CHAPTER   I

 

                GENERAL

 

              Total   Area and Population of the District.- The area of the Sangrur District according to Director, Land Records, Punjab, Jalandhar was 5,024.17 sq. km. in  2000-01.  The district   ranked 3rd in the State.  The tahsil-wise area of the district as on 31 March 2001 is given below:

 

               Tahsil                                                                                      Area

                                                                                                                      (Sq. km.)

                Malerkotla                                                                                    695.36

                Sangrur                                                                                       780.79                             

              Sunam                                                                                          936.17

                Munak                                                                                         602.86

                Barnala                                                                                   1,409.65

                Dhuri                                                                                            599.34

            Total                                                                                        5,024.17

 

                                                     (Source: Director, Land Records, Punjab, Jalandhar)

 

              According to the 1991 Census, the total population of the district was 17,10,120 persons (9,14,361 males and 7,95,759 females) in respect of population, the district ranked 6th amongst the districts of Punjab.

 

             Administrative Divisions of the District.- Sangrur District is one of the five districts of Patiala Division.  On 31 March 20001 it has 6 Tahsils/ Subdivisions (Sangrur, Barnala, Malerkotla, Sunam, Dhuri1 and Munak2) and 11  Sub-tahsils3 (Bhawanigarh, Laungowal,  Tappa, Bhadaur, Dhanaula, Ahmadgarh, Amargarh, Dirba, Sherpur, Khanauri and Lehra).  There were 13 development blocks in the district (Sangrur, Bhawanigarh, Barnala, Sehna, Mahal Kalan, Malerkotla-I, Malerkotla-II, Dhuri, Sherpur, Sunam, Lehra Gaga, Andana and Amargarh). According to the 1991 Census there were 709 inhabited villages and 9 un-inhabited villages in the district.

____________________________________________________________

1 Dhuri Tahsil was made a tahsil vide Notification No.,2/44/94-RE II(1)/6763 dated 20 July 1995

2 Munak Sub-tahsil was also made a tahsil vide Notification No.2/44/94-RE- II(i)/7112 dated 28 July     1995

3    i   Dirba Sub-tahsil was created vide Notification No.2/22/92-RE II(1)/1746 dated 1 March 1994

  ii  Dhanaula, Khanauri and Sherpur Sub-tahsils were created vide Notification   No.2/44/94-RE                                                                                                                                          II(1)/6763 dated 20 July 1995

     iii    Lehra Sub-tahsil came into existence vide Notification No.2/44/94-RE-II(1)II(I)/8017 dated 20 August1995

 iv    Amargarh Sub-tahsil came into existence vide Notification No.2/41/94-RE II (1)/5373 dated 17 June 1996

    Boundary Changes.- The main volume of the Sangrur District Gazetteer was published in  1984.  Since then there has been minor territorial changes in the district.  Ten  villages4 of Barnala Tahsil viz.Daddahur, Gobindgarh, Jalaldiwal, Johlan, Kalsian, Mehmoodpura, Shahbajpur, Dhurkot, Rajgarh, Chak Bhaika and two villlages  Kalsian5 and  Lohat Baddi of tahsil Malerkotla were transferred to  Raikot  Tahsil of Ludhiana District.

 

 (i) Climatic Divisions and Climate6 Seasons and their Duration

            The climate of this district is on the whole dry and is characterized by a short monsoon season and extremes of temperature during the year. The year may be divided into four seasons.  The cold season from November to March is followed by hot season lasting up to the end of June.  The period from July to mid-September constitutes the south-west monsoon season.  The second half of September and October may be termed the post monsoon or transition period.

 

(ii) Temperature and Humidity

 

          Temperature.- There is no meteorological  observatory in the district.  The account which follows is therefore based on the records of the observatories in the neighbouring district where similar climatic conditions prevail.  From about the beginning of March temperatures increase rapidly till June which is generally the hottest month.  The mean daily maximum temperature during June is around 400 C and the mean daily minimum is 270 C. The heat in summer is intense. On  individual days the day temperature may occasionally exceed 470 or 480 C. Scorching dust laden winds which below during the hot season render the weather very trying. Afternoon thundershowers which occur on some days bring  some relief although only temporarily. With the onset of the monsoon by about the end of June or beginning of July   there is   a drop in the day temperatures but nights are nearly as warm as in June.  Due to the increased humidity in the monsoon air, the weather is oppressive in between the rains.  After the withdrawal of the monsoon by about the middle of September there is a decrease in temperatures, the drop in the night temperatures being more rapid.  After October both the day and night temperature decrease rapidly and the sharp fall in temperature after nightfall is particularly trying.   January is usually the month with the mean daily maximum  temperature at

_________________________________________________________________________

4         Vide Punjab Government Notification No.2/14/92-RE II (1)/11118 dated

        13 August 1992

5         Ibid.

6         Climate of Punjab issued by Government of India.  India Meteorological

Department printed by Additional Director General of Meteorology

(Research) Pune-1996 pp. 79-83

about 200 C and the mean  daily minimum at about 70 C.  In the cold season particularly in January and February, cold waves in the wake of passing western disturbances affect the district and the minimum temperature occasionally drops down below the freezing point. 

 

            Humidity.- During the southwest monsoon season (July to September) the relative humidity is high, being 75-80 per cent mornings and about 55-65 per cent in the afternoons.  High humidity of more than 70 per cent also prevail during the winter months and December to February. It is comparatively drier during the rest of the year.  April and May contribute the driest part of the year when in the afternoons the relative humidity is 25 per cent or less.

 

(iii) Rainfall

 

            Records of rainfall in the district are available for 12 stations for the sufficiently long period.  The details of the rainfall at these stations and for the district as a whole are given in tables 1 and 2.  The average annual rainfall in the district is 557.6 mm.  The rainfall in the district increases from the south- west towards the northeast and varies from 447.4 mm at Bandhar to 683.1 mm at Dhuri.  About 74 per cent of the annual rainfall in the district is received during the monsoon months July to September, July being the rainiest month.  There is some rain mostly as thundershowers during the pre-monsoon month of June.  Some rain is also received during the cold season in association with passing western disturbances.  The variation in the annual rainfall from year to year is large.  In the 80 years during the period 1901 to 1980, it is seen that the highest annual rainfall in the district amounting to 198 per cent of the normal occurred in 1970.  The lowest annual rainfall, which was 42 per cent of the normal, occurred in 1934.  The annual rainfall in the district was less that 80 per cent of the normal in 30 years during this period.  For the district as a whole two consecutive years of such low rainfall occurred thrice and three consecutive years once, four and five consecutive years occurred once and twice respectively.  It will be seen from table 2 that the annual rainfall in the district was between 201 and 600 mm in 53 years out of 70 years.

            On the average there are 25 rainy days (i.e. days with rainfall of 2.5 mm or more) in a year in the district.  This number varies from 16 at Lad Banjara to 30 at Bharthala.

 

            The heaviest rainfall in 24 hours recorded in the district was 331.1 mm at Balad on 12 September1958.

 

            The monthly average rainfall in Sangrur District during 1978, 1983, 1988 and 1993 to 1999 is given in Table-3.

(iv) Atmospheric Pressure and Winds

 

            Cloudiness.- Skies are moderately to heavily clouded  mainly in July and August.  Cloudiness decreases rapidly by October. In the period November to May the skies are mostly clear or lightly clouded except during the passage of western disturbances in the cold season when the skies become cloudy for brief spells of a day or two.  From June onwards cloudiness increases.

 

Winds.- Winds are generally light, with some strengthening in force during the late summer and early part of the monsoon season.  In the south-west monsoon season winds from the southwest and west are more common, with the easterlies and south-easterlies blowing on some days.  In the post monsoon and winter seasons, south-westerlies and westerlies are common in the mornings while northerlies and north-westerlies are predominant in the afternoons.  In the summer winds are from the west or the south-west in the mornings.  In the afternoons winds blow from directions between the west and north.

 

           Special Weather Phenomena.-The district is scarcely affected by monsoon depressions.  During the cold season passing western disturbances affect the weather ever the district causing a few thunderstorms.  Rain during June and monsoon season is often associated with thunder.  Dust storms occur occasionally in the hot season.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


TABLE   1

Frequency of Annual Rainfall in the District                                              (Data 1901-1980)

                                                     (Sangrur)

_________________________________________________________________           

 

Rain in  mm                    No. of years          Range in  mm          No. of                                                                                                                         years

___________________________________________________________

 

201-300                                     11                          701-800                  5

 

301-400                                     11                          801-900                  3

 

401-500                                     20                        901-1000                  1

 

501-600                                     11                      1001-1100                  2

 

601-700                                       5                      1101-1200                  1

__________________________________________________________________

                                                                                 (Data available for 70 years only)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


TABLE 2

 

Normal and Extremes  of   Rainfall  In  Sangrur  District

Station

No .of years

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September.

October.

November

December

Annual

Annual Rainfall as % of Normal and years**

 

Highest Lowest

 

Heaviest rainfall in 24 hours*

Amount        Date

(mm)

Sangrur

18 a

19.8

12.0

18.5

4.1

13.9

41.0

181.8

148.1

95.7

29.8

3.2

11.8

579.7

171

52

192.4

1960July12

 

     b

 1.6

1.0

1.8

0.6

1.4

2.6

6.6

6.9

4.4

1.3

0.4

0.9

29.5

(1960)

(1975)

 

 

 

Sunam

20  a

 17.6

14.7

12.1

5.3

12.5

50.5

126.2

153.9

94.1

33.7

2.1

11.7

534.4

172

56

181.6

1975Sept.06 

 

      b

1.6

1.3

1.1

0.5

0.9

1.8

5.3

6.1

3.6

1.1

0.3

0.9

24.5

(1955)

(1954)

 

 

 

Barnala

21 a

 18.4

16.2

13.1

5.0

6.9

30.5

177.3

135.1

105.6

32.2

4.0

7.6

551.9

177

50

212.5

1964 July 05

 

     b

1.1

1.1

1.3

0.3

0.7

1.5

5.2

5.7

3.4

0.7

0.5

0.7

22.2

(1955)

(1963)

 

 

 

Dhuri

20  a

 21.0

17.0

15.8

4.5

15.3

51.2

217.2

170.0

113.2

38.5

4.7

13.9

683.1

167

52

175.0

1967 July 05

 

      b

1.5

1.3

1.6

0.5

0.7

1.5

5.2

5.7

3.4

0.7

0.5

0.7

22.2

(1955)

(1954)

 

 

 

Malerkotla

20 a

 22.5

19.3

16.8

5.4

30.6

46.5

199.0

145.9

102.3

47.4

4.0

9.9

649.6

201

47

199.0

1967 July 05

 

      b

 1.9

1.5

1.4

0.5

1.1

2.1

7.3

6.9

3.9

1.4

0.4

0.8

29.2

(1955)

(1965)

 

 

 

Bandhar

69 a

13.8

9.2

15.0

5.9

11.3

28.8

114.8

121.9

89.0

14.9

1.5

9.9

447.4

276

22

266.7

1945Sept.26

 

      b

 1.3

1.5

1.2

0.7

1.1

2.1

5.4

5.3

3.1

0.4

0.2

0.7

23.0

(1970)

(1912)

 

 

 

Ranike

69  a

 16.5

19.6

15.5

8.0

10.2

31.2

136.4

126.8

77.9

14.1

2.9

11.7

470.8

231

18

228.6

1958Sept. 28

 

      

 1.3

1.5

1.4

0.8

0.8

2.0

5.3

5.4

3.0

0.6

0.3

0.8

23.2

(1955)

(1969)

 

 

 

Bharthala

33 a

 31.6

19.6

22.6

10.6

5.8

40.4

152.0

171.4

114.2

26.9

5.4

11.3

611.8

207

52

275.6

1945Sept. 26

 

     b

 2.3

1.8

2.0

0.7

0.7

2.2

6.9

7.6

4.0

0.8

0.4

1.0

30.4

(1945)

(1902)

 

 

 

Balad

16  a

 24.3

15.8

15.1

3.7

10.2

14.4

159.8

160.9

133.7

28.6

0.9

3.9

571.3

216

56

331.1

1958Sept. 12

 

      b

1.5

1.3

1.4

0.5

0.6

1.2

6.9

6.6

3.6

1.1

0.1

0.3

25.1

(1958)

(1965)

 

 

 

Gujjran

66 a

 18.6

19.2

14.5

10.1

12.1

43.7

140.2

140.0

82.4

17.6

2.3

9.2

509.9

232

34

248.9

1960 July 12

 

     b

 1.7

1.8

1.7

0.9

1.0

2.5

6.7

6.0

3.0

0.6

0.3

0.9

27.1

(1917)

(1903)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lad

15 a

 18.0

21.6

14.5

1.8

8.1

18.1

195.6

128.6

171.7

9.1

2.1

5.3

594.5

294

14

330.2

1958Sept. 28

Banjara

     b

 1.0

1.1

0.7

0.1

0.5

0.9

4.7

3.7

2.8

0.5

0.1

0.3

16.4

(1958)

(1962)

 

 

 

Dadahur

66 a

 19.4

21.1

18.7

10.2

11.5

35.0

143.9

116.2

86.6

11.0

3.2

12.7

489.5

228

33 (1946)

19

238.0

1955Oct.. 04

 

 

     b

 1.7

1.8

1.7

0.9

1.0

2.5

6.7

6.0

3.0

0.6

0.3

0.9

27.1

(1917)

(1946)

 

Sangrur

    a

 20.2

18.0

16.0

6.2

12.4

35.9

162.0

143.2

105.5

25.3

3.0

9.9

557.6

198

42

 

 

District

     b

 1.5

1.4

1.4

0.6

0.9

2.0

6.0

6.0

3.5

0.9

-0.3

0.7

25.2

(1970)

(1934)

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

a  Normal  rainfall in mm.

b   Average  number of rainy days  (i.e. days with rainfall of 2.5 mm or more)

                  *   Based on all available data up to 1980

** Years of occurrence given in brackets



TABLE  3

 

 Monthly Average Rainfall in Sangrur District during  the year 1978, 1983, 1988, 1993 to 1999

 

                                                                                                   ( Millimeters)

_________________________________________________________________________

Year      Jan.        Feb.      March     April       May    June     July      August    Sept.      Oct.    Nov    Dec.  Total                                                                                                                                                                                        

_________________________________________________________________________

1978          ..   25.10   28.70   13.50       9.0          ..          ..          ..          ..          ..      ..          ..   85.30

 

1983     84.0     6.40   19.10   94.40   33.80   22.10 189.30 215.90     33.0       9.5       -       4.4 711.90

 

1988           -     15.2     13.0       0.3           -     28.7   190.0   179.0   392.6           -       -     25.6   844.4

 

1993       2.0     15.7       8.7           -     16.2     19.1   195.0     10.5     76.5           -       -           -   343.7

 

1994     12.7     19.8       0.7       4.8       9.0     29.7     94.6   156.7     38.0           -       -       3.4   367.7

 

1995     29.4     52.9       6.2       9.0       1.0     46.4     94.2   229.4   108.7           -   0.6       1.2   579.0

 

1996     19.8     32.5       9.4       0.2     11.6     60.2     12.3   116.6     45.6           -       -           -   308.2

 

1997       6.0           -       3.2     26.3     42.6     60.0     56.1   253.2     11.2     32.8   4.2     45.1   540.7

 

1998       1.2     57.4     10.8       0.2       4.0     43.2   116.9     50.2     11.2     32.8   4.2     45.1   377.2

 

1999           -           -           -           -     21.0     27.5   126.7     17.6     36.0           -       -           -   228.8

 


                                                   (Statistical Abstract of Punjab 1978, 1983, 1988 and 1994 to 2000)

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

          


CHAPTER II

 

HISTORY

 

(a) Ancient History

 

            The excavations have established that the whole of the Punjab including the area of the Sangrur District was part of the Indus Valley Civilization during the early period of history.  The remains of the Indus Valley Civilization have been found extensively at two sites viz.  Harappa and Mohanjodaro (now in Pakistan). The recent excavation carried out by the    Archaeological Department, Punjab, at the various places of Malerkotla Tahsil depicts that the district is quite rich in ancient history.  Almost all the excavated places fall in Malerkotla Tahsil of the district..  The important sites so far excavated in the district are given below:

 

1                    Rohira

2                    Bahwa

3                    Bhasaur

4                    Bhudan

5                    Jandali

6                    Mahorana

7                    Maholi

8                    Kalian

9                    Mohammadpur

                                                            (b) Medieval Period

 

1000-1012              During the last quarter of the 10th Century, Raja  Jaipal rules over Punjab including the present area of Sangrur District. His capital was at Bathinda. During the Sultanate period, Sunam had strategic position and it was on the main route to Delhi..  Balban’s cousin Sher Khan was in charge of the Governorship of Sunam.  He was very energetic Governor who successfully repulsed many incursions of Mongols King.Jala-ud-Din was the

First Sultan of the Khilzi Dynasty.  

1292                During the reign of Jalal-ud-din Khilzi, at least 100,000 Mongols, strong invaded Punjab in 1292, reached Sunam but were defeated. He successfully dealt with Mongols, who made several incursions into Punjab during the last quarter of the 13th Century.  During his reign,  Akhur Beg was the Governor of Sunam.

1337                Muhammad-Bin-Tughluq passed through Sunam on way to an 

9

                        expedition    against Nagar Kot.

1343      Rebellion occurred in Sunam and Samana (Patiala District)              Muhammad-Bin-Tugluq under took an expedition to these places and defeated the chiefs- Jat Rajputs and Bhatti Rajputs. He brought them to Delhi and were forced to embrace Islam.

1526-1708      Under the Mughals, Punjab formed important province of their empire with successful governors as head of administration.  Sunam and Sirhind were the important province during the Mughal Rule and most of the area of the Sangrur fell under them.   The total reversal of his secular policy during the time of Aurangzeb, led to the downfall of the Empire.  The Sikhs under Banda Bahadur from Majha and Doaba came in large number, to take revenge on Wazir Khan, the Faujdar of Sirhind who was mainly responsible for the endless sufferings to the Guru Gobind  Singh and his sons.  The Phulkian Chiefs, who succeeded in establishing  political power in Cis-Satluj Punjab did not give much physicial  assistance to Banda  Bahadur, but they give much liberal financial assistance to him for fighting against Mughal Rule .

 

1710               In the battle of Chhaper Chiri (near Sirhind) Mohammad Khan and Khwaja Ali of Malerkotla who were assisting Wazir Khan, the Governor of Sirhind  were killed.

 

1761                Ahmed Shah Abdali, during the Fifth Afghan invasion in                                1761, after defeating Marathas at Panipat, fell on upon Ala Singh of Patiala Who had sold provisions to the Marathas at Panipat.  He sacked Barnala, terrified Ala Singh and compelled him to pay tribute.  Ala Singh could barely save himself from excommunication by pleading Jassa Singh Ahluwalia.

 

1762                After reoccupying Lahore and receiving intelligence that great number of Sikhs moved southward, Ahmed Shah Abdali immediately set out in the pursuit.  It was an unequal fight.  He caught up with the Sikhs at the village of Kup (near Malerkotla).  Sikhs soldiers put their woman and children in the centre and moved down like a living fortress from Kup to Barnala where they expected Ala Singh of Patiala coming  to their rescue, Afghan took a heavy toll of life.  This holocaust is called vada Ghalughara in which a large number of Sikhs were killed.  Thereafter, Ahmed Shah Abdali reached  Barnala and pillaged its surrounding and burnt down the town.  Ala Singh escaped but later on he was  taken  prisoner.  With the intercession of Shah Wali Khan, the grand wazir of Durrani-Najib-ud-Daula, the Rohilla chief, his life was spared on producing his allegiance and paying tribute of five lakh   rupees and another amount of one  and a quarter lakh to appear  before the Shah with long hair and beard unshaven.  Rani Fattu, wife of Ala Singh also paid the invader another sum of rupees 4 lakhs to secure the release of her husband.   Besides, the Shah himself was said to have been impressed much with the mainly department of Ala Singh. He conferred a rich khilat upon him and dispatched a firman to the Sirhind Governor to restore his jagirs.  The title of Raja was also conferred upon him and after promising a tribute, Ala Singh secured his release and struck a coin bearing Shah’s  name as the bestowar  of the kingdom .

 

1763              Sikhs sacked Malerkotla and slew its Nawab Hingom Khan. The confederate Sikhs captured the Sirhind Town from the Governor under Ahmed Singh Abdali.  Prior to that  the ancestors of phulkian families were only rural notables.  Phulkian State of  Jind. Patiala and Nabha were established.

 

1766         In this year  Raja Gajpat Singh made the Jind  town as his         capital.

 

1772                                In 1772 Raja Gajpat Singh got the title of Raja.

 

1773                                Raja Gajpat Singh attacked Amloh, Bhadson and Sangrur, which were Nahba  territories in consequence of a quarrel with the Raja of Nabha. When Raja of Patiala compelled him, he relinquished Amloh and Bhadson but retained Sangrur, Since then it became part of  Jind State..

 

1774                                Delhi Emperor made an attempt to recover Jind but the attack was repulsed with the help of the other two Phulkian States.  The marriage of  Sardar Mahan Singh, Sukerchakya  was celebrated with Raj Kaur, the daughter of Raja Gajpat Singh at Badrukhan.

 

1775                                Raja Gajpat Singh joined the Raja of Patiala to attack Rohtak, but was repulsed by the Mughal Army.

 

1780                                Raja Gajpat Singh and Raja of Patiala marched to Meerut but was again defeated.  Raja Gajpat Singh was taken as prisoner and his release was secured by paying a heavy ransom. Birth of Maharaja Ranjit Singh at Badrukhan on 13 November 1780.

 

1786                                Death of Gajpat Singh in 1786 at Safidon.  Two sons Bhag Singh and Bhup Singh succeeded him. Bhag Singh inherited the title of Raja with the territories of Jind and Safidon and Bhup Singh obtained Badrukhan.

 

1803                                Raja Bhag Singh was obliged to surrender his possessions of west of Yamuna treaty of 30 December 1803.

 

1806                                Raja Bhag Singh received from Maharaja Ranjit Singh the estates of Ludhiana consisting of 24 villages worth Rs 15,380 a year; 24 villages from Jandiala from the same family worth Rs 4,370,  2 villages of Kot and 2 of  Jagraon, worth of Rs 2,000 a year, all taken from Rani of Rai Alyas of the Mohammadan Rajput family of Raikot, while from the widow of Miah Ghos he acquired 2 villages of the Basia District.

 

1807                                3 villages of Ghungrana conquered from Gujar Singh of Raipur, 27 villages of Morinda in Sirhind, conquered from the son of Dharam Singh and altogether worth Rs 19,255 a year.

 

British Period

 

1809                A delegation consisting of the Raja of Jind, Bhag Singh, Bhai Lal Singh of  Kaithal and Diwan of Patiala, Sardar Chain Singh and the confidential agent of Nabha. Ghulam Hussain presented their memorandum to the British Resident on 1 April 1809 to pledge their loyalty to every succeeding power in Delhi and sought protection of the British.

On 25 April 1809 the British made a treaty with Maharaja Ranjit Singh.  According to this treaty the Maharaja Ranjit Singh agreed not to carry his military exploits in the Cis-Satluj territories.

The British took the area of Ludhiana from Raja Bhag Singh and made there a permanent cantonment in order to defend the Cis-Satluj States.

  

1811                                The British issued another proclamation on 22 August 1811 to protect the Cis-Satluj States against each other because they tried to demolish rob each other.

 

1819                                Death of Raja Bhag Singh in 1819.  Fateh Singh became the next ruler of Jind State.

 

1822                                Fateh Singh died in 1822, at the age of 33, leaving one son, Sangat Singh.

The installation ceremony of Sangat Singh took place on 30 July     1822 at Jind in the presence of all the Phulkian Chiefs.

 

1827                    Raja Sangat Singh shifted the headquarters from Jind to Sangrur in 1827.

 

1834                                 Death of Raja Sangat Singh without a heir to succeed.

 

1837                                Raja Sarup Singh installed in April 1837 in the presence of all the Phulkian Chiefs and the British Agent.

 

1849                                Raja Sarup Singh offered to lead his troops in person to Lahore to join the English Army during the Second World War.

 

1857                                During the mutiny in May 1857, Raja Sarup Singh not only rendered assistance to the British Government, but he himself controlled the Karnal Cantonment with his 800 men.  He also led his troops in the battle of Alipur.  The services of the Raja were duly appreciated by the British . Thirteen villages vere also ceded to the Raja in perpetuity and a house at  Delhi.  Like other Phulkian Chiefs, his salute was raised to 11 guns.

 

1863                                Raja Sarup Singh had been nominated against Grand Commander of the Star of India in August 1863.

 

1864                                Death of Raja Sarup Singh and his son Raghbir Singh succeeded him.

 

Raja Raghbir Singh installed on 31 March 1864, in the presence of Sir Herbert Edwards, the agent of the Lt Governor, the Maharaja of  Patiala, the Raja of Nabha, the Nawab of Malerkotla and many other chiefs.

 

1872                                Raja Raghbir Singh sent two guns, a troop of horses, two companies of infantry to Malerkotla to suppress the Kuka Movement on the request of the Deputy Commissioner, Ludhiana.

 

1878                                During second Afghan war in 1878.  Raja of Jind sent a contingent of 500 sepoys, 200 sawars with a large staff and 2 guns to assist the British.  In reward, he got the honorary title of Raja-I-Rajan.

 

1879                                His grandson Ranbir Singh, who was born in 1879 was only a minor.  At this time, he was only eight years old.  A council of Regency was appointed to carry on the administration during his minority.  The force along with equipment of Raja, reached at Thal in 1879 and rendered valuable service there.

 

1882                                During Egyptian war in 1882, the Raja of Jind offered to help the British with troops and ammunition but his offer was declined.

 

1887                                Death of Raja Raghbir Singh.   His only son Balbir Singh had died during his lifetime.

 

1899                                Ranbir Singh got full powers in November 1899, when he became major.           

Udham Singh was born on 26 December 1899 at Sunam.

 

1915                                The Ghadarites being short of funds had to recourse to dacoities.  One such dacoity was committed on 29 January 1915 in a village (Thanvi) in the then Malerkotla State.  The Ghadarites were to equip themselves with bomb and hand grenades.   One such bomb factory was set up at  Lohat Badi (Malerkotla Tahsil).

 

1930                                Sewa Singh Thikriwala, popularly known as `Kirpan Bahadur` was the real Hero of the Punjab Riasti Praja Mandal ` who belonged to Tahsil Anahadgarh, now called Barnala, was arrested for the first time in this year.

 

Death of Sewa Singh Thikriwala in Jail.

 

            Meeting of the Kisan Movement was held in village Laungowal in Sangrur District.  Hira Singh Bhathal, with his wife and others reached Laungowal to join the conference, but they were forced to leave the village.

Karam Singh Mann, Bar-at-Law, Lahore, who was elected to preside over the conference, reached Laungowal alongwith others

 

.1938         Netaji Subhas Chander Bose, while going from Lahore to Hisar     in a train, inspired the people of this area for revolution.  He made short but inflammatory speeches at stations, when the train halted for sometime.  Such speeches were delivered at Dhuri, Sangrur, Sunam and Lehraghagga in the district.

.

Praja Mandal workers forming committee at  district and tahsil level, particularly in Sunam by 1939, there were 866 members of the Kisan Committee, out of which 782 were in Sunam and 65 in Barnala in the Sangrur District.

 

.1940            Sir Micheal O`Dwyer was shot dead on 13 March 1960 by Udham Singh.

               Udham Singh was hanged on 31 July 1940. 

 

1942                 The District Magistrate, Sunam, issued notices in                                                 connection with the banning of the communist conference at  Ugrahan.

 

1948                    The eight princely states of Patiala, Jind, Nabha, Faridkot, Kapurthala, Malerkotla, Nalagarh and Kalsia were merged together to form the Patiala and East Punjab States Union (PEPSU) and made into eight Districts namely, Patiala, Sangrur, Bathinda, Kapurthala, Mahendergarh, Kohistan, Barnala and Fategharh Sahib.

 

1974                                The remains of great martyr Shahid Udham Singh were brought to Sunam, his home town on 31 March 1974 from England and were finally cremated with full state honour.  In order to pay the deepest homage to Shahid Udham Singh, a memorial has also been raised at Sunam.

Malerkotla

 

1515                                Death of Sadr Jahan leaving behind three sons Issa, Hassan and Musa.

 

1545                                Mohammad Shah died leaving three sons of whom the eldest Khawaja Mauded succeeded.

 

1656                Fateh Muhammad Khan son of Khawaja enlarged his family estates and founded kotla near Maler.

 

1657                    He frequented Delhi court and received from the Emperor Aurangazeb, the paraganas of Kadrabad and Nawangon in Jagir.

 

1659                Fateh Mohammad Khan died.  The eldest son  Firoz Khan  succeeded him as Rais.

 

1672                                Firoz Khan died in 1672.  His  eldest son Sher Mohammad Khan was a prominent General of his time succeeded him.

 

1710                                Sher Muhammad Khan was killed in the battle of Chapper Chiri (Near Sirhind) in which Banda Bahadur routed the forces of the Subah of Sirhind.

 

1712           Sher Mohammad Khan died.  He was succeeded by   Ghulam Hussain  Khan. Thereafter he was succeeded by Jamal Khan.   .

 

1762                                Jamal Khan left five sons, the eldest  of whom Bhikhan Khan became Rais.

 

1763                    Bhikhan Khan joined hands with the Subah of Sirhind.  But the Subah was defeated at Harnaulgarh. Jassa Singh Ahluwalia slew Bhikhan Khan in an action.

Bhikhan Khan left two sons, Wazir Khan and Fateh Khan who were infants, Bahadur Khan, a brother of Bhikhan Khan succeeded him.

 

1766                                Bahadur Khan was killed in an engagement with the Sikhs in Jhal.  He was succeeded by Umar Khan the eldest surviving brother of Jamal Khan.

 

1782                                Death of Umar Khan, Ata-Ullah-Khan the eldest  of five sons of  Jamal Khan succeeded him.

 

1788                The Afghan of Malerkotla assisted Lord Lake in defeating the Marathas.

1794                                Sahib Singh Bedi of Una, a benefactor of the Sikhs attacked Malerkotla but with the intervention of Raja of Patiala he retreated.

 

1808                                Maharaja Ranjit Singh demanded one and a half lakh of rupees from the Khan of Kotla.  On his inability to pay the full amount, he deputed the Tahsildars and Thanedars to realise the balance.

 

1810              Malerkotla came under protectorate of the British who reinstated the dispossessed Chief of Malerkotla and the staff of Maharaja was asked to go.

 

1814                                Wazir Khan assisted the British in the Gorkha War.

 

1821                                                                                                                    Wazir Khan died in 1821 and succeeded by his son Amir            Khan.

1839             Amir Khan rendered assistance to the British in 1839 in the Kabul  War  popularly known as First Afghan War.

 .

1845        During the first Anglo Sikhs War, he fought on the side of British at  Mudki and Firozshah.  In recognition of his service, he was awarded the title of  Nawab and Jagir of three villages.

 

1846        Amir Khan passed away in 1846.  He was succeeded by his son Mehboob Ali Khan better known as Sube Khan.

 

1857        Sube Khan aided with the Birtish during the mutiny of 1857.

 

1859              Sher Khan died in 1859 and his son Sikander Ali Khan succeded him.  Sikander Ali Khan`s sons died young.  On this Sikhander Ali Khan nominated Ibrahim Ali Khan the eldest son of Dilawar Ali Khan as his heir.

 

1869                                Nawab Sikhander Ali Khan attended Viceregal Durbar in 1869 held in honour of Amir Sher Ali Khan of Kabul.          

 

1871        Sikander Ali Khan died in 1871.  Ibrahim Khan was    succeeded him at the age of 14.  During his reign Kuka Movement took place.

 

1877        Ibrahim Ali Khan attended imperial assemblage at  Delhi in 1877.

 

1880                                He attended Viceregal Durbar held at Lahore.

 

1882                                 He again attended  Viceregal Durbar held at  Rupnagar     District.

 

1884             Untimely death of his eldest son Sahibzada Ashiq Ali Khan and  his wife disturbed his mind and he withdrew from the worldly affairs.  The State was put under the management of some superintendents appointed by the Government and this arrangement continued up to 1903.

 

 

1903                    Sahibzada Ahmed Ali Khan took charge of the affair of the State.

 

1905       Sahibzada Ahmed Ali Khan attended the Darbar at Lahore in 1905.He married the cousin of the Nawab of Rampur.

 

1906                    Lord Minto, Viceroy and Governor General of India visited      Malerkotla State on 20 November 1906.

 

1908                    Nawab Ahmed Ali Khan passed away in 1908.

 

 

1911                    Muhammad Ahmed Ali Khan became the Nawab of Malerkotla.

 

1947                    Nawab Muhammed Ali Khan passed away on 18 October 1947 and Nawab Aftikhr Ali Khan became the Nawab of Malerkotla.

 

1982                    Dealth of Nawab Muhammad Iftikhar Ali Khan of Malerkotla on 20 November 1982.  He died issueless.

 

 

                                                     

 

 

 


7         APPENDIX

Revolutionaries Belonging to Sangrur District Tried and Convicted by           Special Tribunals.

The following persons of Barnala Tahsil were arrested on charge of joining the Kamagata Maru Passengers at Budge Budget (Calcutta)

 


Serial  No.  Name                          Father’s Name                         Village

 

 


1              Mastan Singh                Kahan Singh                           Mun

2               Chanda Singh              Sarmukh Singh                        Thikriwala

3               Jai Singh                       Kala Singh                              Bhila

 

 


The following persons were the member of the Ship Committee of Kamagata aru:-

 


Serial No.  Name                           Father’s Name                         Village

 


1              Santa Singh                               Badan Singh               Kaleae            

 2              Dayal Singh                               Bandan Singh             Dirba

 

 

 


The following one person was the member of the Ship Committee who was presumed to be killed:

 

      Sanga Singh                            Punjab Singh

 

    The following persons of Village Thikriwala (Barnala Tahsil) had to undergo different terms of imprisonment in the Shri Hargobind conspiracy case:-

 


Serial   Name                     Father’s Name             Village             Penalty

No.

 


1       Sher Singh                Lehna Singh                Thikriwala       7 years’R-I

2       Kesar Singh              Jwala Singh                 -do-                 3 years’R-I

3       Gundoo                    Jwala Singh                 -do-                 3 years’R-I

4       Veer Singh               Ganesh Singh              -do-                 21years’R-I

5       Atma Singh              Arjan Singh                 -do-                 14years’R-I

6       Bela Singh                Jiwan Singh                 -do-                 7years’R-I

___________________________________________________________

 

The following person was presumed killed.  The name of this person appeared neither in the official list of the wounded nor of the dead officially, he disappeared mysteriously, never to be seen again, except Baba Gurdit Singh.

____________________________________________________________

Serial No.   Name                          Father’s Name             Village            

____________________________________________________________

1    Santa Singh                             Punjab Singh               Kurdi  

___________________________________________________________

The following person arrived by the Tosa Maru at Calcutta on 19 October 1914 and put under house arrest

____________________________________________________________

1    Kaku Singh                             Harnam Singh             Balewal

___________________________________________________________

 

The Sailun Maru arrived with 112 passenger of these, 31 were put under house arrest.

 

1    Kehar Singh                            Gulab Singh                Ramgarh

____________________________________________________________

    The Edgware arrived on 7 March 1915 with 31 passanger of whom the following were put under house arrest three days later     

 

1    Deva Singh                             Wazir Singh                Bhadaur         

2    Sarwan Singh                          Sazir Singh                  Bhadur           

 

____________________________________________________________

(Khuswant Singh and Satindra Singh Ghadar 1915, New Delhi-I (1966) pp 63, 66, 67, 69, 70 and 84)

 

     

                                                           

                                                                                                     

 

 

                                                                                                                                               

 

 

 

 

                           


CHAPTER  III

 

PEOPLE

 

                        Distribution of Population between Rural and Urban Areas.- The population of Sangrur District, as per 1991 Census was 17,10,120 (comprising 9,14,361 males and 7,95,759 females).  According to the Statistical Abstract of Punjab 1996, there were 12 towns in the district viz.. Ahmadgarh, Barnala, Bhadaur, Bhawanigarh, Dhanaula, Dhuri, Lehra Gaga, Laungowal, Malerkotla, Sangrur, Sunam and Tapa, all these are Municipal Councils.  All these towns accommodate approximately 24.44 per cent of the total population of the district.  According to the 1991 Census, the percentage of urban population of the district was 21.85 per cent. The following table shows the distribution of population between rural and urban areas and males and females by tahsil in the district according to 1991 Census: -

_______________________________________________________________

Tahsil/                  Total              Males        Females          Rural          Urban

District                 Population

_______________________________________________________________

 

Malerkotla           5,47,452       2,91,835       2,55,617       3,95,861       1,51,591

Sangrur                2,97,587       1,58,866       1,38,721       2,11,014          86,573

Sunam                 4,06,440       2,18,522       1,87,918       3,46,976          59,464

Barnala                4,58,641       2,45,138       2,13,503       3,38,275       1,20,366

_______________________________________________________________

                          17,10,120       9,14,361       7,95,759     12,92,126      4,17,994

______________________________________________________________              (Census of India 1991, Series-20, Punjab Part II-A and Part II B, General Population Tables and Primary Census Abstract)

 

                        Sex Ratio.- The total population  of the Sangrur District according to 1991 Census was 17,10,120 out of which 9,14,361 males and 7,95,759 females, i.e. showing a ratio of 53.47:46.53 against the ratio of 53.75:46.25 for 1981 Census.

            As per 1981 Census, there were 860 females per 1,000 males against 870 females per 1,000 males for 1991 Census.  The district ranked ninth in the State for number of females per  1,000 males.

 

                        Density of Population.- The density of population of the district increased from 276 persons per sq. km. in 1981 to 335 in 1991.  It was lower than that of Punjab State as a whole (403 persons per sq. km.).  The district ranked ninth in respect of density of population in 1991.  Malerkotla

21

Tahsil had the highest density of population with 419 persons per sq km in 1991 whereas Sunam  Tahsil   had the lowest  with 287 persons  per sq. km.  The density of population of Sangrur District is given below:­­­­­­­­_______________________________________________________________

Year           District                           Rural                             Urban

_______________________________________________________________

1981              276                                216                              4362

1991              335                                257                              4939

­­­­­­­­­­_______________________________________________________________

 (Census of India 1981, Series-17, Punjab Part-II-A and Part-II-B, General Population Tables and Primary Census Abstract and Census of India 1991, Series-20 Punjab, Part-II-A and Part-II-B, General Population Tables and Primary Census Abstract)

                                                               

Growth of Population

According to 1991 Census the population of Sangrur District was 17,10,120 (9,14,361 males and 7,95,759 females) as against 14,10,250 (7,58,058 males and 6,52,192 females) in 1981.  The net addition to the population in the district during 1981-1991 decade was 2,99,870 persons, thereby recording a decennial growth rate of 21.26 percent against the State growth rate of 20.81 per cent.  The decennial growth rate of population declined during 1981-1991 decade by 1.73 per cent.

 

Distribution of Population of Scheduled Castes

 

            According to 1981 Census, the population of Scheduled Castes, in the Sangrur District was 3,59,259 which rose to 4,58,856 in 1991.The tahsil-wise distribution of Scheduled Caste population in Sangrur District according to the 1981 and 1991 Census is given below:

_______________________________________________________________ 

Tahsil                       1981                                    1991

_______________________________________________________________

                     Total          Males     Females      Total           Males        Females

_______________________________________________________________

Malerkotla  1,03,489    55,930       47,559       1,29,798       69,729       60,069

Sangrur          65,097    35,146       29,951          84,010       45,046       38,964

Sunam           86,025    46,523       39,502       1,11,831       60,364       51,467

Barnala       1,04,648    56,435    4,82,123       1,33,217       71,221       61,996

_______________________________________________________________

District       3,59,259  1,94,034   1,65,225      4,58,856       2,46,360     2,12,496

Total

_________________________________________________________________________

(Census of India 1981, Series-17, Punjab Part-II-A and Part-II-  A  and Part-II-B,General  Population Tables and Primary   Census Abstract and Census of India 1991, Series-20, Punjab Part-II-A, and Part-II-B, General Population Tables and  Primary Census Abstract)

 

 

 

 

Distribution of Population by Religion

                        According to the 1991 Census the district topped with Muslim population in the State but it had the lowest population of Christians in the same year.  The distribution of the population of the district by religion, according  to 1981 and 1991 Census is given below:

___________________________________________________________________________

8         Population Classified by Religion

Religion                      1981                                                                               1991

                        Total           Males           Females           Total        Males         Females

___________________________________________________________________________

Hindus              3,40,428    1,83,417       1,57,011      3,33,611     1,78,888     1,54,723                  

Sikhs              12,44,136       6,64,788     5,79,348       9,81,940     5,29,024       4,52,916

Muslims           1,22,245          64,417         57,828          89,443        47,368          42,075

Christ ians                745                401              344               611             328              283                

Budhists                  544                276              268               -                    -                      -

Jains                       1,781                904              877           3,507          1,847            1,660

Other                           99                   53               46            1,073             569              504

Religions                                    

Religion                   142                105                 3                 65              34                  31

not stated ___________________________________________________________________________

                      17,10,120       9,14,361    7,95,759      14,10,250      7,58,058      6,52,192

___________________________________________________________________________

                         (Census of India 1991, Series-20 Part-IV-B(ii)Religion Tables C-9)

 

Population of Towns

                         The proportion between rural and urban population in the district in 1991 was 75.56:24.44 as against 78.15:21.85 in 1981.  The population of towns in the Sangrur District is given below:

___________________________________________________________________________

Towns                                                         1981                                        1991                

___________________________________________________________________________1 Malerkotla                                                         65,756                                    88,600

2 Barnala                                                     43,680                                            75,430   

3 Sangrur                                                    45,220                                    56,419

4 Sunam                                                           36,180                                       43,909

5 Dhuri                                                              27,100                                       37,431

6 Ahmadgarh                                                  16,874                                       25,560

7 Laungowal                                                    12,971                                       16,254

8 Dhanaula                                                      13,885                                       15,967

9 Lehra  Gaga                                                  12,241                                       15.555

10 Bhadaur                                                      13.350                                       14,808

11 Tapa                                                            11,108                                       14,161

12 Bhawanigarh                                                9,817                                       13,900

___________________________________________________________________________

 Total                                                             3,08,182                                   4,17,994

___________________________________________________________________________

                                                                     (Statistical Abstract of Punjab 1996)

Villages Classified by Population

               The table given below shows the number of villages classified by various ranges of population in Sangrur District according to 1981 and1991 Census:

_______________________________________________________________

Year     Total             Less    200-   500-   1,000-   2,000-    5,000-    10,000 and

             number of     than     499    999     1,999    4,999     9,999      above

             inhabited       200

             villages

_______________________________________________________________

 1981          707           29       62      205       238     159        14                 -

 

 1991           709            19       52     154      246     211         26                1

_______________________________________________________________(Census of India 1981, Series-17 Punjab Part-II-A and Part-B,  General Population Tables and Primary Census Abstract and Census of India 1991, Series-20 Punjab, Part-II-A and Part-II-B, General Population Tables and Primary Census Abstract)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


                                             CHAPTER  IV

 

AGRICULTURE AND IRRIGATION

 

            Like other districts of the State district Sangrur is also an agricultural district.  According to the 1991 Census out of total main workers of the district 68.19 per cent were engaged in agricultural pursuits.

Land Utilization

            According to village papers the total area of the district during 1999-2000 was 502 thousand hectares, out of which 454 thousand hectares (90.00 per cent) was net area sown.  The area under forests was only 7 thousand hectares.  The cropping intensity in the district during 1999-2000 was 195.81 per cent.

            The classification of the area by land use in the district during 1983-84, 1988-89, 1993-94 and 1995-96 to 1999-2000 is given below:

(Thousand Hectares)

______________________________________________________________________________________________

Particulars                  1983-84   1988-89   1993-94   1995-96   1996-97   1997-98     1998-99                      1999-2000

______________________________________________________________________________________________

Total area according       511          502          502          502          502          502          502              502

to village papers

 

Forests                               7              7              7              7              7              7              7                  7

 

Barren and

Unculturable                      ..              1              1            11              1               -              2                (a)

Land

 

Land put to

non-agricultural                 ..            44            51            26            14              3            44                39

use

 

Culturable waste                ..              1               -              2              9              1              3                    -

 

Permanent Pastures

and other                           ..               -               -            (a)              1               -              4               (a)

grazing land

 

Land under misc. tree                             

crops and groves not         ..               1               -              1                6             -                7            -

 included in net area

sown

 

Current fallow                   4                  6             1           (a)                3           (a)              (a)                          1

 

Fellow land and

other  than                                        -                -               (a)            -                7              1                -              1

Current fallow

 

Net area sown              459            451            442         455          454          490          435           454

 

Area  sown more

than once                     335            394             427       413            440            497            426                     435

 

Total cropped              794            845           869         868          894         987           863             889

area       

______________________________________________________________________________________________                                                  (Statistical Abstracts of Punjab 1984, 1989, 1994 and 1996 to 2000)

25

 

Irrigation Facilities

            Area Irrigated by Different Sources of Irrigation.- Agricultural production and irrigation are positively co-related.  The main sources of irrigation, in the district are tube wells and canals.  The net area irrigated in the district, which was 392.1 thousand hectares in 1978-79, increased to 452.9 thousand hectares in 1999-2000.  The net area irrigated by tube wells in the district accounted for 378.3 thousand hectares during 1999-2000.  The net area irrigated by different sources of irrigation in the district for the year 1978-79, 1983-84, 1988-89, 1993-94 and 1995-96  to 1999-2000 is given below:

                                                                           (Thousand hectares)

___________________________________________________________________________

Net area irrigated by

Year               Government     Private   Tube wells    Other       Total        Percentage of net area

                                                                                                              Canals              Canals      and wells     Sources                    irrigated to the net                                                                                                                 

                                                                                                                                 area sown

1978-79              137.1               -              255.0                   -          392.1                            85.6

1983-84              153.3               -              283.0                   -          436.3                            95.1

1988-89              150.9               -              292.3                   -          443.2                            98.3

1993-94              141.4               -              299.3                   -          440.7                            99.7

1995-96              157.0               -              298.0                   -          455.0                          100.0

1996-97              156.8               -              296.0                   -          452.8                            99.7

1997-98              160.3               -              329.5                   -          489.8                          100.0

1998-99                 57.6               -              377.3                   -          434.9                          100.0

1999-2000            74.6        -               378.3      -               452.9      99.8       

            (Statistical Abstracts of Punjab 1979,1984,1989,1994 and 1996 to 2000)

 

Canals. - Two branches of the Sirhind Canal viz. Kotla Branch and Bathinda Branch irrigate the Malerkotla, Barnala and Sangrur tahsils, Bhakhra Main Canal, Ghaggar Branch and Sarusti Distributory irrigate the Sunam tahsil.

Area irrigated by these canals in the district is given below:

                                                                                        (Area  irrigated in hectares)

Year           Bhakhra               Ghaggar           Bathinda          Kotla             Sarusti

                   Canal                   branch              branch             branch          distributory

___________________________________________________________________________ 

1978-79            10,132               98,319           51,919                1,01,188               10

1983-84            10,954            1,14,851           52,677                1,13,597                  9

1988-89            13,613            1,13,320           52,378                1,15,966               11

1993-94            15,618            1,15,955           50,585                1,20,064               14

1995-96            16,472        1,15,794               51,310                1,18,677                  8

1996-97            16,597        1,17,776               51,521                1,17,451                  8

1997-98         1,72,675        1,18.814               64,707                1,70,540                  ..

1998-99         1,72,676        1,18,873               64,707                1,70,540                  ..

1999-2000    1,72,676        1,18,934               64,707                1,70,540                  .. ___________________________________________________________________________

                            (Source: Superintending Engineers, Sirhind Canal Circle, Ludhiana,

                                   I.B. Circle, Patiala and Bhakhra Main Canal, Patiala)

 

Major and Subsidiary Crops

 

          The cropping pattern of the district is not much different from the cropping pattern practiced in the other districts of the State.  Wheat and Rice are the most important crops of the district.  The district has been the largest producer of wheat, rice, barely and bajra in the State during 1999-2000.  It ranked second during 1999-2000 in the production of Arhar after Ludhiana District.  The area under mung has significantly increased from 0.94 thousand hectares in 1978-79 to 5-7 thousand hectares in 1999-2000.

 

            Detailed particulars regarding the area under different crops and their total production in the district are given in Appendix I  and II at page 34 and 35 respectively.

 

High Yielding Varieties

 

            The high yielding varieties of different crops sown in the district are given below:

 

_______________________________________________________________

Name of the crop                                            Variety

_______________________________________________________________                 

Rice                                Pusa 44, PR 106, PR 111, PR 113,  PR 114, PR 116

Maize                             Partap, Sartaj

Wheat PBW 343,  HD 2329, WH 542,UP 2338, HD 2687,                                                                                                                      PBW 373

Barley                             PL 426,PL 172 ,RD 2508

Mustard (Sarson)           RLM 619, GSL 2 ,BIO 902

______________________________________________________________

                                          (Source: Chief Agricultural Officer, Sangrur)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Fruit Crops

                 Area under fruits in the district has increased from 890 hectares in

1983-84 to 3,835 hectares in 1998-1999.  Ber is the important fruit crop of the district.  The area under this fruit has increased five folds since 1983-84.                                                                

            The table given below shows the area under different fruits in the district during the years 1983-84, 1988-89, 1993-94 and 1995-96 to 1999-2000:

_______________________________________________(hectares)________

Fruit/Crop      1983-      1988-      1993-      1995-      1996-      1997-      1998-            1999-

                     84         89         94         96          97          98           99             2000                             

____________________________________________________________________________________

      1                        2               3              4              5              6             7               8             9

____________________________________________________________________________________

 

Kinnow                 144          604          762          777          787          785          785            83

Orange and              24            65          105          109          109          110          110            16

Malta

Lemon                     17            32            40            43            44            45            45          201

Mango                     43            47          127          140          148          150          155            99

Lichi                           -              1              1              1              1              1              1               -

Guava                    167          208          131          387          435          475          543          623

Pear                         45            96          168          191          194          195          195            45

Grapes                     19          170          208          228          235          240          243          101

Ber                        330          494          787          933       1,025       1,080       1,156          565

Miscellaneous       101          166          336          460          503          539          602          307

Total                      890       1,883       2,665       3,269       3,481       3,620       3,835       2,040

_______________________________________________________________

                    (Statistical Abstracts of Punjab 1984,1989,1994 and 1996 to 2000)

 

Co-Operation

 

         Co-Operative Farming Societies.- The number of co-operative farming societies functioning in the district during 1978-79, 1983-84, 1988-89 and 1993-94 and 1995-96 to 1999-2000 are given below:

_______________________________________________________________                  Year                                                            Number of co-operative

                                                                       farming societies

_______________________________________________________________

 1978-79                                                                           78                                                 

 1983-84                                                                           78

                                                   1988-89                                                              78          

1993-94                                                                                                                  36

1995-96                                                                                                                  23

1996-97                                                                     22                                                               

1997-98                                                                     22                                                                                       

1998-99                                                                     22

1999-2000                                                                 22                                

_______________________________________________________________                                                                                                                                                                ( Source: Deputy Registrar, Co-operative Societies, Sangrur)

 

Fertilizers and Manures

          Fertilizers and manures play very important role in raising agricultural productivity. These inputs improve the texture and fertility of the soil.

         Chemical Fertilizers.- Fertilizers are chemically prepared.  Balanced and judicious use of fertilizers is essential for increasing agricultural production.  Fertilizers provide nitrogeneous, phosphatic and potassic nutrients to the soil.  The use of fertilizers has increased many fold in recent years.

          The table below shows the use of chemical fertilizers in the district during the years 1978-79, 1983-84, 1988-89, 1993-94 and 1995-96 to 1999-2000:

                                                                            (‘000 Nutrients Tonnes)

_______________________________________________________________

 

    Year                                       Fertilizers used

                          ________________________________________________

                          Nitrogenous         Phosphatic                Potassic             Total                                                             (N)                    (P2   O5)                  (K2  O)            (NPK) 

_______________________________________________________________

                                      

1978-79                    37                           14                              2                       53

1983-84                    75                           27                              1                     103

1988-89                    80                           35                              1                     116

1993-94                    87                           24                               -                     111

1995-96                  109                           26                              1                     136

1996-97                  109                           26                               -                     135

1997-98                  106                           27                              1                     134

1998-99                  105                           27                              1                     133

1999-2000             120                           41                              3                     166

___________________________________________________________________________

                      (Statistical Abstracts  o f Punjab 1979,1984,1989,1994 and 1996 to 2000)

 

            Manures.- Manures  consists of rural compost, town compost and green manuring Rural compost and town compost are prepared from human and animal wastes whereas green manures is prepared from green crops such as dhaincha, saun-hemp, senji and barseen, etc.  The use of green manure is very essential to maintain the level of the soil.  The quantity of rural compost, town compost and area under green manuring during the years 1988-89, 1993-94 and 1995-96 to 1999-2000 is given here under:

_______________________________________________________________

Year            Rural compost                    Town compost                         Green Manure

               (in Lakh metric tones)            (000’metric tones)                    (000’ hectares)

_______________________________________________________________

   1                      2                                          3                                                  4

_______________________________________________________________

1988-89               24.00                         19.50                            29.00

1993-94              20.40                           27.00                           35.52

1995-96              27.50                           28.60                           29.00

__________________________________________________________________________  

   1                                2                                         3                                          4

__________________________________________________________________________

1996-97              23.00                           28.20                           16.00

1997-98              22.50                           26.70                           10.90

1998-99              23.50                           23.40                           12.10

1999-2000          31.50                           13.30                             8.50

_______________________________________________________________

                          (Source: Field Manure-cum-Town compost Officer, Punjab, S.A.S.Nagar)

 

9         Area under fodder Crops

 

                               Jowar (chari), maize, guar, bajra are the main kharif fodder crops and barseem, senji, and oats (javi) are the main rabi fodder crops.  The following table shows the area under fodder crops in the district during 1978-79, 1983-84, 1988-89, 1993-94 and 1995-96 to 1999-2000:

_______________________________________________________________

Fodder       1978-           1983-     1988-        1993-     1995-           1996-         1997-         1998-        1999-

Crops         79                     84          89            94          96                 97              98              99           2000      

____________________________________________________________________________________

  Kharif   

Jowar            15,284    15,094          24,105       22,041                         -               8,669                 -          -                     -        

(Chari)

Guar            1,128           734           3,443     1,072                -                746            1,577             1,227     251

Other            11,072    11,795         14,597     19,084        34,256        29,751         34,868          32,398 34,327

Fodder

Crops

    Total        27,484     27,623         42,145    42,197         34,256     39,166             36,445               33,625        34,758

Rabi

Barseem       21,077     19,921         25,067   24,257          20,789      24,769                    24,185           22,433       22,678

Oats               1,742       1,670           1,418     1,808            1,901       2,713                 27 1           3,335           3,611

(Javi)

Other                193           236                 640 152            6,409           226                 265                         162                88

Fodder

Crops

     Total       23,012     21,827         27,125     26,217      29,099        27,708           26,721        25,930          25,972

______________________________________________________________________________________________

Grand          50,496     49,450         69,270     68,414          63,355       66,87 4       63,166          69,555           60,550

Total

______________________________________________________________________________________________

                                                                  (Source: Deputy Commissioner, Sangrur)

 

 

Livestock

 

            Animal Husbandry.-Livestock is an important factor in the economic development of the district.  Although there has been mechanization of agriculture yet the use of draught animals as a source of power in agricultural operations and transportation still continues.  Livestock also provide non-vegetarian meals milk and wool for clothing.

 

            The number of livestock in the Sangrur District as per 1977 and 1990

 

Livestock Census is given below:    

                                                                                             (Thousand)

___________________________________________________________________________

                                                                            1977                             1990

___________________________________________________________________________                                                                     

Cattle                                                             412.2                              292.5

Buffaloes                                                        430.3                              588.4

Horses and Ponies                                             3.2                                  1.4

Donkeys                                                              5.8                                  0,6

Mules                                                                   2,2                                  2,7

Sheep                                                                 66.5                                48.0

Goats                                                                 66.2                                39.5

Camels                                                              11.1                                  1.1

Pig                                                                       18.3                                  9.2

Others                                                                       -                                       -

Total                                                             1,015.8                              983.4

Poultry                                                             256.0                          1,007.1

 


                                                            (Statistical Abstracts of Punjab 1983 and 1994)

                Fisheries.-Fisheries Department Punjab, has played an important role in bringing blue revolution in the State.  Fish rearing provides self-employment and protein rich food.

            The Fisheries Department in the district has introduced various schemes to popularize fish rearing. The Sangrur District has also been brought under Fish Farmers Development Agency (FFDA).  The agency provides five days training during which a stipend of Rs 25 per day per trainee is given.  It helps in procuring financial assistance from financial institution to set-up fish farms.  The FFDA also provides subsidy for bringing improvement in old ponds at the rate of Rs 8,000 per hectare and Rs 20,000 per hectare for new ponds.  Besides, a sum of Rs 40,000 per hectare is given as subsidy for feed.

            The existing fisheries resources in the district are ponds, canals, drains and Ghaggar River.  In the Sangrur District 511.20 hectares area was under the fisheries during 1999-2000.  In the Sangrur District the Fisheries Department has set up two fish seed farms at village Banera and Sangrur.

            The income from sale of fish seed and area under the fisheries in the

Sangrur District during 1992-93 to 1999-2000 is given below:

____________________________________________________________________________________

Year                                                                  Area                                             Income

                                                                      (in hectares)                                     (Rs)

____________________________________________________________________________________

1992-93                                                            150,05                                          1,26,177

1993-94                                                            522.40                                          2.92.390

1994-95                                                            563.30                                          2,54,040

1995-96                                                            509.80                                          2,48,180

1996-97                                                            416.95                                          2,10,825

1997-98                                                            295.20                                          3,17,000

1998-99                                                            386.73                                          3,38,440

1999-2000                                                        511.20                                          2,98,050 ____________________________________________________________________________________                    

                                                                              (Source: Divisional Forest Officer, Sangrur)

   Forests

 

      Category-wise area under the forests in the Sangrur District during 2000 is given here under:

 


          Particulars                                                                          Area

                                                                              ( In Hectares)

 


A   Protected Forests

 

   (a) Demarcated protected forests -                                                  -

   (b) Un demarcated protected forests                                               -

  ( c )   Canal/Drain side forests                                             4,823.78

 

2 Road side forests                                                                  1,128.42

3 Forests along the sides of railway line                                 444.25

4 Block forests                                                                            467.41

B Forests under section 38 of Indian Forests                                    -

C Unclassified forests                                                              133.063

 


                                                                        (Source Divisional Forest Officer, Sangrur)

 

                Forest Produce.- The income from sale of forest produce in the Sangrur District during 1983-84, 1988-89 , 1993-94 and 1995-96 to 1999-2000 is given below:

______________________________________________________________

Year                                         Major produce                   Minor produce

                                                      (Rs)                                     (Rs)

______________________________________________________________

1983-84                                      30,76,656                                   39,800

1988-89                                      15,36,857                                      2,365

1993-94                                      33,13,125                                      3,200

1995-96                                      56,38,795                                      1,220

1996-97                                      27,99,840                                      3,280

1997-98                                      84,70,837                                         700

1998-99                                      32,33,483                                         825

1999-2000                                  74,88,106                                               -

 


                                                                    (Source: Divisional  Forest Officer, Sangrur)

 

Floods                                          

          Damage caused to crops and houses by heavy rains and floods in Sangrur District during the years 1978, 1983, 1988 ,1993 and 1995 to1999 are 

 

 

 

 

 

 

as under:

_______________________________________________________________

 

Year    No. of         Area affected     Human    Cattle     Houses         Damage to Crops

         villages     (sq. km.)         lives      heads damaged    Area       Value

           town                                lost        lost      number  affected     (Rs’000)

         affected                      (number) (number)              (hectares)

_______________________________________________________________

1978       32                   28                       -                   -              35        2,750 3,922

1983         -                 -                 -              -              -              -                    -  

1988         -                 -                 -              -              -              -                    -

1993     84                 287                      6             444          2,466       19,473                          ..

1995    466                 146                      7             414       15,217       14,644               68,337

1996    466                 146                       -                   -                   -                   -                           -

1997      32                      ..                       -                   -                   -          4,495               17,554

1998         -                       -                       -                   -                   -          4,843               13,448

1999        6                      8                       -                   -                   -             671                  3,551   

_______________________________________________________________

                ( Statistical  Abstracts of Punjab 1979, 1984, 1989, 1994 and 1996 to 2000)

 

 

 

 

 

      

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                                         

                                                           APPENDIX  I                   (vide page27)

 

 

Area Under Principal Crops In The Sangrur District

 

                                                                                         (Thousand Hectares)

________________________________________________________________________________________

         Crops                       1978-         1983-      1988-  1993-      1995-      1996-      1997-      1998-      1999-

                                             79            84           89         94           96            97           98            99         2000    

__________________________________________________________________

  Cereals

 

Rice                          78.0       168.0       220.0   326.0       321.0          309       333.0           3.0        360.0

Jowar                         0.3           0.1           0.1       0.1           0.1           1.0            (a)            (a)            -

Bajra                         24.7         14.4           4.1       2.2           2.5           2.2           2.0           1.8            1.8

Maize                       50.0         23.0           6.0       1.0           1.0           2.0           1.0            (a)            1.0

Wheat                     323.0       369.0       381.0   391.0       375.0       392.0          401       393.0         394.0

Barley                         8.4           9.1           7.7       5.2           6.9           6.2              8              6            7.0

 

  Pulses

 

Gram                        36.0           5.0           3.5       0.7           0.9           1.0              1           0.6           0.6

Mash                        0.38         0.12         0.03        (a)            (a)            (a)               -             (a)            (c)

Mung                       0.94         6.06         5.60       7.7           6.1           7.3           6.5           6.0            5.7

Massar                     0.16         0.12         0.05        (a)           0.1            (a)            (a)            (a)            (c)

Arhar                             -               -           2.5       2.1           1.8           2.0           1.7           1.7            1.9

 

  Oil Seeds

 

Groundnut                23.4         16.4           7.1       3.6           1.4           1.8           1.4           0.7           0.6

Rape Seed                  7.4           5.0           5.0       2.2           4.8           3.1           2.4           3.1           3.4

and Mustard

Sesamum                    0.1            (a)            (a)           -            (a)            (a)            (a)            (a)            (c)

Linseed                       (a)               -               -           -               -               -               -               -               -

Sunflower                      -               -               -       0.3           1.0              1           0.1               -            (c)

 

  Other Crops

 

Sugarcane                 12.0           8.0           6,2       3.5           6.4         10.2           6.8           4.7           3.9

Potatoes                      0.5           0.2           0.4       0.2           0.8           0.5           0.9           2.0           2.2

Cotton                      28.1         50.8         98.3     17.0         59.6         16.7         14.9           7.5           5.9

(American)

Cotton (Desi)           65.3         28.0         12.7       6.8         20.8           2.3         19.6         16.5         13.7

____________________________________________________________________________________                           

                                  (Statistical Abstracts of Punjab 1979,1984,1989,1995 and 1996 to 2000)

 

Note (a) Denotes less than 500 hectares

         (c) Denotes less than 50 hectares

 

 

 

 

                              APPENDIX II                   (vide page27)

   Production of Principal Crops in the Sangrur District

                                                                       (Thousand Metric Tons)

______________________________________________________________

     Cereals            1978-      1983  -     1988-      1993-      1995-      1996-      1997-      1998-        1999-

       Crops                         79           84             89           94            96           97           98           99          2000 

___________________________________________________________________________________

   Cereals

 

Rice                         268                     596         721            1,282      1,091      1,163      1,277      1,262      1,282

Jawar                       0.2             -           0.1           0.1               -           1.0               -               -                   -

Bajra                         25           18           2.5           2.6           2.8           2.0           3.0           2.2               1.4

Maize                    80.0        35.0           4.0           2.0           2.0           4.0           2.0               -               2.0

Wheat                  984.0      1,219       1,585       1,712       1,647       1,805       1,732       1,729           1,902

Barley                   14.0         18.0         26.0         19.3         25.0         22.2         26.1         21.3             23.7

 

  Pulses

 

Gram                     30.0          3.0           2.9           0.6           0.9           1.2           1.1           0.7               0.8

Mash                       0.1        0.12               -               -               -               -           (b)               -                   -

Mung                       0.5         5.9           3.0           6.8           5.2           6.8           4.7           4.2               3.3

Massar                     0.1            -           (b)               -           0.1               -               -               -                   -

Arhar                        -                -           1.7           1.8           1.5           1.3           1.3           1.0               1.6

 

  Oil Seeds

 

Groundnut             20.0        12.0           8.0           3.7           1.5           1.9           1.6           0.6               0.7

Rape and                 5.0          4.0           5.0           2.5           5.0           3.0         1.90           3.0               3.5

Mustard

Sesamum                   -               -               -               -               -               -               -               -                   -

Linseed                    -                 -               -               -               -               -               -               -                   -

Sunflower                  -               -               -           0.4           1.0              1           (b)               -               (d)

 

  Other Crops

 

Sugarecane*             62.0       55.0         39.0        25.0         46.0         67.0            43              31               27

Potatoes                      7.1         3.6           6.0          4.3         18.1         10.7          15.7             44.6         52,1

Cotton                      8.88       9.09         40.11        5.20     21.28         6.33         4.05               1.81       2.04

(American)

Cotton                    16.90       3.64           2.15       1.49        4.93         0.77           5.21              2.87 4.12 Desi

____________________________________________________________________________________

                                                 (Statistical Abstracts of Punjab 1979,1984,1989,1994 and 1996 to 2000)

 

* The production of sugarcane is in terms of gur

(b) Denotes less than 500 M Tons

(d) Denotes less than 50 M Tons

                                                                                   

 

 

 

 

 


CHAPTER  V

 

INDUSTRIES

                   

                    Despite being an overwhelmingly agricultural district of the State a good number of large, medium and small-scale industrial units have been established in the Sangrur District. This has been the result of incentives available to the industrial units set up in this district, which was declared as industrially backward district by the Government of India in 1972.  The number of registered working factories increased from 218 in 1978 to 798 in 1999.The District Industries Centre, Malerkotla is working as a nodal agency for the industrial development of the district.  The number of registered working factories under each category and workers employed therein in the district, during 1999 is given below:

Serial             Name                                                              Number                 Number                                                      No                of industry                                                of factories          of workers

 1                           2                                                                   3                                 4       

1                      Agriculture service                                       46 1,346

2                      Manufacturing of   food                              328 1,076

                        and beverages products

3                      Manufacturing of textiles                               19                            6,743

4                      Manufacturing of textiles products        

                        Including wearing apparel and dyeing           2 54

5                      Manufacturing of leather fur products           4                               280

6                      Manufacturing of wood and wood

                        products                                                           101                               490

7                      Manufacturing of paper and paper

               products                                                                 8                               226

8                      Printing, publishing and allied industries         3                                 33

9                      Petroleum and coal products                            1                                 10

10                   Manufacturing of chemicals and chemical

                products                                                             25                            1,897

11                   Manufacturing of rubber and plastic goods   9                               270

12                   Manufacturing of non-metallic                     49                               473

                        mineral products

13                   Basic metal and alloy industries                    46                            2,150

14                   Manufacturing of metal products and parts 39                              600

15                  Manufacturing of machinery and

                      equipments                                                          35                               887

16                   Manufacturing of  radio TV and

                        communications parts                                       2                                  20

17                   Electricity machinery and apparatus              3                               112

18                   Manufacturing of motor vehicles

                and trailers                                                            9                               498

19                   Manufacturing of other transport

                equipments                                                        17                               539

 

36

___________________________________________________________________________

  1                                           2                                              3                           4

___________________________________________________________________________

20                   Manufacturing of furniture                               4                              162

21                   Repair of motor vehicles and sale                    8                             191

22                   Electricity, gas and steam supply                  25                              732

23                  Wholesale trade of communication

parts and trade                                                     6                                65

24                 Retail trade in others except

                motor vehicles                                                      8                                81

25                   Supporting transport activity                            5                              54

___________________________________________________________________________

                                                                           (Statistical Abstract of Punjab,2000)

 

               Large and Medium-Scale Industries.-There were only 3 industrial units in the large and medium-scale sector in the district during 1977-78,which rose to 49 during 1998-99.The list of large and medium-scale units with their products, year of establishment and number of workers employed therein as on 31 March 1999 are given below:

_______________________________________________________­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­________

Serial           Name Of                                       Year of              Number of                 Product

 No.              the unit                                        establishment      workers

______________________________________________________________________________________________

     1                 2                                                3                       4                              5

______________________________________________________________________________________________

 

1      Bhagwanpura Sugar Mills, Dhuri         1956              720                    Sugar

 

2      Markfed Fertilizers, Dhuri                   1972                18                    Granulate of mixed fertilizers

 

3      The Sangrur District Co-Operative       1980              244                    Milk Powder and Ghee product

        Milk Products Union Ltd,Milk Plant

        Sangrur

 

4.     Sangrur  Vanaspati Mills Limited         1980              146                    Vanaspati ,Acid Oil and Soap

        (Unit-1) Sangrur                                                                                  stick

 

5      Punjab Maize Products Limited,          1980              142                    Maize starch, Liquid Glucose,

        Sangrur                                                                                                Dextrose, Maize germ and Glutton

 

6      Malwa Cotton Spinning Mills               1980           2,229                    Cotton and Acrylic Yarn

        Limited, village and post Office

        Harigarh (Tahsil  Sunam)

 

7      Anil Modi Oil Industries  Private         1980                73                    Rice Bran

        Limited, Sunam

 

8      Steel Strips Limited ,Jitwal Kalan         1980              150                    Cold-rolled steel strips

        (Tahsil Malerkotla)

 

9      Arihant Spinning   Mills ,Malerkotla    1981           2,164                    Cotton and Synthetic Yarn

 

10    J.R. Solvant Industries Private             1981                20                    Rice-bran Oil and de-Oiled

        Limited, Sangrur                                                                                  rice –bran

 

11    Nahar Fibers Limited ,Village              1982            1401                    Cotton/Synthetic Yarn

        Jitwal  Kalan (Tahsil Malerkotla)

 

12    Shreyans Industries Limited, Ahm-     1982              773                    Writing and Printing Papers

        adgarh (Tahsil  Malerkotla)

 

______________________________________________________________________________________________

   1                 2                                                        3                      4                    5

______________________________________________________________________________________________

13    Shri Jindal   Proteins Ltd                     1993              121                    Vegetable/Vanaspati; products

         No.2) Sangrur

 

14    Punjab Engineering Cutting Tools        1982                76                    Milling Cutter

        Village Channo(Tahsil Sangrur)

 

15    The General Industries Society           1983           1,117                    Cotton Synthetic Yarn

        Limited, Village Akbarpur,Post Office

        Rohira(Tahsil Malerkotla)           

 

16    Kisan Mini-Sugar Mills Village            1983                22                    Rice Bran Oil

        and Post office Kup-Kalan(Tahsil

        Malerkotla)

 

17    Ralson India Limited (Carbon Black    1983             100                    Carbon Black

        Unit),Village Jitwal Kalan (Tahsil

        Malerkotla)

 

18    Punjab Gas Cylinders Limited,            1983                14                    LPG Cylinders

        Village  Malikpur (Tahsil Malerkotla)

  

19    Sabina Woolen Mills Private Ltd,         1984              226                    Wool- tops

        Village Rohira (Tahsil Malerkotla)

 

20    Ritesh International Oil and Fats          1984              125                    Industries hard Oil and refined                           Limited, Akbarpura (Tahsil Malerkotla)                                                                                          Oil

 

21    Hari Kewal  Private Limited, Sunam    1984                50                    Rice-Bran Oil

 

22    Aar  Kay  Chemicals Private Limited,  1985                55                    Rice Bran Oil and cakes

        Village Saraud (Tahsil  Malerkotla)

 

23    Organic Chemicals Limited, Village     1985              250                    Fatty-Acid, Toilet Soap/Refined

        Gaunspura(Tahsil Malerkotla)                                                             and  Rice-bran Oil and cattle Feed,

                                                                                                                    Glycerin

24    Varinder Agro Chemicals Limited,       1985              281                    Sulphuric Acid and single super

        Barnala                                                                                                Phosphate

 

25    Barnala Co-Operative Spinning Mills   1987              904                    Cotton/ Synthetic Yarn

        Limited, Tapa

 

26    Indasa India Limited,  Malerkotla        1996                60                    Malted butter Skimmed Milk

 

27    National Agro Chemical  Industries,    1988                85                    Monocretophos, Technical

         Sangrur

 

28    Pepsi Foods Limited, Village Channo  1990                34                    Soft Drink

        (Tahsil Sangrur)

 

29    Pepsi foods Limited (Snack-Food        1990              200                    Processed Potato /Grain Food.

        Division ,Unit II ,Village Channo

        Tahsil Sangrur

 

30    Arihant Cotsyn village Biggarwal         1990              335                    Cotton and Synthetic Yarn

        (Tahsil Sunam)

 

31    Sunam Roller Flour Mills                     1991                20                    Wheat Products

        Private Limited, Sunam

 

32    Vee Kay Fibers Limited, Village          1991              323                    Worsted Yarn

        Akbarpur, (Tahsil Malerkotla)

 

33    Trident Alco-Chem Limited,Barnala    1991              159                    Industries Alcohol/Acetic acid

 

____________________________________________________________________________________________

 1                     2                                                    3                    4                                5

___________________________________________________________________________________________

34    Matharu Chemicals Industries, Bhwani                    1991                    13        Dye-intermediates

        garh.

 

35    Abhishek Industries Limited, Barnala  1993            1029                    Cotton Yarn

 

36    Indian Acrylics Limited,village            1993              442                    Acrylic-staple yarn

        Harkishanpura(Tahsil Sangrur)

 

37    Arihant Cotsyn Limited Village Birdwal                   1993                    180      Poly/icose-yarn

        Malerkotla Road Dhuri.

 

38    Varinder Chemical Limited)                 1993              681                    Writing and Printing Papers

        (Paper Division )Dhanaula.

 

39    Hunuman Roller Flour Mills Private    1994                25                    Wheat Products, etc.

        Limited,Sunam                                   

 

40    Geeta Threads Limited, Hadiya            1994              210                    Cotton Yarn

 

41    Abhishek  spinfed Corporation Limited,                  1998                    745      Readymade Garments single

        Barnala                                                                                                Processed Yarn

 

42    Vee Kay Oils Private Limited,Village   1980                45                    Hardend Rice Bran Oil, Refined

        Akbarpura,Ahmadgarh                                                                        Oil and Oxygen gas

 

43    Didar Steel Complex Private Limited,  1996              100                    Steel Ingots

        Village Amargarh

 

44    Munday Paper Mills Limited Village    1999                19                    Craft paper Board, Grey Board

        Naudharani ,Malerkotla.

 

45    Sohrab Spinning Mills                         1995                  ..                    Tyre-Cord Industrial  Yarn

        Limited, Malerkotla

 

46    Hari kewal Agro Limited, Sunam         1994                50                    Oil Ghee, Soap, industrial

                                                                                                                    oil, Hard Oil.

 

47    Malwa Cotton Spinning Mills, Barnala 1980            2229                    Cotton and Acrylic Yarn

 

48    Punjab Power Generator Machine        1988              225                    Hydro-turbines and generator

        Limited, Sangrur

______________________________________________________________________________________________

                                                                                              (Source: Director of industries Punjab, Chandigarh )

     

                The number of registered working factories and workers employed therein in Sangrur District for the year 1979,1984,1989,1994 to 1999 are given below:

___________________________________________________________________­­________

      Year                  Number of factories                  Number of workers

____________________________________________________________________________________

        1979                                  313                                                               4,888

        1984                                  486                                                             16,297

        1989                                  588                                                             22,425

        1994                                  743                                                             30,600

        1995                                  791                                                             31,510

        1996                                  814                                                             30,871

        1997                                  818                                                             35,746

        1998                                  857                                                             33,050

        1999                                  798                                                             28,774

____________________________________________________________________________________

(Source: Labour Commissioner, Punjab; and Statistical Abstract of Punjab1998 to 2000)

       

Power

                                                           

Sources of Power

               Powers is vital input for fueling speedy economic growth. Renewable sources of power include hydropower, fuel wood, biogas, solar, wind, geo- thermal and tidal power. Non-renewable sources of energy include coal, oil and gas. Coalmines and oil wells are not found in the district, Geo- thermal and tidal power is also not available. Thus, ample supply of electricity can only meet the requirement of industrial expansion. In order to supplement the power generation the State Government has formed Punjab Energy Development Agency ( PEDA) in September 1991 as a nodal agency for promotion and development of non- conventional and renewable energy  programmes/ projects in the State . The main activities of PEDA include Mini hydel power generating solar energy based power generation projects, power generation from urban/industrial waste; integrated rural energy programme  (IREP ); community institutional/ night soil biogas plants, national projects on biogas development programme, solar photovoltaic  water  pumping systems’; solar  photovoltaic street lights / lanterns ; biomass gasification programme; national programme on improved  Chula, etc. In the Sangrur  District PEDA is setting up one mini/ micro level hydel project at Kanganwal on Bathinda branch of Sirhind Canal. Besides, the PEDA also installs/ sells different renewable energy devices. The renewable energy devices installed/ sold by PEDA in Sangrur District up to  31 March 2000 are    given  below:

Serial         Items                                                     Number of renewable energy

No.                                                                                                                devices sold / installed

1          Solar photovoltaic lanterns                                      34

2          Solar photovoltaic home lighting systems                22

3          Solar photovoltaic street lights                                  5

4          Family biogas plant                                                  27

5          Solar cookers                                                           14

6          Night soil based biogas plants                                    6

7            Smoke less Chulas                                                    4,450

                             (Source: Punjab Energy Development Agency, Chandigarh)

 

            One micro hydel power house has been built by Punjab State Electricity Board on the waterfall of Ghaggar Branch of Bhakhra Canal at Nidampur to utilize the local sources of power of generation. Two units each of 400 K.W. capacity has been installed by Bharat Heavy Electrical Limited.

 

               Power Consumption in the District .- In the  Sangrur District electricity  is  the  main  source  of  power apart from oil and coal . The details

 

 regarding the consumption of electricity in the district during 1978-79,1983-84,1988-89 ,1993-94 and 1995-96 to 1999-2000 is given below:

___________________________________________________________________________

Year  Domestic Commercial Industrial Agriculture Others Total ___________________________________________________________________________

1978-79            18.5                      6.3                    48.8                      152.8              1.2        227. 6

1983-84            42.1                      9.3                  122.3                      225.4              4.1        403.2

1988-89            87.7                    14.2                  251.4                      478.7              4.8        836. 8

1993-94          149.7                    24.4                  367.6                      717.7              5.8      1,265.2

1995-96          201.5                    33.5                  499.2                      655.7              8.1      1,398.0

1996-97*       237.5                    36.2                  467.9                      655.7            10.0      1,407.3

1997-98*       224.4                    35.5                  507.3                      817.8            10.2      1,595.2

1998-99*         244.74                 39.95               548.01                1,030.23         11.91    1,874.97

1999-2000      253.37                 42.73               560.57               1,128.46        11.13     1,996.26

___________________________________________________________________________* Provisional             (Statistical Abstracts of Punjab ,1979,1984,1989,1994and 1996 to 2000)

                                                                                                                             

State Aid to Industries

                                    Prior to 1981-82 the industrial units in the State were eligible for grants-in-aid and subsidy on the loans advanced under the Punjab State Aid to Industries Act,1935. But this practice has been discontinued and now the industrial units set up in the State are given incentives on land building and taxation, etc. under various industrial policies issued by the State Government from time to time.

           Punjab Financial Corporation, Chandigarh.- The Punjab Financial  Corporation was established in 1953 under the State Financial Corporation  Act ,1951,for providing medium and long term loans to small  and medium scale  industrial undertakings in the State. A branch of the Corporation is also functioning at Sangrur which was opened on 19 June 1981.The amount of loan sanctioned and disbursed by the Corporation to various industrial units in the Sangrur District during 1988-89,1993-94 and 1995-96 to 1999-2000 is given  below:

                                                                                                        (Rs in lakhs)

___________________________________________________________________________

Year                         Amount Sanctioned                                          Amount distributed

___________________________________________________________________________1988-89                 898.01                                                                 477.01

1993-94                                  571.00                                                            532.00

1995-96                                  794.00                                                            557.00

1996-97                               1,010.00                                                          731.00

1997-98                                  269.00                                                            218.00

1998-99                                  911.00                                                            535.00

1999-2000                          1,428.00                                                       1,045.00

___________________________________________________________________________

                                                     (Source : Punjab Financial Corporation , Chandigarh )

            Jail Industries.-The jail  industries which were run in the District Jail, Sangrur have since been closed from the year 1986 because this jail was declared as a maximum security jail by the Government of Punjab.

            Role of Industrial Co-operatives.-Industrial co-operatives play an significant role in the economic development of the district. The members of the industrial co-operative societies belong to weaker sections of society like weavers, black-smiths, carpenters, tanners, shoe-makers, etc. who require subsistence employment. The table given below shows the number and membership of the industrial co-operative societies along with the value of goods produced in the district during the year 1999-2000 :

____________________________________________________________________

 

Name of                                                                            Number of industrial                      Membership Value of goods

the industry                           cooperative societies                                      produced 

                                                                                                             (Rs in Lakhs)

Handloom Weaving                           38                             678                          39.06

Khadi and Village                               84                          1,303                          14.32

Industries

Small-Scale Industries                       85                          1,129                       153.00

Handicrafts                                            5                               55                                   -

Other Industrial Societies                     1                             101                                   -

___________________________________________________________________­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­________

­                                            (Source : Deputy  Registrar, Co-operative  Societies ,Sangrur)

                                 

                  The following table shows the progress made by the industrial co-operative societies in the district during 1978-79, 1983-84, 1988-89 1993-94 and 1995-96 to 1999-2000:

                                                                                                                             

___________________________________________________________________________

Year            No. of               Membership                          (Rs in Lakhs)

                   Industrial                                                                                     

                   co-operative                               Share       Working   Production           Sales

                  societies                                      capital     capital                                           

___________________________________________________________________________

 

1978-79          395                       5559              17.94          51.43       110.01       116.24

1983-84          399                       6305           427.96       474.35       117.14       119.21

1988-89          451                       8286           627.99    2,105.71          99.80       100.08

1993-94          305                      9,917           897.05    2,011.88       116.91       127.90

1995-96          293                      3,683              65.53       134.75       215.11       215.11

1996-97          249                      4,167              69.10       162.07       118.11       118.11

1997-98          239                      3,571              71.88       154.52       193.84       193.84

1998-99          236                      3,536              73.07       196.39       176.50       176.50

1999-2000     213                      2,366              71.77       196.82       207.08       207.08

___________________________________________________________________________

                                                                              (Source : Deputy  Registrar, Co-operative Societies, Sangrur)

 

              Khadi and Village Industries.- Much stress is being laid by the State Government on the growth and development of village industries. For this purpose Punjab Khadi  and Village Industries Board has been constituted. It is providing loans under two schemes namely Pattern Scheme and Project Based Scheme. Under the  Pattern  Scheme it provides loans upto Rs 1 lakh and under Project Based Scheme it provide loans between Rs 1 lakh to 25 lakhs. An individual can take loan upto Rs 10 lakhs and loan above Rs 10 lakhs are given to institutions. Margin money subsidy @ 25 per cent is given on the project upto Rs 10 lakhs and 10 per cent on the remaining cost of the project exceeding Rs 10 lakhs.

            The products manufactured by the units financed  by the Board are  exempted from sales tax.

 

                The details of important khadi and village industries functioning in the Sangrur District, as on 31 March 2000 are given below:

___________________________________________________________________________

 

Serial          Name of the     Number of    Employment                         Production          Main product

No.              Industry             units                                               (Rs in lakhs)                                                                                                                                 

________________________________________________________________________________    

1          Processing of cereals             135       288                         137.65                       Spices, papad                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       

            and pulses                                                                                                                        cereals and pulses              

   

2          Village oil                            1    2              1.85              Mustard oil, Oil

 

3          Gur and khandsari                 140          133         29.20                             Gur and khandsari

 

4          Soap                                        42        69                         129.15                        Soap

 

5          Bee keeping                            14             34           5.40                               Honey

 

6          Pottery                                   126             3,025      396.10                         Bricks, tiles, earthen

                                                                                                                                                     pots

7           Fibre                                      464             793         100.40                                   Rope

 

8           Carpentry/Blacksmithy       580            1,308                                    455.90                       Agricultural  implements              

                                                                      and furniture

 

9            Lime                                                  17                                31                   18.15                                  Sand Jally, artificial ,

                                                                                                                                                     jewellery

 

10         Bamboo and cane                 270      426                           65.15                      Cane furniture, baskets

 

11         Marketing  (Sale depot)           7            9                             7.45                           

 

12         Food production                       5        15                                 6.00                     Food and vegetable        

                                                                                                                                     preservation       

13         Aluminum                                -         25                           16.50                           

 

14          Services                                 86        87                                   -

 

15          Textiles                                   69       51                                   -                      Ready made garments

                                                                                                                                     (other than Khadi)

 

16           Polymer                                              5                                20                                18.15                              ..

 

17           Electronics                              6        84                             2.45                   Computer and electronics

                                                                                                                                       items

                                                                                                                                                       

18         Hand made            paper                      6                                  4                     1.85                              Exercise  books/

                                                                                                                                                envelops, card board

19          Leather                                1,281 1,857                         421.78                   Leather products

________________________________________________________________________________________________

                                                                           (Source : Punjab Khadi and Village Industries Board, Chandigarh)                              

 

          Statistics of Trade Union.- The particulars of trade  unions registered under the Trade Unions Act,1926 functioning in the district as on 31 March 2000 are given in the  statement given below:

___________________________________________________________________________

Serial No                    Name of trade union                                                    Date of registration

__________________________________________________________________________

1                                            2            _                                                                                                 3____________

1                          Dhaga Mill Majdoor Union,Malerkotla                                              30 July 1984

2                          District Paper Mills Workers Union ,Malerkotla                                    1983

3                          District Engineering Workers Union,Malerkotla                                 3January1964

4                                       G.I.S. Spining Mills Workers Union,Akbarpur

                            (Tahsil  Malerkotla)                                                                             8January 1988

5                          Hard Oil Workers Union, Sangrur                                                      5April 1984

    6                      Kissan Ghee Mill Workers Union, Sangrur                                        27 April 1984

7                          Malwa Milk Plant  Workers Union, Dhuri                                         13Dec.1977                   

8                          Malwa Sugar  Mills Mazdoor Dal ,Dhuri                                           14 June 1974

9                          Malwa Sugar Mills Workers Federation, Dhuri                                  16June1982

10                        Moonak Oil Workers Union, Uppli (Tahsil Sangrur)                         30 May 1985

11                        Markfed  Fertilizers Workers Union, Dhuri                                        9 June 1975

12                        Oswal Agro Furnace Workers Union, Bhasar( Malerkotla)               13 Jan.1989

13                        Punjab Maize Product Workers Federation, Sangrur                          8 August 1983

14                        Sangrur Ghee Mill Workers Union, Sangrur                                      23 June 1983

15                        Saw Mill Workers Union, Dhanaula                                                   11 June 1983

16                        Super Pipes and Conduits Workers Union,                                        28 Oct. 1984

                            Bhawanigarh

17                        Sukhchain Oil Company Workers Union, Ahmadgarh                       31 Jan 1985

18                        Shreeyans Paper Mill workers Union (CITU)                                    4 April 1988

                            Malikpur ,Tahsil Malerkotla.

19                        Vee Kay Oil Mills Workers Union, Ahmedgarh                                25Jan. 1982

20                        Vinod Paper Mills Workers Union, Malerkotla                                  13March 1989

21                        Flour Mills Workers Union, Sunam                                                   24 June 1993

22                        Rice Sheller Employees Union ,Bhawanigarh                                     8July 1992

23                        Vanaspati Karamchari Sangh , Mubark Mahil,                                   20March1991  (District Sangrur)

25                       Gulucios Factory Workers Union ,Malerkotla                           30 July 1984

26                       Katai Mill Karamchari Dal, Punjab, Tapa Mandi                    12Jan. 1993

27                       Indian Acrylics Workers Union, Sangrur                                     23 Nov.1994

28                       Neela Jhanda Punjab Bhatha Mazdoor Union Village                  ..

                            and Post Office ,Kanjla (Tahsil Malerkotla)

29                       Century Iron and Steel Employees Union, Malerkotla            11April 1989

30                       District Metal and Engineering Mazdoor Sangh,                       14 Dec. 1995

                            Malerkotla

31                       Palastto Power Engineering Workers Union, Sangrur               12 May 1994

32                       Cycle Karmchari Sangh, Malerkotla                                           8 July 1992

33                       General Industrial Society Limited Workers Union                  30Dec. 1987

                            Akbarpur (Tahsil Malerkotla)

34                       Sangrur Industries Corporation with all sisters                           1 March 1994

                            concern Workers Union, Sangrur

35                       Malwa Sugar Mill workers, union, Dhuri                                     10 February 1993

36                       Oswal Agro Furnace Workers Union, Bhasor                             28 August 1990

37                       Super Pipes and Conduits Workers Union, Bhawanigarh        27 October 1984

38.                    Indasa India Limited  Workers Union, Malerkotla                     7 January 1998

39                Punjab Pardesh Bhatha Mazdoor Dal ,Barnala           5 June 1998

40                     Matharu Chemical Workers Union ,Bhawanigarh                        9 June 1998

41                     Gobind Body Builders Workers Union, Bhadaur                     12 June 1998

42                    V.K. Fibere workers Union, Ahmadgarh                                  30 July 1999

43                     Crompton Greevs Hydro Division Workers                            10 Sept. 1992

                         Union ,Channo

44                     Standard Combine Workers Union, Sangrur                             8 Dec 1997

45                     Guru Nanak Agricultural Engineering Workers                         7 January 1998

                        Union, Handiaya.

46                    Pepsi Food Union, Dhalo, Sangrur.                                             7 January 1998              

___________________________________________________________________________

                                                            (Source : Labour Commissioner, Punjab, Chandigarh)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

           CHAPTER VI

 

BANKING, TRADE AND COMMERCE

 

Towns and Villages having Banking Offices

 

               To provide banking facilities in all the villages, the Reserve Bank of India started a scheme namely, ‘Service Area Approach Scheme’ in 1988-89. Under this scheme each bank branch in rural and semi–urban area serves a designated area of about 15 to 20 villages. As a result of this scheme the banking facility has spread even to the remotest area of the district. Most of the bank branches also provide locker facilities. Banks also provide short and long term financial assistance to the traders and industrialists either to set up or to expand their activities. Almost all the big villages and towns of the district have one or more bank branches.

Commercial and Nationalized Banks. - During the year 1977 there were 88 bank branches in the district. But with the spread of economic activities more and more bank branches are allowed to be opened by the Reserve Bank of India so that banking facilities reach even the remotest place. As a result, the number of bank branches in the district increased to 237 by 2000. The list of banking offices at various places in the district as on 31 March 2000 is given below:-

 

Serial No.  Name of the Bank           Branches           Date of opening

1                     2                                     3                            4               _______________________________________________________________

1           Bharart  Overseas Bank,     1 Malerkotla                   2 August 1998

             Ltd                                                                                                                     

2          Canara Bank                        1 Malerkotla                  25 May 1977

                                                         2 Sangrur                         1 July 1996

3          Central Bank of India          1 Barnala                        5 November 1969

                                                         2 Sangrur                      28 September 1985

                                                         3  Laungowal                 1 September 1992

                                                         4 Ahmadgarh                29 March 1995

                                                            Mandi

4          Indian Bank                         1 Sangrur                       22 February 1995

5          Indian Overseas Bank          1 Barnala                       15 November 1972

6          Malwa Gramin Bank            1 Sangrur                        27 February 1986

                                                         2 Bhalwan                      27 February 1987

                                                         3 Kaulseri Branch          29 February 1988

                                                         4 Wazid Ke- Kalan        8 March 1988

                                                         5 Gauara                         17 March 1989

                                                         46

______________________________________________________________  1                    2                                     3                                  4   

_______________________________________________________________

                                                          6 Khanal Kalan             20 March 1989

                                                          7   Balian                       20 March 1989                        8   Dhilwan                27 March 1989                                                                 9   Thulewal               12 May1989

                                                         10  Kurar                        22 May 1989

                                                         11 Pishor Bhaika            24 May 1989

                                                         12 Bhudan                     24 June1989

                                                         13 Andana                     11 July 1989

                                                         14 Majhi                         4 August 1989

                                                         15 Gehlon                     11 August 1989

                                                         16 Badalgarh                 23 August 1989                       17 Bhindran               1 September 1989

                                                         18 Chural Kalan             6 September

                                                         19 Rura Kalan                6 October 1989

                                                         20 Hamirgarh                 27 October 1989

                                                         21 Bhadaur                    3 January 1990

                                                         22 Daska                        17 February 1990

                                                         23 Ghore Nab                22 March 1990

7          Oriental  Bank of                 1 Malerkotla                    31 July 1974

            Commerce                            (Loha Bazar)

                                                         2 Laungowal                   3 November 1997

                                                         3 Malerkotla                   10 September1975

                                                         4 Bagrian                        29 July 1976

                                                         5 Dhanaula                     3 November 1997

                                                         6 Kaleke                         6 October 1981

                                                         7 Shadihari                    12April 1983

                                                         8 Bihla                           28 April 1983

                                                         9 Lehra Gaga                4 April 1985

                                                         10 Bhawanigarh            6 April 1985

                                                         11 Sangrur                     5 February 1993

                                                         12 Dhuri                        5 October 1994

                                                         13 Barnala                     6 October 1994

                                                         14 Sunam                      21 August 1995

                                                         15 Ahmadgarh              25 August 1995

                                                         16 Tapa                         29 August 1995

8          Punjab and Sind Bank         1 Mahal Kalan               22 January 1970

                                                         2 Khanauri Mandi          9 June 1970

                                                         3 Sangrur                      12 June 1970

                                                         4 Dirba                         29 June 1970

                                                         5 Sullarghrat                 10 April 1971

                                                         6 Malerkotla                 19 August 1971

_______________________________________________________________

   1                    2                                     3                                  4   

_______________________________________________________________      7 Sunam                    27 November 1974

                                                         8 Sekha                      27 November 1974

                                                         9 Bhwanigarh            19 December 1974

                                                         10 Ahmadgarh          23 December 1974

                                                         11 Barnala                 26 December 1974

                                                         12 Dhuri                    27 December 1974

                                                         13 Gharachon            28 December 1974

                                                         14 Badbar                 26 December 1975

                                                         15 Mimsa                  27 December 1975

                                                         16 Chaunda               28 September 1977

                                                         17 Badrukhan           27 December 1978

                                                         18 Bhutna                 20 June 1983

                                                         19 Johlan                   20 June 1983

                                                         20 Koharian              21 June 1983

9          Punjab National Bank          1 Malerkotla              14 February 1945

                                                         (Sadar Bazar)                

                                                         2 Ahmadgarh           17 March 1948

                                                         3 Sangrur                  14 October 1950

                                                         4 Barnala                  15 June 1951

                                                         5 Dhuri                     12 August 1953

                                                         6 Sunam                   9 October 1954

                                                         7 Dhanaula              27 September 1969

                                                         8 Sherpur                 27 November 1969

                                                         9 Amargarh             27 November 1969

                                                         10 Laungowal         28 November 1969

                                                         11 Malerkotla          22 January 1972

                                                          (Sadar Bazar)

                                                         12 Chatha Nanhera  8 October 1983

                                                         13 Dhuri                   8 June 1972

                                                         (Loha Mandi)  

                                                         14 Barnala                8 October 1973

                                                         (Handia Bazar)

                                                         15 Thullewal           18 October 1975

                                                         16 Thikriwala          18 October 1975

                                                         17 Sangrur               27 September 1976

                                                         18 Tapa                   19 November 1976

                                                         19 Sanghera            24 August 1977

                                                         20 Bhutal Kalan      19 November 1982

                                                         21 Mauran Nabha    21 May 1981

                                                         22 Dhadrian             23 October 1981

                                                         23 Kanganwal          7 October 1983

                                                         24 Gaga Branch       19 November 1982

_______________________________________________________________

  1                     2                                     3                            4                      

______________________________________________________________

10 State Bank Of India                   1  Sangrur                 7 November 1972

                                                         2 Malerkotla             2 November 1972

                                                         3 Dhanaula               11 November 1972

                                                         4 Manvui                  26 August 1974

                                                         5 Saron                     23 July 1974

                                                         6 Ladda Kothi         29 September 1977

                                                         7 Sunam                   9 December 1977

                                                         8 Barnala                  21 June 1980

                                                         9 Sangrur                  6 November 1982

                                                          (Industrial Area)

                                                         10 Fatehgarh Panj    9 May 1983

                                                              Girain

                                                         11 Chiman                6 May 1983

11        State Bank Of Patiala          1 Barnala                11 September 1923

                                                         2 Dhuri                    25 May 1928

                                                         3 Sunam                    4 November 1935

                                                         4 Tapa                     27 October 1941

                                                         5 Lehra Gaga            5 May 1942

                                                         6 Sangrur                 11April 1949

                                                         7 Malerkotla            14 April 1949

                                                         8 Ahmadgarh            4 October 1950

                                                         9 Bhawanigarh          7 May 1968

                                                         10 Bhadaur            11 October 1969

                                                         11 Munak                 2 October `1970

                                                             (Akalgarh)

                                                         12 Chiman              14 November 1970

                                                         13 Sehna                  7 April 1971         

                                                         14 Chhajli                 9 August  1971

                                                         15 Bhasaur               2 March 1972

                                                         16 Dhaula                 6 March 1972

                                                         17 Hadiaya               6 March 1972

                                                         18 Kup Kalan           2 March 1972

                                                         19 Khanauri          17 August 1974

                                                         20 Duggan             30 September 1974

                                                         21 Malerkotla         26 November 1974

                                                          (A D B)

                                                         22 Ahmadgarh         5 February 1977

                                                         23 Benra                17 March 1978

                                                         24 Kala Jhar          23 February1980

                                                         25 Katron              17 April 1980

                                                         26 Jhakhepal         21 April 1980

_______________________________________________________________

  1                     2                                     3                            4              

_______________________________________________________________27 Hathan 25 April 1980

                                                         28 Khanpur                 30 April 1980

                                                         29 Barnala                   12 June 1980

                                                             (A DB)

                                                         30 Mahal Kalan           June 1980

                                                            (A DB)

                                                         31 Lahal Kalan            27 June 1980

                                                         32 Upli                           8 September 1980

                                                         33 Mahlan                   10 November 1980

                                                         34 Bhogiwal                29 June 1981

                                                         35 Mulowal                 27 July 1981

                                                         36 Chananwal             17 August  1981

                                                         37 Nadampur              17 August 1981

                                                         38 Lohat Baddi           26 February 1982

                                                         39 Jalaldiwal               26 February 1982

                                                         40 Banbhaura              27 February 1982

                                                         41 Kanjhla                  14 May 1982

    42 Sunam                   22 September 1982

                                                         43 Amargarh              25 October 1982

                                                         44 Sangrur                 14 March 1983

                                                         45 Dharmgarh            28 July 1983

                                                         46 Bhatiwal Kalan       6 September 1983

                                                         47 Ubbewal               26 September 1983

                                                         48 Mandvi                 15 October 1983

                                                         49 Ghanauri Kalan    15 October 1983

                                                         50 Dhanaula              24 March 1993

                                                         51 Dirba                    26 March 1993

                                                         52 Malerkotla              9 January 1995

                                                            (SSI SPBR)

                                                         53 Barnala                26 February 1996

12     Syndicate Bank                       1 Ahmadgarh            5 August 1970

13     Union Bank of India               1 Sangrur                 24 July 1973

14        The Punjab State                                                                                     1 Sunam                    9February 1962

         Co-Operative Agricultural      2 Malerkotla            13 March1962

         Development Bank, Ltd         3 Barnala                 11 August 1966

                                                         4 Sangrur                   6 November 1972

                                                         5 Lehra Gaga          11 May 1987

                                                         6 Dhuri                    15 June 1987

                                                         7 Bhawanigarh        23 September 1991

                                                         8 Tapa                      14 October 1993

 

_______________________________________________________________

  1                     2                                     3                            4                       

______________________________________________________________

15        Sangrur Central                    1   Barnala                   13 January 1950

            Co-Operative Bank              2   Sangrur                   24 January 1952

                                                            3   Tapa                                27 January 1957

                                                         4   Shaina                    1 April 1957

                                                         5   Dhuri                      1 April 1957

                                                         6   Lehra Gaga            12 July 1958

                                                         7   Sunam                    12 July 1958

                                                         8   Malerkotla              12 December 1964

                                                         9   Ahmadgarh             8 May 1968

                                                         10 Munak                     25 May 1968

                                                         11 Mahal Kalan           21 January 1969

                                                         12 Bhawanigarh           24 January 1969

                                                            13 Chiman                 13 August 1970

                                                                            14 Amargarh                9 September 1970

                                                                            15 Sherpur                   7 November 1970

                                                         16 Koharian                2 April 1971                   17 Sheron                 2 June 1976

                                                         18 Khanpur                 2 June 1976

                                                         19 Dhanaula                24 September 1976

                                                         20 Kala Jhar                5 December 1977

                                                         21 Khanauri                21 January 1977

                                                         22 Hathan                   21 February 1978

                                                         23 Rura Kalan             20 March 1978

                                                         24 Bhindran                19 March 1978

                                                         25 Jakhepal                 18 April 1978

                                                         26 Lahail Kalan           8 May 1978

                                                         27 Katron                     25 May 1978

                                                         28 Maur Nabha            25 May 1978

                                                         29 Sanghera                 15 June 1978

                                                         30 Kanganwal              29 September 1978

                                                                            31 Kamalpur                28 September 1978

                                                         32 Mandvi                    29 September 1978

                                                         33 Barri                        30 September 1978

                                                         34 Tallewal                   30 September 1978

                                                         35 Chananwal              30 September 1978

                                                         36 Manvui                    29 September 1978

                                                         37 Nadampur               30 September 1978

                                                         38 Gharachon               10 March 1980

                                                         39 Kaleke                     17 March 1980

                                                         40 Chhajli                     19 March 1980

 

_________________________________________________________________________

  1                     2                                     3                                      4                                                        

_______________________________________________________________                  41 Kutba                   7 April 1980

                                                         42 Kanjhla                    8 April 1980

                                                         43 Maniana                  9 April 1980

                                                         44 Panjgirain                9 April 1980

                                                         45 Thullewal                10 April 1980

                                                         46 Dhadogal                12 April 1980
                                                         47 Sheron                     16 April 1980

                                                         48 Ahmadgarh             9 August 1999

                                                             (Grain Market)

                                                         49 Gehlon                    1 August 1980

                                                         50 Sandhaur                 19 February 1980

                                                         51 Sangrur                    25 August 1986

                                                             (Grain Market)

                                                         52 Mastuana                 25 November 1986

                                                               Sahib

                                                         53 Bhadaur                 1 December 1986                       

                                                         54 Laungowal             13 December 1986

                                                         55 Dirba                      20 December 1986

                                                         56 Malerkotla              15 September 1994

                                                           (Grain Market)

                                                         57 Dhadrian                16 April 1980

                                                         58 Sunam                    2 May 1997       

                   (Anaj Mandi)

                                                         59 Barnala                   7 May 1998

                                                             (Anaj Mandi)

                                                         60 Pakho Kalan           4 May 1998

                                                         61 Dhuri                      25 May 1998

                                                            (Grain Market)

                                                         62 Ahmadgarh            9 August 1999

                                                           (Grain Market)

          ( Source: Reserve Bank Of India, Chandigarh and Deputy Registrar Co-Operative Societies ,Sangrur)

                   Deposits and Advances.- The total aggregate deposits and advances of commercial banks  in Sangrur District during the year 1979, 1984, 1989, 1994 and 1996 to 2000 is   given below:

                                                                       (As  on  last  Friday  of  March)                          _______________________________________________________________

Year                                        Aggregate   Deposits              Gross Bank Credit

                                                   (Rs in lakhs)                                          (Rs in lakhs)

___________________________________________________________________________

1                                                          2                                              3

_______________________________________________________________

1979                                                 4,730                                             2,494

_______________________________________________________________

1                                                          2                                              3

_______________________________________________________________1984          11,774 8,469

1989                                               30,547                                           20,512

1994                                               57,955                                           34,154

1996                                               71,093                                           43,373

1997                                               80,888                                           44,873

1998                                               96,536                                           49,811

1999*                                          1,13,802                                           57,656

2000*                                          1,33,325                                           66,652

___________________________________________________________________________

                   *These figures are as on 31 March       (Source: Reserve Bank of India, Mumbai)

                 

                     Money lenders.- Licenses to the moneylenders for lending money to the public were issued under the Punjab Registration of Money lenders Act,1938. No new licenses are being issued under this Act, only existing licenses are being renewed. There were only 5 registered moneylenders in the district as on 31 March 2000.

     

                           Insurance.- The Life Insurance Corporation of India is functioning in Sangrur District through its three branches at Sangrur, Malerkotla and Barnala. General insurance business is being done in the district by four subsidiaries of General Insurance Corporation. The number of Development Officers and Agents working in the Sangrur District during the year 1999-2000 was 33 and 1,064 respectively.

                      The business secured by the various branches of the Life Insurance Corporation of India in Sangrur District during 1988-89,1993-94 and 1995-96 to 1999-2000 is given below:-

____________________________________________________________________

Year                                      Number of policies                  Amount assured

                                                                                             (Rs in lakhs)

____________________________________________________________________

1988-89                                      4,455                                 1,964