improvement Act, 1922 – Punjab Municipal Act, 1911 – Section 192 (1) (c).

 

           Respondents are various States of Union of India – Being impugned is the judgement and order of Delhi High Court by which the properties owned by the States in the capital are exempted from property tax, by Article 289 (i) of the Constitution – These contentions involving constitutional provisions in which large financial stakes are involved, shall be placed before a Nine-Judge Bench for enunciation of law – Constitution of India, Art. 289.

 

1995 (1) ALL INDIA LAND LAWS REPORTER 252

           Appellant is the defeated candidate – His nomination paper was rejected by the Returning Officer because his parentage in nomination papers differed from the corrected one in voter list – Appellants plea was rejected by Returning Officer as also by the DC – When a challenge was laid by writ petition, the case was remitted to prescribed Authority for decision – And prescribed authority also rejected the plea – High Court, in appeal Held – Prescribed authority has fallen into error in rejecting the election perition – Electoral roll was clandestinely got corrected by someone at the back of the petitioner – When such a correction is to be made, a petition is to be submitted by the person to whom that entry relates (Rules 8 (G) (4) (B) – Appellant never came to know of this correction –Procedure adopted by the Retruning Officer cannot be granted judicial recognisition – Election of respondent No. 3 is declared void – Punjab Municipal Election Rules, 1952 – Rule 53.

 

1997 (1) ALL INDIA LAND LAWS REPORTER 549

 

2.        Repeal – Saving Clause. [See Schedule I for enactments repealed]

 

3.        Definitions – In this Act, unless there is something repugnant in the subject or context. –

1 (1) “annual value” means –

(a)   in the case of land or building which is in the occupation of a tenant, the gross annual rent at which the land or building has actually been let:

 

Provided that in the event of increase in the rent, the Committee may make corresponding increase in the annual value:

 

Provided further that where the land or building has been let by the owner to any of his relations, and the Committee is of the opinion that the rent fixed does not represent the true rent, the rent fixed under the agreement of lease shall not be taken into consideration and the annual value shall be determined in accordance with the principles contained in clause (b);

 

CASE LAW

           - S.3 (1) – House Tax – Annual Retable Value – Has to be assessed not on the actual rent received by landlord but on the standard rent as per Rent Act – Building tenanted or self occupied is immaterial – This view as held by apex Court in 1995 (2) ALL INDIA LAND LAWS REPORTER 480 is relied upon.

 

1996 (2) ALL INDIA LAND LAWS REPORTER 566

           (b) in the case of land or building which is occupied by the owner, the annual value shall be five per cent on the sum obtained by adding the present market value of the land and estimated cost of erecting the building less ten per cent depreciation:

Provided that in the calculation of annual value of any land and building, no account shall be taken of the furniture or machinery thereon:

 

CASE LAW

           - Section 3 (1) (b) – East Punjab Urban Rent Restriction Act, 1949 - Ss. 4 & 5 – Annual Ratable Value – For the purpose of property tax – Not the actual rent received but the hypothetical rent which can reasonably by exp3ected if the building is to let, would be the yard stick for ratable value – Admission by the landlord to pay tax on actual rent received is again of no help – State would not like him to go back on the admission but that is not proper – There can be no estoppel against the stature – Rental value has to be assessed as provided by the statute.

 

1996 (2) ALL INDIA LAND LAWS REPORTER 331

           - S.3 (1) (b) – As per law laid down by Apex Court in 1980 All India Land Laws Reporter 169, annual rental value for purposes of assessment of tax would not exceed the standard rent – Before the annual rental value is increased it was mandatory for the authorities to assess standard Rent – And such increase cannot be made retrospectively – Impugned order is quashed and case remitted to appellate authority for a fresh decision in view of observations – Recovery of the dues stayed till then.

 

1994 (3) ALL INDIA LAND LAWS REPORTER 458

           - Section 3 (i) (b) – Writ petition of the appellant challenging the municipal order assessing house – tax at the rental actually received was dismissed in limine – Special leave appeal arises out of that – “May reasonably be expected to let from year to year” is the clause in the provision which guimdes the assessment – Is a clear indicator to standard rent – Can the actual rent received be taken as a ratable value – Held – Actual rent received from a tenant is not the measure for determination of the annual ratable value but the standard rent expected to be received under the relevant Rent Act – Admission made by the landlord will not work as there is no estoppel against the statute.

 

1994 (3) ALL INDIA LAND LAWS REPORTER 458

(c)       in the case of any land on which no building has been erected but on which a building can be erected, and no any land on which a building is in the process of erection, the annual value shall be fixed at five per cent of the estimated market value of such land;

(d)       in the case of any land on which no building has been erected but on which a building can be erected, or which is partially build and is being used by erecting tents, temporary structures for the purpose of accommodating marriage parties, circus shows or for any entertainment purposes or such other purpose as may be specified in this behalf by the Committee with the previous sanction of the State Government the annual value shall be twenty per cent of the estimated market value of such land;”;

 

1”(2) “building” means any shop, house, hut, outhouse, stable, a factory, an industrial shed and a temporary structure erected by means of tents and structures raised for entertainment purposes whether roofed or not and whether used for the purposes of human habitation or otherwise and whether of masonry, bricks, wood, mud, thatched, metal or any other material whatever, and includes a wall and a well;”;

 

(3) “bye-laws” and “bye-law” means respectively the regulations made or to be made by the committee at a special meeting under the authority of this Act and any of such regulations.

 

“(4) “committee” means a Municipal Council or Nagar Panchayat, as the case may be, constituted under Section 12 of this Act;”;

 

2[4(a)] “Deputy Commissioner” or “Deputy Commissioner of the District” includes Additional Deputy Commissioner, Joint Deputy Commissioner or any person or persons at any time appointed by the State Government to perform in any district or districts the functions of a Deputy Commissioner under this Act:

 

3”[4(b)] “District Planning Committee” means a Committee constituted under Article 243 ZD of the Constitution of India;

 

4(c) “election” means and includes the entire election process commencing on and from the date of notification calling for such election of members and ending with the date of declaration and notification of results thereof;”;

           Provided that no official shall be so appointed unless he has for three years exercised the powers of a Magistrate of the first class.

1[-]

 

(5)       “erect or re-erect any building” includes -

(a)                   any material alteration or enlargement of any building,

(b)                  the conversion by structural alteration into a place for human habitation of any building not originally constructed for human habitation,

(c)                  the conversion of two or more places of human habitation into a greater number of such places,

(d)                  the conversion of two or more places of human habitation into a greater number of such places,

(e)                   such alterations of a building as effect an alteration of its drainage or sanitary arrangement, or materially affect its security,

(f)                   the addition of any rooms, buildings, out-houses or other structures to any building, and

(g)                  the construction in a wall adjoining any street or land not belonging to the owner of the wall, of a door opening on to such street or land.

 

2[(5a)] “Executive Officer” means an Executive Officer appointed under the provisions of the Punjab Municipal (Executive Officer) Act 2 of 1931.

 

3[(5b)] “ex-officio member” means a member referred to in clause (ii) of sub-section

 

(2) of section 12 of this Act;”;

 

(6) “explosive” and “petroleum” have the meanings assigned to those words in the Indian Explosives Act, 1884, and the Indian Petroleum Act, 1899, respectively.

 

(7) “infectious disease” means cholera, plague, smallpox, 4[tuberculosis] or such other dangerous disease as the State Government may notify in this behalf. 

 

(8) “inhabitant” includes any person ordinarily residing or carrying on business, or owning or occupying immovable property, in any municipality or in any local area which, the State Government has by notification under this Act proposed to declare to be a municipality; and in case of any dispute, means any person or persons declared by 5[Deputy Commissioner] to be inhabitant or inhabitants.

6[(8a) “land” includes benefits to arise out of land, things attached to the earth or permanently fastened to anything attached to the earth and rights created by law over any street.]

7[(8aa) “market value” means the market value of the land or the building which is determined in accordance with the principles contained in Section 23 of the Land Acquisition Act, 1894, or is determined in accordance with the provisions of the Registration Act, 1908];

(8c) “Municipal Council” means a Municipality constituted under sub-section (2) of section 4 of this Act for a smaller urban area; and

(8c) “Municipal area” means the territorial area of a Municipality specified under section 4 of this Act;

8[(9)] “Municipality” means an institution of self government constituted as a Nagar Panchayat or a Municipal Council under sub-section (2) of section 4 of this Act;

(9a) “Nagar Panchayat” means a Municipality constituted under sub-section (2) of section 4 of this Act for a transitional area;”;

2[(9b) “newly constituted committee” means a committee the members whereof have been elected at a general election but have been not taken or made an oath or affirmation of allegiance as required under section 24;”;

(10) “occupier” includes an owner in actual occupation of his own land or building, and also any person for the time being paying or liable to pay to the owner he rent or any portion of the rent of the land or building in respect of which the owrd is used: for the purposes of Chapter V [and IX] occupier shall include hotel-keeper, lodging house-keeper, and any owner whose premises are let to more than one tenant.

(11) “owner” includes the person for the time being receiving the rent of land and buildings, or either of them, whether on his own account or as agent or trustee for any person or society or for any religious or charitable purpose or who would so receive the same if the land or building were let to a tenant.

(11a) “population” means the population as ascertained at the last preceding Census, of which the relevant figures have been published;

3[(11aa) “premises” means any land or building or part of a building and includes-

(a)                        the garden, ground and out-houses, of any, appertaining to a building or part of a building; and

(b)                        and fitting affixed to a building or part of a building for the more beneficial enjoyment thereof;]

 

(11b) “relation” in relation to an owner of any land or building mans wife, husband, son, son-in-law, daughter, daughter-in-law, brother, brother-in-law, sister, sister-in-law, of such owner;

           (12) “rules” and “rule” mean, respectively, the rules made or to be made and notified by the State Government under the authority of this Act, and any one of such rules.

           (12a) “Street”, shall mean any road, footway, square, court, alley, or passage accessible, whether permanently of temporarily to the public, and whether a thoroughfare or not; and shall include every vacant space, notwithstanding that it may be private property and partly or wholly obstructed by any gate, post, chain or other barrier, if houses, shops or other buildings about thereon, and if it is used by any person as a means of access to or from any public place or thoroughfare, whether such persons be occupiers of such buildings or not, but shall not include any part of such space which the occupier of any such building has a right at all hours to prevent all other persons from using as aforesaid:

           and shall include also the drains or gutters therein, or on either side, and the land, whether covered or not by any pavement, verandah or other erection, up to the boundary of any abutting property not accessible to the public.

(c)                        “public street” shall mean any street –

(i)        heretofore leveled, payed, metalled, channeled, swerved, or repaired out of municipal or other public funds, unless before such work was carried out there was an agreement with the proprietor that the street should not thereby become a public street, or unless such work was done without the implied or express consent of the proprietor; or

(ii)       which under the provision of section 171, is declared by the committee to be, or under any other provision of this Act becomes, a public street.

(14)     “vehicle” shall include bicycles, tricycles and automotor cars, and every wheeled conveyance which is used or capable of being used on a public street.

           1(15)    Substituted by Punjab Act 3 of 1993. [(15) “Medical Officer of Health” means such person as the committee has appointed Medical Officer of Health” means such person as the committee has appointed Medical Officer of Health.]

           2[(16) “factory” shall have the meaning assigned to it in the Indian Factories Act, 1911.]

           3[(17) “Public place” means a space which is open to the use or enjoyment of the public whether or not private property and whether or not vested in the committee.

           (18a) “built area” is that portion of municipality of which the greater part has been developed as a business or residential area.

           (b) “unbuilt area” is an area within the municipal limits which is declared to be such at a special meeting of the committee by a resolution confirmed by the4 [State] Government, or which is notified as such by the State Government.]

           5[(19) “during” for the purposes of sections 154-A and 154-B shall include night – soil, sewage, sullage, sludge, refuse, filth or rubbish or animal matters of any kind.

           (20) “compost manure” means the produce prepared form dung by subjecting it to the process of compost making in the manner prescribed by rules].

           6[(21) “prescribed” means prescribed by rules made under this Act].

 

4         Specification of local areas to be smaller Urban Areas or Transitional Areas and Constitution of Municipal Councils and Nagar Panchayats.7 - The State Government may, having regard to population of the area the density of the area he density of the population therein, the revenue generated for local administration the percentage or employment in non-agricultural activities, the economic importance or such other factors, as it may deem fit, specify, by notification in the Official Gazette, any area to be transitional area or a smaller urban area for the purposes of this Act:

           Provided that no military cantonment or any part thereof shall be included in such transitional area or a smaller urban area:

           Provided further that such an urban area or part thereof, as the State Government may, having regard to the size of the area and municipal services being provided or proposed to be provided by an industrial establishment in that area and such other factors as it may deem fit, by notification, specify to be an industrial township shall not form part of a transitional area or a smaller urban area.

(2)       Where an area is specified as a transitional area or as a smaller urban area under sub-section (1), the State Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, constitute for the transitional area so specified a Nagar Panchayat and for the smaller urban area so specified a Municipal Council of the first class, second class or third class:

           Provided that the State Government may, after consulting the Municipal Council by notification change its classification from one class to another.

           (3) where any area which is within the jurisdiction of any other local authority, is constituted as or included in a transitional area or smaller urban area, the State Government may pass such orders as it may deem fit as to the transfer of such area to the Nagar Panchayat of such transitional area or disposal otherwise, of the assets or institutions of such local authority and so as to the discharge of the liabilities, if any, of such local authority, relating to such assets or institutions.  

           (4) Where any area is excluded from a transitional area or a smaller urban area and included in the area of any other local authority, the State Government may pass such orders as it may deem fit as to the transfer to such local authority or disposal otherwise of, the assets or institution, of such local authority in that area or as to the discharge of the liabilities, if any, of such local authority, relating to such assets and institutions.

           (5) Every area, which immediately before the commencement of the Punjab Municipal (Amendment) Act 11, of 1994 was constituted as a Municipality under this Act, shall deemed to have been constituted as smaller urban area under sub-section (1) and Municipality existing for that area before such commencement and specified in schedule II shall be deemed to have been constituted under this Act for that area.

           (6) Every area, which immediately before the commencement of Punjab Municipal (Amendment) Act 11, of 1994, was constituted as a Notified Area under Section 241 of this Act, shall be deemed to have been specified as a transitional area or a smaller urban area under sub-section (1), and a Municipality of the category as indicated in schedule III shall be deemed to have been constituted under this Act for that area.

 

5         Alteration of limits of Municipality. - “The State Government may, from time to time, keeping in view the provisions of sub-section (1) of section 4 and after consultation with the concerned Municipality, by notification in the Official Gazette alter the limits specified for any municipal area so as to include therein or to exclude therefrom such area as may be specified in the notification.

(2)       The power to issue a notification under sub-section (1) shall be subject to the condition of previous publication.”

 

Section 6 [Omitted by Act 11 of 1994.]

 

Section 7 [Omitted by Act 11 of 1994]

 

8.        Reservation of seats. - 1[“8(1) In every Municipality, out of the total number of elected members determined under sub-section (3) of section 12, the State Government shall, by notification, reserve -

(a)                   such number of seats for the Scheduled Castes as may be determined by the State Government, subject to the condition that the number of seats so reserved shall bear, as nearly as may be, the same proportion to the total number of seats to be filled by direct election in that Municipality, as the population of the Scheduled Castes, in the  municipal area bears to the total population of that area bears to the total population of that area, and, such seats may be allotted by rotation to different constituencies to be known as wards in the Municipality.

(b)                  one seat for the Backward Classes, and, such a seat may be allotted by rotation to different constituencies to be known as wards in the Municipality.

 

(2)       Not less that one-third of the total number of seats reserved under clause (a) of sub-section (1) shall be reserved for women belonging to the Scheduled Castes.

(3)       Not less than one-third (including the number of seats reserved for women belonging to the Scheduled Castes of the total number of seats to be filled by direct election in every Municipality shall be reserved for women and such seats may be allotted by rotation to different constituencies to be known as wards in the Municipality.

           Explanation, - In this section the expression, -

(a)   “Scheduled Castes” shall have the meaning assigned to them in clause (24) of Article 366 of the Constitution of India; and

(b)   “Backward Classes” means the Backward Classes as the State Government may, from time to time, declare by issuing a notification in the Official Gazette.”

 

8-A.     Reservation of offices presidents - 2 “Offices of Presidents of the Municipalities in the State shall be reserved by rotation in the prescribed manner in the following ratio, namely : -

(a)                   five per cent for the Scheduled Castes;

(b)                  five per cent for women including women belonging to the Scheduled Castes; and

(c)                  two per cent for the Backward Classes.”

 

Section 9[Omitted by Act 11 of 1994.]

 

Section 10 [Omitted by Act 11 of 1994.]

 

Section 11 [Omitted by Act 11 of 1994.]

 

12 (1).            Composition of Municipalities - 1A Municipal Council or a Nagar Panchayat constituted under section 4 shall consist of a body of member, specified in section (3), having authority over such area.

           (2) The Nagar Panchayat or the Municipal Council constituted under sub-section (1) shall be a body corporate having perpetual succession and a common seal with powers, subject to the provisions of this Act, to hold, acquire and dispose of property and may by that name sue or be sued.

           (3) The Nagar Panchayat or the Municipal Council constituted under Sub-section (1) shall consist of the following members, namely: -

(i)        such number of elected members as may be determined from time to time by the State Government in accordance with the prescribed principles; and

(ii)       all members of the Legislative Assembly of the State representing constituencies comprising wholly or partly the Municipal area.”

 

CASE LAW

           - Section 12 as substituted by Amendment Act of 1994 – Sections 12A to 12E stand omitted – No co-option permissible or provided for Municipalities to be constituted in future – No associate member – Bar on the voting right of the MLA removed, MLAs can cast their votes in the Municipalities to be constituted in future but not in the existing ones – HELD – MLA attended the convened meeting to consider no confidence motion against the President – Cast his vote – With his one Vote, resolution passed by 2/3rd majority – Irregular, Not entitled to vote in the existing municipalities – One vote excluded, the resolution falls – Has no legal sanctity and hence quashed. 

 

1994 (4) ALL INDIA LAND LAWS REPORTER 239

Section 12-A [Omitted by Act 11 of 1994]

Section 12-B [Omitted by Act 11 of 1994]

Section 12-C [Omitted by Act 11 of 1994]

Section 12-D [Omitted by Act 11 of 1994]

Section 12-E [Omitted by Act 11 of 1994]

 

13 (1).            Duration of municpalities.2 Every Municipality save as otherwise provided in this Act, shall continue for five years from the date appointed for its first meeting and no longer.

 

Explanation: - In this section “first meeting” means the meeting of the newly constituted Municipality held for election of its President and Vice-President under Section 20 of this Act.

           (2)       All Municipalities existing immediately before the commencement of the Constitution (Seventy-Fourth) Amendment Act, 1992, shall continue till the expiration of their duration unless sooner dissolved by a resolution passed to the effect by the State Legislature.

           (3)       An election to constitute a Municipality shall be completed,

(a)              before the expiry of its duration specified in sub-section (1);

(b)             before the expiration of a period of six months from the date of its dissolution:

Provided that when the remainder of the period for which the dissolved Municipality would have continued is less than six months, it shall not be necessary to hold any election under clause (b) for constituting the municipality for such period.

(4)                                   The first election to a Municipality constituted under this Act after the commencement of the Punjab Municipal (Amendment) Act 11 of 1994, shall be held within a period of six months of its being notified as such.

(5)                                   Elections to the Municipalities where no elected body exists immediately before the commencement of the Punjab Municipal (Amendment) Act 11 of 1994, shall be held within a period of six months from the date of such commencement.

(6)                                   A municipality constituted upon the dissolution of a Municipality before the expiration of its duration shall continue only for the remainder of the period for which the dissolved Municipality would have continued under sub-section (1) had it not been so dissolved.

 

13-A (1) Power of State Government to direct holding of general election - 1 “13-A (1) Subject to the provisions of this Act and the rules made there under, the State Government, may by notification, direct that a general election of the members of the Municipalities or an election to fill a casual vacancy shall be held by such date as may be specified in the notification and different dates may be specified for elections for different Municipalities or group or groups of Municipalities.

(2) As soon as a notification is issued under sub-section (1), the Election Commissioner shall take necessary steps for holding such general election.”

 

14 (1).            Dissolution of municipalities- 2 “If in the opinion of the State Government, a municipality is not competent to perform its duties or persistently makes default in the performance of the duties imposed on it by or under this Act or any other law for the time being in force, or exceeds or abuses any of its powers, the State Government may, by an order publish, along with reasons thereof, in the Official Gazette, dissolve such Municipality:

Provided that a Municipality shall be given a reasonable opportunity of being heard before its dissolution.

(2)       When a Municipality is dissolved under sub-section (1), -

(i)        all members of the Municipality shall vacate their offices forthwith:

(ii)       all powers and duties of the Municipality during its dissolution shall be exercised and performed by such person or authority, as the State Government may, by notification, appoint in this behalf; and

(iii)      all property  in possession of the Municipality shall be held by the State Government.

(3)       Upon dissolution of a Municipality under sub-section (1) the State Government shall re-constitute a Municipality as specified under section 12 and election to reconstitute such Municipality shall be completed before the expiration of a period of six months from the date of dissolution:

 

Provided that where the remainder of the period for which dissolved Municipality would have continued is less than six months, it shall not be necessary to hold any election under this sub-section for reconstituting the Municipality for such period

           (4)       The Municipality reconstituted upon the dissolution of the existing Municipality before the expiration of its duration shall continue only for the remainder of the period for which the dissolved Municipality would have continued under section 13 had it not been so dissolved.”

 

3[15.    Resignation of member of committee: - If a member of committee wishes to resign his office he shall submit an application in writing through the Deputy Commissioner to the State Government.  If such resignation is accepted, it shall be notified in the gazette on date not less than 15 days and not more than 60 days after the receipt of the said member’s application by the Deputy Commissioner whereupon the member shall be deemed to have vacated his seat:

           Provided that if a member who has submitted an application to resign wishes to withdraw his resignation the may apply to the Deputy Commissioner within 15 days of the receipt by the Deputy Commissioner of his application to resign, and the application to resign shall then be deemed to have been withdrawn.]

 

1[16.    Powers of the state government as to removal of members: - (1) 2 The State Government may, by notification 3[remove any member of a committee other than an associate member];

           (a)       if he refuses to act, or becomes, in the opinion of these [State] Government, incapable of acting, or has been declared a bankrupt or an insolvent or has been convicted of any such offence or subjected by a criminal court to any such order as implies, in the opinion of the State Government, a defect of character which unfits him to be a member,

           (b)       if he has been declared by notification to be disqualified for employment in, or has been dismissed from, the public service and the reason for the disqualification or dismissal is such as implies in the opinion of the State Government a defect of character which unfits him to be member;

           (c)       if he has 4[without reasonable cause in the opinion of the State Government absented himself for more than three consecutive months from the meeting of the committee.

           (d)       if his continuance in office is, in the opinion of the State Government dangerous to the public peace or order;

           5if, in the opinion of the 6[State] Government he has flagrantly abused his position as a member of the committee or has through negligence or misconduct been responsible for the loss, or misapplication of any money or property of the committee:]

           7,8(f) if he has, since his election or co-option, become subject to any disqualification which, if it had existed at the time of his election or co-option, would have rendered him ineligible under any rule; for the time being in force regulating the qualification of candidates for election, or if it appears that he was at the time of his election or co-option, subject to any such disqualification:]

           9[(g) if, being a legal practitioner, he acts or appears in any legal proceeding on behalf of any person against the committee, or on behalf of or against the 10[Government]11 where in the opinion of the 12

           13[Provided that before the 14[State] Government notifies the removal of a member under the section, the reasons for his proposed removal shall be communicated to the member concerned and he shall be given an opportunity of tendering an explanation in writing].

           1[(2) A person removed under this section 2[………] or whose electionor appointment has been deemed to be invalid under the provision of sub-section (2) of section 24, or whose lection has been declared void for corrupt practices or intimidation under the provisions of section255, or whose election the State Government 3[or the Deputy Commissioner] has under section 24 refused to notify, shall be disqualified for election for a period not exceeding five years:

           Provided that a person whose election or appointment has been deemed to be invalid under the provisions of sub-section (2) of section24, shall not be disqualified for election or appointment for a period exceeding two years from the date of disqualification. 4[(3) A person, whose seat has been vacated under the provision of section 14 (2) may be disqualified for election for a period not exceeding five years.]

           (2)       A person elected to fill up a casual vacancy shall be elected for the remainder of his successors’ terms of office:

           Provided that where the remainder of the period for which a member is to be elected, is less than six months, it shall not be necessary to hold any election to fill up such a vacancy.”

CASE LAW

           - Sections 17,12 and 13 substituted by Amending Act, 1994 – As on today, there is no provision of co-option of persons belonging to Scheduled Castes, Background Classes or women – Such classes have to contest election even though the reservations are there – Section 17 of the Act talks of vacancies but does not mean the vacancies under the discussion – Right of the members to co-opt members from other communities cannot be taken away by the repealing Act – Punjab General Clauses Act, 1898 – Section 4.

 

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