THE REDEMPTION OF MORTGAGES (PUNJAB) ACT, 1913

PUNJAB ACT 2 OF 1913

 

Contents

Sections

Subject

1.       

Short title and commencement:

2.       

Definitions

3.       

Application of certain sections of Punjab Tenancy Act.

4.       

Petition of redemption

5.       

Particulars to be contained in petition:

6.       

Mortgagee to be summoned

7.       

Procedure when petitioner is absetn and mortgagee present

8.       

Procedure when petitioner is present and mortgagee absent

9.       

Procedure when both parties are in attendance order for redemption

10.   

Procedures in contention cases

11.   

Enquiry into objection raised by mortgages

12.   

Enquiry regarding sum due

13.   

Saving of suits to establish rights

14.   

No second petition

15.   

Return of deposit

16.   

Deposit  not to be attached

17.   

Cessation of interest

18.   

Power to make rules

 

 

14th March 1913

1

2

3

4

Year

No.

Short Title

Whether repealed or otherwise affected by legislation

1913

2

The Redemption of Mortgages (Punjab) Act 1913

Amended Punjab Act 7 of 1934 (Part VII)

Amended by the Indian Independence (Adaptation of Bengal and Punjab Acts) Order of 1948 (G.G.O. 40)

Amended by the Adaptation of Laws Order, 1951

Amended by adaptaion of Laws Third Amendment order 1951.

Extended to Pepsu Territory and amended by Punjab Act 18 of 1958

 

 

PUNJAB ACT 2 OF 1913

An Act to provide a summary procedure for the redemption of certain mortgages of land in Punjab

 

WHEREAS it is expedient to provide a summary procedure for the redemption of certain mortgages of  land in Punjab; It is hereby enacted as follows:-

 

Short title and commencement:

1.                  (1) This Act may be called the Redemption of Mortgages (Punjab) Act, 1913.

(2) It extends to Punjab.

(3) It shall apply only to mortgages of land-

(a)   in which, whatever the mortgage money, the land mortgaged, after excluding the area of any share in the common land of the village or of a sub-division of the village appertaining thereto and mortgaged therewith does not exceed in area [50 acres]; or

(b)   in which, whatever the area, the principal money secured under the mortgage does not exceed [5000] rupees:

Provided that it shall not apply to any mortgage made under section 6 of the Punjab alienation of Land Act, 1900 [or the Patiala Alienation of Land Act, 1972 B.K.]

Definitions

2.                  In this act, unless there is something repugnant in the subject or context,-

(1)   the expression “land” means land which is not occupied as the site of any building in a town or village and is occupied or let for agricultural purposes or purposes subserviced to agriculture for the pasture and includes-

(a)   the sites of buildings and other structures on such land;

(b)   a share in the profits of an estate or holding;

(c)   any dues or any fixed percentage of the land revenue payable by an inferior land-owner to a superior land-owner;

(d)   a right to receive rent;

(e)   any right to water enjoyed by the owner or the occupier of land as such; and

(f)    any right of occupancy

(2)   the expression “Collector” shall mean the Collector of the district in which the mortgaged property or any part thereof is situated, and shall include an Assistant Collector of the 1st grade.

(3)   “prescribed” shall mean prescribed by rules made under this Act.

 

Application of certain sections of Punjab Tenancy Act.

3.                  Subject to the provisions of this Act and the rules thereunder, the provisions of sections 79, 85, 86, 87, 89, 90, 91, 92 and  101, of the  Punjab Tenancy Act, 1887, shall, so far as may be, apply to all proceedings of a Collector under this Act.

 

Petition of redemption

4.                  The mortgagor or other person entitled to institute a suit for redemption may, at any time after the principal money becomes payable and before a suit for redemption is barred, present a petition to the Collector applying for an order directing that his mortgage be redeemed, and where the mortgage is with possession that he be put in possession of the mortgaged property. The petition shall be duly verified in the manner prescribed by law for the verification of plaints, and shalll state the sum which the  petitioner declares to the best of  his belief to be due under the mortgage. The petitioner shall at the same time deposit such sum with the Collector.

 

Particulars to be contained in petition:

5.         The petitioner shall state in his petition such particulars and file therewith such documents as may be prescribed.

 

Mortgagee to be summoned

6.                  When the petition has been duly presented and the deposit has been made, the Collector shall issue to the mortgagee a summons to appear on a date to be therein specified. Every summons shall be accompanied by a copy of the petition, with the date of deposit endorsed thereon.

 

Procedure when petitioner is absent and mortgagee present

7.                  Where the mortgagee appears and the petitioner does not appear when the petition is called on for hearing, the Collector shall, unless he adjourns the proceedings, make an order that the petition be dismissed, unless the mortgagee admits the claim, in which case the collector shall make an order-

(a)   that the mortgage be redeemed;

(b)   that where the mortgage is with  possession the mortgagor be put in possession of the mortgaged property as against the mortgagee;

(c)   that the mortgagee deposit with the Collector  the mortgage-deed, if any, if then in his possession or power, and that it be delivered to the petitioner;

(d)   that subject  to be mortgage-deed, if any, being so deposited by the mortgagee the sum in deposit be paid to him.

 

Provided that no such order shall be made inconsistent with any condition of the mortgage whereby a reason or period of the year is fixed for redemption or for surrendering possession.

 

Procedure when petitioner is present and mortgagee absent

8.                  When the petitioner appears, but the mortgagee does not appear, when the petition is called on for hearing, the collector shall, unless he adjourns he proceedings, inquire in a summary manner (a) whether the petitioner is entitled to redeem the mortgaged property, and (b) whether the sum deposited by the petitioner is the sum rightly due under the mortgage.

If the Collector is not satisfied that the petitioner is entitled to redeem, he shall dismiss the petition.

If the Collector is satisfied that the petitioner is entitled to redeem, and that the sum deposited is the sum dshall make an order as laid down in section 6(a), (b), (c) and (d) of this Act.

If the Collector is satisfied that the petitioner is entitled to redeem,  but is of opinion that a sum larger than that in deposit is due under the mortgage, he shall fix a period not exceeding 30 days within which the petitioner  shall deposit the difference, together with any further sum which may be due on account of interest up to the date of deposit. If the petitioner makes such deposit within such period or such further period not exceeding 30 days, as the Collector may fix, the  Collector shall make an order in manner aforesaid.

If the petitioner fails to make such deposit within the period fixed, the collector shall dismiss the petition.

 

Procedure when both parties are in attendance order for redemption

9.                  Where both parties appear when the petition is called on for hearing, the Collector shall inquire from the mortgagee whether he admits that the petitioner is entitled to redeem, whether he is willing to accept the sum in  deposit in full discharge of the mortgage-debt, and where the mortgage is with possession whether he is willing to surrender  possession of the mortgaged property.

If the mortgagee replies in the affirmative, the Collector shall make an order as laid down in section6(a), (b), (c) and (d)  of this Act.

If the mortgagee admits the petitioner’s title to redeem, but demands payment of a sum larger than that in deposit, the Collector shall inquire from the petitioner whether he is willing to pay such larger sum and if he replies in the affirmative, the Collector shall fix a period not exceeding 30 days within which the petitioner shall deposit the difference, together with any further sum which may be due on account of interest up to the date of deposit. If the petitioner makes such deposit within such period or such further period not exceeding 30 days, as the Collector may fix, the Collector shall  make an order as laid down in section 6(a), (b), (c) and (d) above.

If the petitioner fails to make such deposit within the period fixed, the collector shall dismiss the petition.

 

Procedures in contention cases

10.              If the mortgagee raise objection on any ground other than the amount of the  deposit, or if the petitioner is not willing to pay the sum demanded by the  mortgagee, the Collector may either (a) for reasons to be recorded dismiss the petition; or (b) make a summary inquiry regarding the objection raise by the mortgagee or regarding the sum due.

 

Enquiry into objection raised by mortgages

11.              If on inquiry regarding any objection so raised by the mortgagee the Collector is of opinion that it bars redemption or is a sufficient cause for not  proceeding further with the petition, he shall dismiss the petition; but if he is not of that opinion, he shall, unless he dismisses the petition under section 11, make an order as laid down in section 6(a), (b), (c) and (d) of this Act.

 

Enquiry regarding sum due

12.              If on inquiry regarding the sum due the Collector is of opinion that the sum deposited is the sum rightly due under the mortgage, he shall, unless dismisses the petition under section 10, make an order as laid down in section 6(a), (b),(c) and (d) of this Act, but if he is of opinion that a sum larger than the sum deposited should be deposited by the petitioner, he shall, unless he dismisses the petition under section 10, fix a period not exceeding 30 days within which the  petitioner shall deposit the difference, together with any further sum which may be due on account of interest up to the date of the deposit. If the petitioner makes such deposit within such period  or  such other period not exceeding 30 days, as the Collector may fix, the Collector shall make an order as laid down in section 6(a), (b), (c), and (d)  of this Act.

If the petitioner fails to make such deposit within the period fixed, the Collector shall dismiss the petition.

 

Saving of suits to establish rights

13.              Any party aggrieved by an order made under section6,7, 8, 9, 10 or 11 of this Act may institute a suit to establish his rights in respect of the mortgage, but subject to the result of such suit, if any, the order shall be conclusive.

Notwithstanding anything in this section a mortgagee against whom an ex-parte order under section 7 has been made or a petitioner, whose petition has been dismissed in default under section 6 may apply to the Collector to have such order or dismissal set aside, such order or dismissal on such terms as to costs or otherwise as he may deem fit; provided that the order or dismissal shall not be set aside unless notice of  the application has been served on the opposite party.

 

No second petition

14.              The dismissal of a petition under this act shall bar any further petition under this Act by the same petitioner or his representative in respect of the same mortgage.

 

Return of deposit

15.              If the Collector dismisses a petition  under this Act, he shall order that the sum deposited by the petitioner be returned to him.

 

Deposit  not to be attached

16.              No sum deposited with the Collector by a petitioner under the provisions of this Act shall be attached by any Court or Revenue Officer.

 

Cessation of interest

17.              When the petitioner has deposited with the Collector  the sum declared by him to be due on the mortgagee, and such sum is accepted by the mortgagee, or is found by the Collector to be the sum actually due, interest on the mortgage shall cease from the date of the  deposit.

Where the Collector finds that a further sum is due and the petitioner deposits such further sum, interest shall cease from the date of such further deposit:

            Provided that nothing in this section shall be deemed to deprive the mortgagee of his right to interest when there exists a contract that he shall be entitled  to reasonable notice before payment or tender of the  mortgage money :

            Provided also that where a suit is instituted under section12, the court may pass such order as to interest as it deems fit.

 

Power to make rules

18.              The [State] Government shall have power to make rules, consistent with this act, for carrying out the purposes of this Act.

 

Contents